Published Oct 23, 2023 | Updated Nov 10, 2023

Bible Glossary

The Bible, a timeless tapestry of stories, prophecies, and teachings, is rich with terms that may be unfamiliar to the modern reader. Our glossary of Bible terms serves as a bridge between ancient scriptures and contemporary understanding. Whether you're a seasoned theologian or a curious newcomer, this comprehensive guide illuminates the nuances and depths of key biblical concepts. Dive into this resource to enhance your study, deepen your faith, and foster a more profound connection with the Word of God.



-Definition: "A.D." is an abbreviation derived from the Latin phrase "Anno Domini," meaning "In the year of our Lord." It is used to designate the time period in history following the birth of Jesus Christ.


- Acts 11:28 (NIV)

- "One of them, named Agabus, stood up and through the Spirit predicted that a severe famine would spread over the entire Roman world. (This happened during the reign of Claudius.)"

- Luke 3:1 (NIV)

- "In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar—when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene—"


-Definition: The word "Ab" is Hebrew for "father" and is often used to refer to the month of Nisan in the Hebrew calendar, which marks the beginning of the Jewish religious year.


- Exodus 12:2

- "This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you."


-Definition: Abaddon, derived from Hebrew, means "destruction" or "place of destruction." It refers to a spiritual being or a personification of the realm of the dead, often associated with Sheol or Hell.

-Mentions: Revelation 9:11 – "They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon and in Greek is Apollyon."


-Definition: A term of endearment and familiarity used by Jesus to address and refer to God the Father, expressing a close and intimate relationship.

-Mentions: "And he said, 'Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.'" (Mark 14:36, ESV)


-Definition: The first month of the Jewish religious calendar, corresponding to the period between mid

-March and mid

-April in the Gregorian calendar. It marks the beginning of the harvest season.

-Mentions: "Observe the month of Abib and celebrate the Passover of the LORD your God because in the month of Abib he brought you out of Egypt by night." (Deuteronomy 16:1, NIV)


- Definition: Something or someone that is detestable, sinful, or morally offensive in the eyes of God.

- Mentions:

- Leviticus 18:22

- "You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination."


- Definition: Something or someone that is detestable, sinful, or morally offensive in the eyes of God.


- "Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters." (Genesis 1:2, NIV)

- "And when he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss." (Revelation 9:2, NIV)


-Definition: A region in ancient Greece that encompassed the southern part of the mainland, including the city of Corinth. Achaia is often referred to in the New Testament in relation to the ministry of the apostle Paul.

-Mentions: "For what we proclaim is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for Jesus' sake. For God, who said, 'Let light shine out of darkness,' has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. But we have this treasure in jars of clay, to show that the surpassing power belongs to God and not to us. We are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not driven to despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed; always carrying in the body the death of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be manifested in our bodies. For we who live are always being given over to death for Jesus' sake, so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh. So death is at work in us, but life in you."

- 2 Corinthians 4:5-12 (ESV)


-Definition: The twelfth month of the Jewish calendar, corresponding to late winter or early spring.

-Mentions: "Therefore the Jews of the rural areas, who live in the rural towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, a holiday and a day of sending gifts of food to one another." (Esther 9:19, NIV)


-Definition: Adoption, in the biblical context, refers to the act of God choosing and granting individuals the status of being His children. It involves the process of being spiritually reborn and entering into a new relationship with God, where believers become part of His family.

-Mentions: "But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship."

- Galatians 4:4-5 (NIV)


-Definition: Adultery refers to the act of engaging in sexual relationships with someone other than one's spouse, violating the sacred bond of marriage.

-Mentions: Matthew 5:27-28

- "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart."


-Definition: An advocate is someone who pleads on behalf of another and provides assistance, support, or defense.

-Mentions:-Mentions: 1 John 2:1-2 "My dear children, I write this to you so that you will not sin. But if anybody does sin, we have an advocate with the Father—Jesus Christ, the Righteous One. He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world."


-Definition: A fine

-grained, translucent, white or delicately tinted variety of gypsum, often used in making carvings, ornaments, and vessels.


- Matthew 26:6-7

- "While Jesus was in Bethany in the home of Simon the Leper, a woman came to him with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume, which she poured on his head."


-Definition: Refers to a term found in the Hebrew Bible, specifically in the titles of two psalms (Psalm 46 and Psalm 48), indicating a specific musical direction or instrument. Its exact meaning is uncertain, with suggestions ranging from "young women" to "high voices" or "soprano."


- Psalm 46: Title

- Matthew 26:6-7

- "To the choirmaster. Of the Sons of Korah. According to Alamoth. A Song."

- Psalm 48: Title

- "A Song. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah. According to Alamoth."

Aleppo Codex

-Definition: The Aleppo Codex is the oldest and most authoritative manuscript of the Hebrew Bible, dating back to the 10th century CE. It is a meticulously written and preserved text that includes the entire Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) with vowel and accent markings. The codex is highly regarded for its accuracy and serves as a valuable source for scholars studying Hebrew Bible texts.

-Mentions: There is no direct mention of the "Aleppo Codex" within the Bible itself since it was created many centuries after the biblical texts were originally written. However, the significance of the Aleppo Codex becomes apparent in various verses highlighting the preservation and careful study of the Scriptures, such as Psalm 119:11, which states, "I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you."


- Definition: Written with italics, an allegory is a literary device in which abstract ideas, moral principles, or historical events are conveyed through symbolic characters, actions, or events. Allegories often hold deeper moral, philosophical, or spiritual meanings beyond their literal interpretations.

- Mentions: In Galatians 4:21

-31, the apostle Paul uses an allegorical interpretation of the story of Abraham's two sons, Ishmael and Isaac. He compares Ishmael, born to a slave woman, to those who attempt to obtain righteousness through the law. In contrast, Paul equates Isaac, born to a free woman, to those who receive righteousness through faith in Christ. This allegory serves to illustrate the distinction between the Mosaic law and the promise of salvation through Jesus.


-Definition: The first letter of the Greek alphabet, symbolizing the beginning or the first of a series. In Christianity, it is used as a title for Jesus Christ, signifying that He is the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

-Mentions: "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End." (Revelation 22:13, NIV)

Alpha And Omega

-Definition:Alpha and Omega are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, symbolizing the beginning and the end. In the context of the Bible, "Alpha and Omega" is used as a title for God or Jesus, signifying their eternal nature and authority over all creation.

-Mentions: Revelation 1:8: "‘I am the Alpha and the Omega,’ says the Lord God, ‘who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.’"


-Definition:A sacred structure or place used for offering sacrifices or worship to God.


- Genesis 8:20

- "Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it."

- Exodus 20:24

- "Build an altar of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats and your cattle. Wherever I cause my name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you."


-Definition:Used as an expression of affirmation, agreement, or consent. It signifies "so be it" or "truly" and is often said as a response to a prayer or statement of faith.

-Mentions: 1. Matthew 6:13 (NIV)

- "And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. [For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen.]" 2. Revelation 22:20 (NIV)

- "He who testifies to these things says, 'Yes, I am coming soon.' [Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.]"Note: The Bible contains numerous other references to "Amen" in both the Old and New Testaments.


-Definition:An analogy is a comparison between two things for the purpose of explanation or clarification.

-Mentions: "And he said, 'With what can we compare the kingdom of God, or what parable shall we use for it?'" (Mark 4:30, ESV).

Ancient Near (Middle) East

-Definition:The Ancient Near East, also referred to as the Middle East, is a geographic region that encompasses the eastern Mediterranean and Western Asia. It includes Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, the Levant, and other nearby areas. This region is of great significance in biblical history and culture.

-Mentions: "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth."

- Genesis 1:1


-Definition:A celestial being created by God, often portrayed as messengers or servants of God, with greater power and knowledge than humans.

-Mentions:"And the angel answered her, 'The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God.'" (Luke 1:35, ESV)

Annunciation, The

-Definition: The Annunciation refers to the event in which the archangel Gabriel appeared to the Virgin Mary and announced that she would bear a child who would be the Son of God.

- Mentions: Luke 1:26-38

-"In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. The angel went to her and said, 'Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.'"


-Definition:The act of applying oil or ointment as a symbol of consecration, authorization, or divine blessing.


- "You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows." (Psalm 23:5, NIV)

- "And Aaron's sons shall sprinkle it on the altar, and on his garments, and on his sons, and on the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him." (Exodus 29:21, KJV)


-Definition:A false messiah or leader who opposes Christ and seeks to deceive and lead people away from the truth of Christianity.

- Mentions: 1 John 2:18

- "Dear children, this is the last hour; and as you have heard that the antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come. This is how we know it is the last hour."


-Definition: Antinomianism is a theological belief that emphasizes the freedom from the moral law, arguing that Christians are not bound by its commandments for salvation but are justified by faith alone.

-Mentions: Romans 6:1-2

- "What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it?"


-Definition:The aorist tense is a verb tense used in Greek grammar which denotes simple action or occurrence without regard for the duration or completion of the action. It is typically translated into English as a simple past tense.

-Mentions: Ephesians 2:8 (ESV)

- "For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God."


-Definition:Apocalyptic refers to a genre of literature in the Bible that contains vivid and symbolic imagery, conveying messages of divine judgment, future events, and the ultimate triumph of good over evil. This type of writing often includes visions, dreams, and symbolic numbers.

-Mentions:Revelation 1:1

-2: "The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, who testifies to everything he saw—that is, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ."


-Definition:A collection of ancient Jewish writings that are included in some versions of the Old Testament but not in others. These texts are considered non

-canonical by some Protestant denominations but are accepted as part of the canon in Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholic traditions.

- Mentions:

- 2 Esdras (also known as 4 Esdras) 14:45 – "Then the Highest will say to you that are with child: 'Bring forth children!' For I have seen the multitude of the sons whom the eternal Father is bringing forth in His Word."


-Definition: Apollyon is a Greek word meaning "destroyer" or "the angel of the abyss." In the Book of Revelation, Apollyon is identified as the king of the demonic locusts who are released upon the earth as a plague.

-Mentions: "They have as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit. His name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek he is called Apollyon." (Revelation 9:11, ESV)


-Definition: Apostasy refers to the act of deliberately abandoning or renouncing one's faith, or turning away from the teachings and beliefs of a religious group to which one once belonged.


- 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4: "Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself against every so

-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God."


-Definition: A term commonly used to refer to the chosen twelve disciples of Jesus Christ who were given the authority and commission to preach the Gospel and establish the early Christian Church.


- Matthew 10:2 (NIV)

- "These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;"(Note: The term "Apostle" is mentioned numerous times in the Bible, but this specific verse from Matthew 10:2 highlights the naming of the twelve apostles.)


-Definition: Refers to the people, culture, or region associated with the Arabian Peninsula, which includes present-day Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Yemen, and other neighboring countries in the Middle East. The term "Arabian" is often used to describe inhabitants or products originating from this region.

-Mentions: In the book of Genesis 25:13, it is mentioned that "These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam." Kedar is believed to be the founder of an Arabian tribe known as the Kedarites, who inhabited the deserts of Arabia.(Please note that there are multiple mentions of Arabs, Arabians, and related terms throughout the Bible, but this is just one example.)


-Definition: Aram is a biblical term referring to an ancient region located in present-day Syria. Also known as Aram Naharaim or "Aram of the Two Rivers," it encompassed the area between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers.

-Mentions: Genesis 24:10

- "Then the servant took ten of his master's camels and departed, taking all sorts of choice gifts from his master; and he arose and went to Mesopotamia to the city of Nahor." (ESV)


-Definition: The Aramaeans were a Semitic people who settled in the region of Aram, an area that encompassed present-day Syria and parts of Iraq, Turkey, and Lebanon. They were known for their linguistic and cultural contributions, including the development of the Aramaic language.

-Mentions: Genesis 31:20

- "And Jacob tricked Laban the Aramean, by not telling him that he intended to flee."


-Definition: Aramaic is a Semitic language that was primarily spoken in the ancient Near East during biblical times. It is closely related to Hebrew and was widely used as a lingua franca in the Persian Empire.

-Mentions: Daniel 2:4

- "Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic, 'O king, live forever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will reveal its interpretation.'"Note: The verse provided is just one example of the usage of the keyword "Aramaic" in the Bible. There are other instances throughout the Old Testament where Aramaic is mentioned.

Aramaic Targums

-Definition: Aramaic Targums are ancient translations of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) into Aramaic, a closely related Semitic language. These translation texts were used alongside the original Hebrew scriptures to help the Jewish people understand the meaning of the text.

-Mentions: Daniel 2:4: "Then the astrologers answered the king in Aramaic..."; 2 Kings 18:26: "Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, and Shebna and Joah said to the field commander, 'Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, since we understand it...'"


-Definition: An archangel is a high-ranking angel in the celestial hierarchy. They are often associated with being messengers or guardians in biblical texts.


- "For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first." (1 Thessalonians 4:16, NIV)

- "But even the archangel Michael, when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not himself dare to condemn him for slander but said, 'The Lord rebuke you!'" (Jude 1:9, NIV)


-Definition: The Areopagus was a prominent rock outcropping in the city of Athens, where the Athenian council, also known as the Areopagus council, would convene to discuss various matters, including religious and philosophical ideas.


- Acts 17:19-21: "Then they took him and brought him to a meeting of the Areopagus, where they said to him, 'May we know what this new teaching is that you are presenting? You are bringing some strange ideas to our ears, and we would like to know what they mean.' (All the Athenians and the foreigners who lived there spent their time doing nothing but talking about and listening to the latest ideas.)"Note: The Areopagus is also referred to as the "Mars Hill" in some translations.

Ark Of The Covenant

-Definition: The Ark of the Covenant was a sacred container described in the Bible as the dwelling place of God's presence, containing the stone tablets of the Ten Commandments. It was a symbol of God's covenant with the Israelites.

-Mentions: "And they shall make an ark of acacia wood. Two cubits and a half shall be its length, a cubit and a half its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height."

- Exodus 25:10 (ESV)


-Definition: The term "Armageddon" refers to the final battle or the last great conflict between good and evil, as described in the book of Revelation in the Bible. It symbolizes the ultimate end of the current age and the beginning of a new era.

-Mentions: Revelation 16:16

- "And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon."


-Definition: A protective covering or garment worn in battle for defense against weapons or blows. Armor is often made of metal and is intended to shield the wearer from harm.


- Ephesians 6:11-13 (NIV): "Put on the full armor of God, so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms. Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand."


-Definition: The ascension refers to the event when Jesus Christ physically returned to heaven after his resurrection. It signifies his exaltation and reign at the right hand of God the Father.


- Acts 1:9-11

- "And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white robes, and said, 'Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.'"


-Definition: Aselgeia refers to extreme or reckless behavior, often associated with a lack of self

-control or moral restraint. It describes a complete abandonment of decency, shamefulness, or any sense of boundaries.

-Mentions:2 Peter 2:7-8: "...and if he rescued Lot, a righteous man, who was distressed by the depraved conduct of the lawless (for that righteous man, living among them day after day, was tormented in his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he saw and heard)..."2. Mark 7:22

- "greed, wickedness, deceit, as well as unrestrained (aselgeia)..."


-Definition: Ashtoreth was a prominent goddess of ancient Canaanite and Phoenician cultures. She was considered the goddess of love, fertility, and war.

-Mentions: Judges 2:13 (NIV)

- "They forsook the Lord and served Baal and the Ashtoreths."


-Definition: A continent in the eastern part of the world, bordered by Europe and Africa to the west. In biblical times, Asia referred to the Roman province of Asia, which encompassed modern-day Turkey and surrounding regions.


- Acts 2:9-10

- "Parthians, Medes, and Elamites, residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome..."

- 1 Peter 1:1

- "Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who reside as aliens, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, who are chosen..."


-Definition: A small Roman copper coin equivalent to one-sixteenth of a denarius.


-Definition: A gathering or community of believers who come together in worship, prayer, and instruction in the word of God.

-Mentions: "Assemble the people, men, women, and little ones, and the sojourner within your towns, that they may hear and learn to fear the Lord your God" (Deuteronomy 31:12, ESV).


-Definition: An individual who practices astrology, which involves foretelling events and gaining knowledge by studying the positions and movements of celestial objects.


- "Let the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee." (Isaiah 47:13, KJV)This verse refers to the astrologers and their inability to predict or prevent certain events.


-Definition: Astrology is the practice of interpreting celestial bodies, especially the stars and planets, in order to predict or determine human characteristics, events, or future outcomes.


- Isaiah 47:13 (NIV): "All the counsel you have received has only worn you out! Let your astrologers come forward, those stargazers who make predictions month by month, let them save you from what is coming upon you."

- Jeremiah 10:2 (NIV): "This is what the LORD says: Do not learn the ways of the nations or be terrified by signs in the heavens, though the nations are terrified by them."(Note: While astrology is mentioned in the Bible, it is often seen in a negative light as a practice that goes against the authority of God and His guidance.)


-Definition: Atonement is the act of reconciliation between God and humanity through the forgiveness of sins. It signifies the process of making amends or providing compensation for wrongdoing, thus restoring a harmonious relationship between an individual and God.


- Romans 5:11 (NIV)"Not only is this so, but we also boast in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation."

- 1 John 4:10 (NIV)"This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins."

Attributes Of God

-Definition: The attributes of God refer to the characteristics and qualities that are inherent to His nature. These attributes represent His perfect and unchanging nature, revealing His essential qualities and distinguishing Him from everything and everyone else.

-Mentions:1. "The LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness"

- Exodus 34:6 (ESV)2. "God is love"

- 1 John 4:8 (ESV)


-Definition: A term used to refer to a gold coin, specifically the Roman gold aureus, which was widely used during biblical times as a valuable form of currency.

-Mentions: "Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver." (Matthew 26:14

-15, New King James Version)


-Definition: In Jewish tradition, Azazel is a symbolic figure associated with the scapegoat in the Day of Atonement ritual. It represents the personification of all the sins and transgressions of the people, which were ceremoniously placed upon the goat and then released into the wilderness.

-Mentions: Leviticus 16:8

-10 states, "And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the Lord and use it as a sin offering, but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel shall be presented alive before the Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel."Note: The term "Azazel" also appears in other ancient texts outside of the Bible, including the Book of Enoch, where it refers to a fallen angel or demon. However, this definition focuses on its specific meaning within the context of the Day of Atonement ritual described in Leviticus.



-Definition: B.C. stands for "Before Christ" and refers to the time period before the birth of Jesus Christ. This notation is used to mark historical events that occurred prior to the estimated year of Christ's birth, which is considered to be the starting point of the Christian calendar.

-Mentions: No specific Bible verse mentions the term "B.C." since it is a dating system introduced centuries after the composition of the biblical texts. However, the concept of events occurring before the birth of Christ is implied throughout the Old Testament, as it covers the historical period that precedes the coming of Jesus.


-Definition: Baal refers to a Canaanite fertility god who was worshiped by various nations during biblical times. The name Baal means "lord" or "master," and he was believed to be in control of rain, storms, and agricultural fertility.


- 1 Kings 18:21 (NIV) – "Elijah went before the people and said, 'How long will you waver between two opinions? If the Lord is God, follow him; but if Baal is God, follow him.' But the people said nothing."


-Definition: A Christian sacrament or religious rite involving the application of water to a person, symbolizing purification, initiation into the faith, and admission into the church community.


- "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." (Matthew 28:19, ESV)

- "And now why do you wait? Rise and be baptized and wash away your sins, calling on his name." (Acts 22:16, ESV)


-Definition: A unit of liquid measurement in ancient Israel equivalent to approximately 22.7 liters or 6 gallons.


- "And he made the Sea of cast metal ten cubits from brim to brim, circular in form, and its height was five cubits, and thirty cubits in circumference. Under its brim were gourds, for ten cubits, compassing the sea all around. The gourds were in two rows, cast with it when it was cast. It stood on twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was set on them, and all their rear parts were inward. Its thickness was a handbreadth. And its brim was made like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily. It held two thousand baths." (1 Kings 7:23

-26, ESV)

- "And he made ten basins of bronze. Each basin held forty baths, each basin measured four cubits, and there was a basin for each of the ten stands." (1 Kings 7:38, ESV)


-Definition: Batos refers to a Greek unit of dry measure used in biblical times, equivalent to about six and a half gallons or around twenty

-four liters.

- Mentions: In the Gospel of John, it is mentioned during the wedding at Cana where Jesus turns water into wine. "Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty batos." (John 2:6, ESV)


-Definition: Beatitude refers to a state of deep spiritual joy, happiness, and blessedness that comes from being in a close relationship with God. It describes the blessed and fortunate conditions of those who live according to the teachings of Jesus Christ and seek a life of righteousness and faithfulness.

-Mentions: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." (Matthew 5:3, New International Version)


-Definition: Beelzebub, often translated as "Lord of the Flies," is a title associated with the prince or ruler of demons in Jewish and Christian traditions. This term is used to refer to a powerful demonic entity, often considered as a chief adversary of God.

-Mentions: In the New Testament, Beelzebub is mentioned in Matthew 12:24

-26, where the Pharisees accuse Jesus of casting out demons by the power of Beelzebub: "But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, 'It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.' Knowing their thoughts, he said to them, 'Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand?'"


-Definition: Beelzebul, also known as Beelzebub, is a term often used in the New Testament of the Bible to refer to the prince or ruler of demons. It is derived from the Hebrew word "Baal

-Zebub," meaning "lord of flies."

-Mentions: "But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, 'It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.'"

- Matthew 12:24 (ESV)


-Definition: Beersheba was an ancient city in southern Israel that held significant biblical importance. The name Beersheba can be translated as "Well of the Oath" or "Well of the Seven." It served as a vital settlement in the Old Testament period, often functioning as a border town between the territories of Israel and the surrounding regions.

-Mentions: Genesis 21:31

- "Therefore that place was called Beersheba, because there both of them swore an oath."


-Definition: "Behold" is an archaic English term derived from the Middle English word "beholden," meaning to keep or hold in view. In biblical context, it is used as an imperative verb to draw attention to something remarkable, often accompanied by a sense of awe, astonishment, or instruction.


- Genesis 1:29

- "And God said, 'Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.'"

- Isaiah 7:14

- "Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel."


-Definition: Belief refers to a strong conviction or acceptance of the truth of something, particularly in the religious context. It involves placing faith and trust in God, His Word, and His promises.


- "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16, ESV)

- "Jesus said to her, 'I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live.'" (John 11:25, ESV)


-Definition: A believer is a person who has faith and trust in God and accepts Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. They have a personal relationship with God and strive to follow His teachings and live according to His will.


- John 3:16 (NIV)

- "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life."Note: This verse emphasizes the significance of belief in Jesus as necessary for eternal life.


-Definition: The Bible refers to the holy book of Christianity, composed of the Old Testament and the New Testament. It is considered sacred scripture by Christians and is believed to contain the inspired word of God.


- "All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness;" (2 Timothy 3:16, NASB)

- "For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two

-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart." (Hebrews 4:12, NASB)

Biblia Hebraica (Kittel's and other later editions)

-Definition: The Biblia Hebraica is a critical edition of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) based on the Masoretic Text. It is a scholarly work that provides a standardized, reliable text of the Hebrew Scriptures.

-Mentions: Psalm 119:105

- "Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path." (Biblia Hebraica is a tool that helps illuminate the path through its accurate presentation of the Hebrew Bible.)

Biblical Greek

-Definition: Biblical Greek refers to the form of the Greek language that was used in the writing of the New Testament and other ancient Christian texts. It is a specifically Christian variant of the Greek language that incorporates certain terms and expressions often found in the Scriptures.

-Mentions: "And they came to Philip, who was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, 'Sir, we wish to see Jesus.'" (John 12:21, ESV)

Biblical Hebrew

-Definition: Biblical Hebrew refers to the ancient language in which most of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) was written. It is considered the classical form of the Hebrew language and is characterized by its unique morphology, vocabulary, and grammar.

-Mentions: "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth." (Genesis 1:1, ESV).

Biblical Theology

-Definition: Biblical Theology is a theological discipline that focuses on understanding and interpreting the teachings and themes presented throughout the Bible. It seeks to discern the overall message of the Bible and the theological concepts it communicates, while taking into account the historical and literary context.


- Romans 15:4

- "For everything that was written in the past was written to teach us, so that through the endurance taught in the Scriptures and the encouragement they provide we might have hope."

- 2 Timothy 3:16


- "All Scripture is God

-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work."


-Definition: Blasphemy refers to the act of disrespecting or speaking profanely against God or sacred things. It involves uttering impious or irreverent words that offend religious sentiments or show contempt for divine authority.


- "But whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven; they are guilty of an eternal sin."

- Mark 3:29 (NIV)

- "Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, 'He has blasphemed! Why do we still need witnesses? You have now heard the blasphemy.'"

- Matthew 26:65 (NIV)


-Definition: A divine favor, approval, or support bestowed upon a person, group, or nation by God. Blessings can take various forms, such as material prosperity, spiritual well

-being, or protection.


- Genesis 1:22

- "And God blessed them, saying, 'Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.'"

- Psalm 67:1

- "May God be gracious to us and bless us and make his face shine on us."

Body of Christ

-Definition: The phrase "Body of Christ" refers to the collective group of believers who have been spiritually united together as one in Christ Jesus. It signifies the idea of believers being interconnected and functioning as different parts of one body, with Christ as the head.

-Mentions: "Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it." (1 Corinthians 12:27, NIV)

Born Again

-Definition: Being "born again" refers to a spiritual rebirth or regeneration of a person's heart and soul, signifying a transformation in their relationship with God. It is a process by which one's old sinful nature is replaced with a new nature, through faith in Jesus Christ, resulting in a new life in Him.

-Mentions: "Jesus answered him, 'Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.'" (John 3:3, ESV)

Brazen Conduct

-Definition: Brazen conduct refers to behavior that is shameful, audacious, or lacking in appropriate modesty or respect.


- "Their deeds do not permit them to return to their God. For the spirit of prostitution is within them, and they do not know the Lord. Israel's arrogance testifies against them; the Israelites, even Ephraim, stumble in their sin; Judah also stumbles with them." (Hosea 5:4



-Definition: A decorative and symbolic piece of clothing worn by the high priest in ancient Israel. It was made of the same material as the ephod and worn over the heart, containing twelve precious stones, each representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The breastpiece also held the Urim and Thummim, which were used for seeking God's guidance.

-Mentions: "Bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue cord, so that the breastpiece is above the waistband of the ephod and does not come loose from the ephod. Aaron will bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment over his heart, when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them to regular remembrance before the Lord."

- Exodus 28:28

-29 (NIV)

Bride of Christ

-Definition: The term "Bride of Christ" refers to the collective body of believers in Jesus Christ who are seen as his beloved and cherished companion. This metaphor emphasizes the ultimate union and intimate relationship between Christ and his followers, symbolizing their redemption, purity, and eternal life.


- Revelation 19:7

-9 (NIV): "Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready. Fine linen, bright and clean, was given her to wear. (Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of God’s holy people.) Then the angel said to me, ‘Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!’ And he added, ‘These are the true words of God.’"



-Law Marriage

-Definition: Brother


-law marriage is a form of marriage where a widowed woman marries her deceased husband's brother. This practice was a cultural tradition in ancient times and was prevalent among various civilizations, including those mentioned in the Bible.


- Deuteronomy 25:5

-6 (NIV): "If brothers are living together and one of them dies without a son, his widow must not marry outside the family. Her husband’s brother shall take her and marry her and fulfill the duty of a brother


-law to her."


-Definition: The eighth month of the Hebrew lunar calendar, corresponding to part of October and part of November in the Gregorian calendar. It marks the beginning of the rainy season in ancient Israel.

-Mentions: "In the eleventh year, in the month of Bul, which is the eighth month, the house was finished in all its details and according to all its plans."

- 1 Kings 6:38 (NIV)

Burnt Offering

-Definition: A sacrificial offering in which an entire animal is burnt on the altar as an offering to God, symbolizing total surrender and atonement for sin.

-Mentions: Leviticus 1:9

- "The priest shall then burn all of it on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a pleasing aroma to the LORD."



-Definition: A small enclosed space or compartment.


- Exodus 25:11


- "Overlay it with pure gold, inside and out, and make a gold molding around it. Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them to its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other. Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry it."


-Definition: In the Bible, Caesar refers to the title of the Roman Emperor during the time of Jesus Christ. The word "Caesar" is derived from the Roman family name Julius Caesar and became a title used to designate the ruling emperor of Rome.

-Mentions: "And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered." (Luke 2:1, NKJV)


-Definition: The ancient land situated in the eastern Mediterranean region, which includes parts of present

-day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, and Jordan. Canaan was the Promised Land given by God to the descendants of Abraham.


- "The LORD said to Abram, 'Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.' So Abram went, as the LORD had told him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy

-five years old when he departed from Haran. And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people that they had acquired in Haran, and they set out to go to the land of Canaan."

- Genesis 12:1



-Definition: The term "canon" refers to the collection of sacred texts accepted as authoritative and divinely inspired by a religious community, such as the Bible.

-Mentions: "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness"

- 2 Timothy 3:16


-Definition: The term "canon" refers to the collection of sacred texts accepted as authoritative and divinely inspired by a religious community, such as the Bible.

-Mentions: "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness"

- 2 Timothy 3:16

Canon (Bible Canon)

-Definition: The term "Canon" refers to the collection of books that are considered authoritative and inspired by God, forming the official scriptural text of the Bible.


- 2 Timothy 3:16

-17 (NIV)

- "All Scripture is God

-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work."

- Revelation 22:18

-19 (NIV)

- "I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this scroll: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to that person the plagues described in this scroll. And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll."


-Definition: A term used in the Bible to refer to both a city that serves as the seat of government and a principal or superior city within a region.


- "Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah and went wherever they could go. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he gave up the pursuit. And David remained in the strongholds in the wilderness, in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. Saul sought him every day, but God did not give him into his hand. David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh. And Jonathan, Saul's son, rose and went to David at Horesh, and strengthened his hand in God. And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. Saul my father also knows this.” And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home." (1 Samuel 23:13

-18, ESV)


-Definition: A fragrant spice derived from the bark of an aromatic tree, typically used for its pleasant scent or as an ingredient in perfumes and incense.

-Mentions: "All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad." (Psalm 45:8, NIV)


-Definition: A high

-ranking Roman military officer commanding a century of soldiers, equivalent to approximately 80 to 100 men.

-Mentions: 1. "When the centurion and those with him, who were guarding Jesus, saw the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified, and exclaimed, 'Surely he was the Son of God!'" (Matthew 27:54, NIV).2. "But the centurion, instead of carrying out orders, worked to get Paul off the hook. He got the centurion in charge to change his mind and let Paul and the others off. He told him there was no way they could risk their lives on a seaworthy ship." (Acts 27:43, The Message).


-Definition: refers to the inedible outer husks of cereal grains, such as wheat, that are separated during the threshing process. It is lightweight and easily blown away by the wind.


- "The ungodly are not so, but are like chaff which the wind drives away." (Psalm 1:4, NKJV)

- "His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire." (Matthew 3:12, NKJV


-Definition: An ancient region in Mesopotamia, located in modern

-day southern Iraq, known for its influential civilization and astrology practices.


- Genesis 11:28 (NIV)

- "While his father Terah was still alive, Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, in the land of his birth."


-Definition: The Chaldeans were a prominent ancient people who originated in the region of southern Mesopotamia. They are often associated with the Neo

-Babylonian Empire and known for their advanced knowledge in astronomy and astrology.

-Mentions: "In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the vessels of the house of God. And he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and placed the vessels in the treasury of his god. Then the king commanded Ashpenaz, his chief eunuch, to bring some of the people of Israel, both of the royal family and of the nobility, youths without blemish, of good appearance and skillful in all wisdom, endowed with knowledge, understanding learning, and competent to stand in the king's palace, and to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans."

- Daniel 1:1

-4 (ESV)


-Definition: A horse

-drawn vehicle, typically used in ancient times for transportation and warfare.


- Genesis 41:43

- "And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt."

- 2 Kings 2:11

- "And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven."


-Definition: A term used to describe individuals, groups, or movements within Christianity that emphasize the gifts of the Holy Spirit, such as speaking in tongues, prophecy, healing, and spiritual manifestations.

-Mentions: 1. "To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues." (1 Corinthians 12:7

-10, ESV)(Note: While the specific term "charismatic" may not be used in scriptures, this verse demonstrates the presence of spiritual gifts and manifestations within the Christian community.)


-Definition: Chemosh was the chief deity of the Moabites, an ancient nation neighboring Israel. The name is derived from the Hebrew word meaning "destroyer" or "subduer." Chemosh was often depicted as a god of war, agricultural fertility, and national prosperity.

-Mentions: "Because Chemosh, the god of Moab, has been angry since you withdrew from him, his wrath has descended on you and your troops" (2 Kings 3:27, NIV).


-Definition: A type of angelic being often depicted as a winged creature with a human face or infant

-like appearance. Cherubs are associated with the presence of God and symbolize divine protection and guardianship.

-Mentions: 1. Genesis 3:24 (NIV)"After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life."2. Exodus 25:18

-20 (NIV)"And make two cherubim out of hammered gold at the ends of the cover. Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; make the cherubim of one piece with the cover, at the two ends. The cherubim are to have their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim are to face each other, looking toward the cover."


-Definition: Cherubim are celestial beings mentioned in the Bible, often depicted as winged creatures. They are described as having multiple faces and having both human and animal attributes. Cherubim are associated with God's divine presence and are often depicted as guarding God's throne or the entrance to sacred places.

-Mentions: Ezekiel 10:14

- "And every one had four faces: the first face was the face of a cherub, and the second face was the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle."


-Definition: Cherubs refer to divine beings or angels associated with the presence and worship of God. They are commonly depicted as winged creatures with human or childlike faces. In the Bible, they are often portrayed as guardians of sacred spaces or objects.

-Mentions: Ezekiel 10:1

-22 describes the prophet's vision of the cherubim as accompanying the divine chariot. In Exodus 25:18

-22, the Lord commands Moses to make two golden cherubim as part of the mercy seat for the Ark of the Covenant.

Chief Agent

-Definition: The term "chief agent" refers to a person appointed with authority to carry out an important task or represent someone in a prominent position. In the context of the Bible, it often refers to an individual chosen by God to fulfill His divine plans or as a spokesperson for His message.


- Judges 6:34: "But the Spirit of the Lord clothed Gideon, and he sounded the trumpet, and the Abiezrites were called out to follow him."

- Acts 9:15: "But the Lord said to him, 'Go, for he is a chosen instrument of mine to carry my name before the Gentiles and kings and the children of Israel.'"Please let me know if you need further assistance!

Chief Priest

-Definition: The Chief Priest, also known as the High Priest, was the highest

-ranking religious official in ancient Israel. This position held significant authority and responsibility in overseeing the religious activities, including offering sacrifices and leading the worship in the Tabernacle or Temple.

-Mentions: Hebrews 5:1

- "For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins."


-Definition: Chislev is the third month of the Hebrew lunar calendar, approximately corresponding to November

-December in the Gregorian calendar.

-Mentions: "In the month of Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capital..."

- Nehemiah 1:1 (ESV)


-Definition: A unit of measure used for grain in the Bible.

-Mentions: In Luke 12:6, Jesus refers to the value of sparrows saying, "Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies? Yet not one of them is forgotten by God." The word "pennies" in this verse is translated from the Greek word "Choenix," indicating a specific monetary value.


-Definition: The title given to Jesus of Nazareth, which means "Anointed One" or "Messiah." It signifies that Jesus is the promised Savior and Redeemer of humanity in Christian belief.


- Matthew 16:16: Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

- John 20:31: But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.


-Definition: A follower or believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings.


- "And when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. So, for a whole year Barnabas and Saul met with the church and taught great numbers of people. The disciples were called Christians first at Antioch." (Acts 11:26, NIV)

- "However, if you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God that you bear that name." (1 Peter 4:16, NIV)

Christian Greek Scriptures

-Definition: The Christian Greek Scriptures refers to the second section of the Christian Bible, also known as the New Testament. It is written in Greek and contains the teachings, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as well as the letters and writings of early Christian leaders.


- Matthew 26:28

- "for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins."


-Definition: The term "church" refers to a group of believers who gather together for worship, fellowship, and the study of God's Word. It can also refer to a specific building or place of worship.


- Matthew 16:18 (NIV)

- "And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it."

- Ephesians 5:25 (NIV)

-- "Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her."


-Definition: The act of removing the foreskin, the fold of skin covering the tip of male genitalia, as a religious or cultural practice.

-Mentions:Genesis 17:10


- "This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner—those who are not your offspring. Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant."

Cities Of Refuge

-Definition: Cities designated in the Old Testament where individuals who unintentionally committed manslaughter could flee for protection from avengers seeking vengeance. These cities served as a place of sanctuary until a fair trial could be held.


- Numbers 35:6: "Six of the towns you give the Levites will be cities of refuge, to which a person who has killed someone may flee. In addition, give them forty

-two other towns."

City of David

-Definition: The City of David refers to the ancient fortified city located on the southeastern ridge of Jerusalem. It is believed to be the original settlement where King David established his capital and where King Solomon later built the First Temple.

-Mentions:"So David dwelt in the stronghold, and called it the City of David. David built all around from the Millo and inward."(2 Samuel 5:9, NKJV)

City of God

-Definition: The "City of God" refers to the heavenly kingdom of God, which represents the ultimate and eternal dwelling place of God and His redeemed people. It is a place of perfect peace, harmony, and the presence of God.

-Mentions:"But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering." (Hebrews 12:22, ESV)


-Definition: Pure; free from dirt, contamination, or guilt.


- "Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me." (Psalm 51:10, ESV)

- "Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow." (Psalm 51:7b, ESV)

Clean, Unclean

-Definition: Refers to the ceremonial and moral state of being ritually pure or impure according to the laws given in the Old Testament. Cleanliness was required for participating in various religious activities and maintaining a state of holiness.


- Leviticus 11:47: "To make a distinction between the unclean and the clean and between the living creatures that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten."

- Leviticus 20:25: "You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds. Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground

-those that I have set apart as unclean for you."

Codex Alexandrinus

-Definition: A fifth

-century manuscript of the Greek Bible, specifically the Old Testament and the New Testament, which was preserved in the British Library. It is one of the most important early manuscripts of the Bible.

- Mentions: 2 Chronicles 5:10

- "There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets that Moses put there at Horeb, where the Lord made a covenant with the Israelites after they came out of Egypt."

Codex Sinaiticus

-Definition: Written with italic.

- Mentions: Luke 11:4

- "And forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation." (Codex Sinaiticus is one of the oldest complete copies of the New Testament, which includes the mentioned verse.)

Codex Vaticanus

-Definition: Written with italic

- Mentions: Luke 3:19

- But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch because of his marriage to Herodias, his brother's wife, and all the other evil things he had done.

Communion Offering

-Definition: The Communion Offering, also known as the Fellowship Offering, was a type of sacrifice made by the Israelites in the Old Testament as a symbol of fellowship and thanksgiving towards God. This offering was distinct from other sacrifices by its communal nature, as it involved the sharing of food between the offerer, the priest, and sometimes the worshipers.

- Mentions:

- Leviticus 3:1


- "If someone’s offering is a fellowship offering, and he offers an animal from the herd, whether male or female, he is to present before the Lord an animal without defect."

- Leviticus 7:11


- "These are the regulations for the fellowship offering anyone may present to the Lord."

Conclusion Of The System Of Things

-Definition: The term "Conclusion Of The System Of Things" refers to the end or completion of the present age or world, as depicted in the Bible. It signifies the ultimate culmination of human history, including the final judgment and the establishment of God's Kingdom.

- Mentions:

- Matthew 13:39: "The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels."

- 2 Timothy 3:1: "But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come."Note: The term "Conclusion Of The System Of Things" is primarily associated with Jehovah's Witnesses, who interpret it to represent a specific period of time marking the great tribulation and the subsequent establishment of God's Kingdom on earth.


-Definition: A concubine is a woman who lives in a marriage

-like relationship with a man but holds a lower social status compared to a legal wife. She is not considered a full wife and is often considered as a secondary partner.

-Mentions: In Genesis 22:24, Abraham's concubine, whose name was Keturah, is mentioned: "His concubine, whose name was Reumah, bore him also Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah."In 2 Samuel 5:13, it is mentioned that King David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem after he became king: "And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David."Note: The concept of concubines, their roles, and societal norms surrounding them have varied over time and across different cultures.


-Definition: A group of people who come together for worship, prayer, or religious study.

-Mentions: Acts 2:42

- "They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer."

Coptic Translations

-Definition: Coptic Translations refer to the ancient translations of the Bible into the Coptic language, which was spoken in Egypt during the early centuries. These translations include the Old and New Testaments and provide valuable historical and linguistic insights into biblical texts.


- Acts 6:9

- "But some men from what was called the Synagogue of the Freedmen, including both Cyrenians and Alexandrians, and some from Cilicia and Asia, rose up and argued with Stephen."

- Acts 18:24

- "Now a Jew named Apollos, an Alexandrian by birth, who was well spoken of with respect to his knowledge of the Scriptures, came to Ephesus."


-Definition: A person who meticulously transcribes and duplicates written texts, particularly the books of the Bible, often by hand.


- Nehemiah 8:8 (NIV)

- "But some men from what was called the Synagogue of the Freedmen, including both Cyrenians and Alexandrians, and some from Cilicia and Asia, rose up and argued with Stephen."

- Acts 18:24

- "They read from the Book of the Law of God, making it clear and giving the meaning so that the people understood what was being read."

- Jeremiah 36:32 (NIV)

- "So Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to the scribe Baruch son of Neriah, and as Jeremiah dictated, Baruch wrote on it all the words of the scroll that Jehoiakim king of Judah had burned in the fire. And many similar words were added to them."


-Definition: The "cor" is a unit of measurement used in ancient times to measure grain or other dry goods. It is equivalent to about 220 liters or 6 bushels.


- "And Solomon's provision for one day was thirty cors of fine flour, and sixty cors of meal" (1 Kings 4:22, ESV).


-Definition: A hard, colorful, marine organism composed chiefly of calcium carbonate secreted by certain creatures.

-Mentions: "Coral and jasper are not worthy of mention; the price of wisdom is beyond rubies." (Job 28:18, NIV)


-Definition: A term referring to consecrated wealth or property that was dedicated to God and therefore unavailable for personal use.


- Mark 7:11 "But you say that if anyone declares that what might have been used to help their father or mother is Corban (that is, devoted to God)—"

- Mark 7:12 "then you no longer let them do anything for their father or mother."


-Definition: The cornerstone refers to the foundational stone that is laid at the corner of a building. It serves as a reference point and provides stability for the entire structure. In a metaphorical sense, the cornerstone symbolizes Jesus Christ, the crucial and foundational element in the faith of Christianity.


- "The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone."

- Psalm 118:22 (ESV)

- "So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone."

- Ephesians 2:19

-20 (ESV)


-Definition: The courtyard refers to an open space or an enclosed area typically found within the boundaries of a building complex. In biblical terms, it often represents the outer area of the temple or tabernacle where various activities, such as sacrifices, worship, gatherings, and other ceremonial events took place.


- Exodus 27:9


- "You shall also make the courtyard of the tabernacle. On the south side there shall be hangings for the courtyard of fine twined linen a hundred cubits long for one side."

- Mark 14:54

- "And Peter had followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. And he was sitting with the guards and warming himself at the fire."


-Definition: A solemn agreement or contract between God and His people, typically accompanied by specific promises, obligations, and conditions.

-Mentions: Genesis 9:16: "Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth." (NIV)


-Definition: The act of bringing into existence the universe, the earth, and all living things by the divine power of God.

-Mentions: Genesis 1:1

- "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."


-Definition: A statement of belief or a formal summary of religious doctrine.

-Mentions: "For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures." (1 Corinthians 15:3

-4, NIV)


-Definition:- A cross is a symbol or an object that represents the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It consists of a vertical line intersecting a shorter horizontal line near the top.


- "Then Jesus said to his disciples, 'Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.'" (Matthew 16:24, NIV)

- "May I never boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world." (Galatians 6:14, NIV)


-Definition: To put to death by nailing or binding to a cross, a form of execution commonly used in ancient times.

-Mentions: "But they cried out, 'Away with him, away with him, crucify him!' Pilate said to them, 'Shall I crucify your King?' The chief priests answered, 'We have no king but Caesar.'" (John 19:15, ESV)


-Definition: A unit of measurement commonly used in biblical times, equivalent to the distance from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. It was typically around 18 inches or 45.72 centimeters long.

-Mentions: Exodus 25:10

- "Make an ark of acacia wood—two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high."


-Definition: A religious or social group with deviant beliefs or practices, often characterized by strong control over its members and a charismatic leader.


- "For such people are false apostles, deceitful workers, masquerading as apostles of Christ. And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not surprising, then, if his servants also masquerade as servants of righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve." (2 Corinthians 11:13

-15, NIV)

- "Now the Spirit speaks expressly that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils." (1 Timothy 4:1, KJV)


-Definition: Cummin is a pungent, aromatic herb that belongs to the parsley family. It produces small, white flowers and its seeds are used for culinary purposes and in traditional medicine.


- Isaiah 28:25


- "When he has leveled its surface, does he not sow caraway and scatter cummin? Does he not plant wheat in its place, barley in its plot, and spelt in its field? His God instructs him and teaches him the right way."


-Definition: A supernatural pronouncement of harm or punishment upon someone or something, often considered as a result of divine judgment or wrath.


- Genesis 3:14

- "So the LORD God said to the serpent, 'Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.'"

- Galatians 3:10

- "For all who rely on the works of the law are under a curse, as it is written: 'Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.'"


-Definition: A piece of fabric or material that is hung up to divide or conceal an area.

-Mentions: Exodus 26:31


- "You are to make a veil of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and finely spun linen, with a design of cherubim worked into it."



-Definition: Dagon was a Philistine god, often depicted as a fish

-like deity. He was worshiped in cities such as Ashdod and Gaza.

-Mentions: 1 Samuel 5:2


- "Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it into the house of Dagon and set it up beside Dagon... When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, behold, Dagon had fallen face downward on the ground before the ark of the Lord."


-Definition: The state of being condemned or sentenced to eternal punishment for one's sins. Damnation speaks of the final judgment and eternal separation from God, often associated with the concept of Hell.


- 2 Thessalonians 1:9

- "They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might."Please note that interpretations of biblical concepts may vary.


-Definition: A type of gold coin used as currency in Persia during biblical times.

-Mentions: "Now Jehoiada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests; Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; Zabud the son of Nathan was priest and king's friend; Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram the son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor. Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household. Each man had to make provision for one month in the year. These were their names: Ben

-hur, in the hill country of Ephraim; Ben

-deker, in Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth

-shemesh, and Elonbeth

-hanan; Ben

-hesed, in Arubboth (to him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher); Ben

-abinadab, in all Naphath

-dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon as his wife); Baana the son of Ahilud, in Taanach, Megiddo, and all Beth

-shean that is beside Zarethan below Jezreel, and from Beth

-shean to Abel

-meholah, as far as the other side of Jokmeam; Ben

-geber, in Ramoth

-gilead (he had the villages of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead, and he had the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and bronze bars); Ahinadab the son of Iddo, in Mahanaim; Ahimaaz, in Naphtali (he also married Basemath the daughter of Solomon); Baana the son of Hushai, in Asher and Bealoth; Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar; Shimei the son of Ela, in Benjamin; Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan. And there was one governor who was over the land." (1 Kings 4:4



-Definition: A type of weed or grass that closely resembles wheat.

-Mentions: "Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn." (Matthew 13:30, NIV)

Day Of Atonement

-Definition: The Day of Atonement, also known as Yom Kippur, is a significant observance in the Jewish religion. It is a holy day set aside for repentance, fasting, and seeking forgiveness for sins committed throughout the year. The day is marked by deep reflection, prayers, and ceremonies, as individuals and the community collectively seek to reconcile with God and one another.


- Leviticus 16:29

-30 (NIV)

- "This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month you must deny yourselves and not do any work—whether native

-born or a foreigner residing among you—because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the Lord, you will be clean from all your sins."

- Leviticus 23:27 (NIV)

- "The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present a food offering to the Lord."

Day of the Lord

-Definition: The Day of the Lord refers to a future event mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments. It points to a time of judgment and wrath of God that will come upon the world, often associated with the return of Jesus Christ to establish His kingdom and bring about the ultimate fulfillment of God's plan for humanity.

-Mentions: "The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes." (Joel 2:31, ESV)(Note: The phrase "Day of the Lord" is used in various contexts throughout the Bible, so there are other relevant verses as well.)


-Definition: Refers to a celestial body, typically Venus or the morning star, that appears in the sky before sunrise. In a metaphorical sense, it can also symbolize Jesus Christ, representing the light that guides and illumines the way of believers.

-Mentions: 1. "We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star [daystar] rises in your hearts."

- 2 Peter 1:19 (NIV)2. "I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star [daystar]."

- Revelation 22:16 (NIV)


-Definition: In the Bible, a deacon is a servant or minister who is appointed to serve and assist the needs of the church congregation. Deacons typically have roles in areas such as practical and administrative tasks, caring for the poor and needy, and supporting the church leadership.

Dead Sea Scrolls

-Definition: The Dead Sea Scrolls refer to a collection of Jewish texts discovered between 1947 and 1956 near the Dead Sea. These ancient manuscripts provide important insights into Jewish religious and sectarian practices during the Second Temple Period (538 BC

- 70 AD).

-Mentions: While the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves do not mention the term explicitly, they contain various texts that shed light on the customs, beliefs, and teachings of Judaism during the time of the Bible. One such example is found in the book of Psalms (specifically, Psalm 37:11), which echoes sentiments found in some of the Dead Sea Scrolls.


-Definition: Death refers to the cessation of life, the separation of the body and spirit, or the end of physical existence. It is the state of being dead or no longer alive.

-Mentions: While the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves do not mention the -Mentions: "For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord." (Romans 6:23, ESV)


-Definition: A group of ten cities situated in the southeastern part of the Roman province of Syria, likely founded during the time of Alexander the Great.

-Mentions: "Then great crowds came to Him, having with them the lame, blind, mute, maimed, and many others; and they laid them down at Jesus’ feet, and He healed them. So the multitude marveled when they saw the mute speaking, the maimed made whole, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel. Now Jesus called His disciples to Himself and said, 'I have compassion on the multitude, because they have now continued with Me three days and have nothing to eat. And I do not want to send them away hungry, lest they faint on the way.' Then His disciples said to Him, 'Where could we get enough bread in the wilderness to fill such a great multitude?' Jesus said to them, 'How many loaves do you have?' And they said, 'Seven, and a few little fish.' So He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground. And He took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks, broke them and gave them to His disciples; and the disciples gave to the multitude. So they all ate and were filled, and they took up seven large baskets full of the fragments that were left. Now those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. And He sent away the multitude, got into the boat, and came to the region of Magdala."

- Matthew 15:30


Dedication, Holy Sign Of

-Definition: The Holy Sign of Dedication refers to a symbolic act in which an object or location is consecrated and set apart exclusively for the worship and service of God. It is an act of devotion and commitment to sacred purposes.

-Mentions: 1. "Then the temple was dedicated with joy, for the Lord had filled it with gladness."

- 2 Chronicles 7:10

Definite Article

-Definition: The definite article refers to the word "the" in the English language. It is used before a noun to specify that the noun is known to the reader or listener, or to refer to something specific.


- Matthew 6:9: "This, then, is how you should pray: 'Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.'"

- John 1:29: "The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, 'Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!'"

- Ephesians 2:8: "For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God—"

Deity Of Christ

-Definition: The belief that Jesus Christ is fully divine and equal with God the Father, possessing all the attributes and characteristics of God.

-Mentions: John 1:1

- "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God."


-Definition: A malevolent spiritual being associated with Satan and believed to possess the ability to possess humans and cause suffering or evil.


- Matthew 8:16 (NIV)

- "When evening came, many who were demon

-possessed were brought to him, and he drove out the spirits with a word and healed all the sick."

- Mark 1:34 (NIV)

- "And Jesus healed many who had various diseases. He also drove out many demons, but he would not let the demons speak because they knew who he was."


-Definition: Denarii is a form of currency used during Biblical times in the Roman Empire. A silver coin, it was considered a day's wage for a laborer, making it a valuable monetary unit.

-Mentions: In Matthew 20:1

-16, Jesus teaches a parable about workers in a vineyard who are hired at different times throughout the day. In verse 2, it is mentioned that the landowner agrees to pay the workers a denarius for their day's work.


-Definition: The denarius was a silver coin that was widely used in the Roman Empire during the time of Jesus. It was equivalent to a day's wage for a laborer.

-Mentions: In Matthew 20:2, Jesus tells a parable about a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. He agreed to pay the workers a denarius for their day's labor.


-Definition: Refers to a collection of books found in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, which are not recognized as canonical by all branches of Judaism and Protestant Christianity. These books are accepted as canonical by the Catholic and Orthodox Christian traditions, and include Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), Baruch, and First and Second Maccabees, as well as additional sections to the books of Esther and Daniel.


- Wisdom of Solomon 3:1


- "But the souls of the righteous are in the hand of God, and no torment will ever touch them. In the eyes of the foolish they seemed to have died, and their departure was thought to be an affliction."


-Definition: The Devil, also known as Satan, is a supernatural being who is the embodiment of evil and the enemy of God and all that is righteous. He is described as the ruler of Hell and the leader of fallen angels, opposed to the ways of God and actively working to deceive and tempt humanity.


- "Be alert and of sober mind. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour." (1 Peter 5:8, NIV)


- "Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you." (James 4:7, NIV)


-Definition: A silver coin worth two drachmas, commonly used in ancient Greece and Rome.

-Mentions: "When they came to Capernaum, the collectors of the two

-drachma tax went up to Peter and said, 'Does your teacher not pay the tax?'" (Matthew 17:24, ESV)


-Definition: Small or tiny in size or stature; indicating a smaller or lesser degree of an object or quality.


- "But I am especially torn by the thought of someone dear to me who eats food offered to idols. So if what I eat causes another believer to sin, I will never eat meat again as long as I live—for I don’t want to cause another believer to stumble."

- 1 Corinthians 8:13 (NLT)

- "Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and many went up from the country to Jerusalem before the Passover to purify themselves. They were looking for Jesus and saying to one another as they stood in the temple, 'What do you think? That he will not come to the feast at all?' Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that if anyone knew where he was, he should let them know, so that they might arrest him."

- John 11:55

-57 (ESV)


-Definition: Roman Emperor from 284 to 305 AD, known for his strict persecution of Christians.

-Mentions: Diocletian is not directly mentioned in the Bible.


-Definition: The director refers to a leader or supervisor who oversees and guides the actions and affairs of a particular group or organization.


- "And the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brothers Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari, their brothers, Ethan the son of Kushaiah; and with them their brothers of the second order, Zechariah, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, and Mikneiah, and the gatekeepers Obed

-edom and Jeiel. The singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were appointed to sound bronze cymbals; Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah, and Benaiah were appointed to play harps; and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed

-edom, Jeiel, and Azaziah were appointed to lead with lyres according to the Alamoth." (1 Chronicles 15:17

-20, ESV)Note: This verse mentions leaders who were appointed to guide and lead in their respective roles.


-Definition: A mournful song, poem, or hymn expressing grief or sorrow for the dead.


- "Now David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites. (These were the people who had inhabited the land from ancient times, as far as Shur, even as far as the land of Egypt.) Whenever David attacked the land, he left neither man nor woman alive, but took away the sheep, the oxen, the donkeys, the camels, and the clothes. Then he returned and came to Achish. Now Achish said, 'Where have you made a raid today?' And David said, 'Against the Negev of Judah, or against the Negev of the Jerahmeelites, or against the Negev of the Kenites.' David did not leave a man or a woman alive to bring to Gath, saying, 'Otherwise, they will tell on us, saying, "So David has done." This is his practice all the time he lives in the country of the Philistines.' So Achish believed David, saying, 'He has undoubtedly made himself odious among his people Israel; therefore he will become my servant forever.'"

-1 Samuel 27:8



-Definition: Discipleship refers to the process of following and learning from someone who is considered a teacher or a mentor, particularly in a religious or spiritual context. In Christianity, discipleship involves committing oneself to following Jesus Christ, learning from His teachings and example, and actively seeking to live out His teachings in one's own life.

-Mentions: "Then he said to them all: 'Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross daily and follow me.'" (Luke 9:23, NIV)


-Definition: Dispensationalism is a theological framework that divides the history of God's relationship with humanity into distinct periods, or dispensations, which are characterized by different ways in which God deals with mankind. It suggests that God has specific plans and purposes for each dispensation, and that different rules apply to each period. Dispensationalism emphasizes the literal interpretation of Scripture.


- "For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace." (Isaiah 9:6, ESV)


-Definition: A tool used for spinning flax or wool, consisting of a long staff with a notch at one end to hold the fiber and a weight at the other end to help with the spinning process.

-Mentions: Proverbs 31:19

- "She puts her hands to the distaff, and her fingers hold the spindle."


-Definition: Divination refers to the practice of seeking supernatural knowledge or guidance through various methods, such as interpreting signs or omens, consulting spirits, or utilizing magical rituals or tools.


-Definition: Divination refers to the practice of seeking supernatural knowledge or guidance through various methods, such as interpreting signs or omens, consulting spirits, or utilizing magical rituals or tools.

- Leviticus 19:26 (NIV)

- "Do not practice divination or seek omens."

- Deuteronomy 18:10

-12 (NIV)

- "Let no one be found among you who sacrifices their son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead."

- Acts 16:16 (NIV)

- "Once when we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a female slave who had a spirit by which she predicted the future. She earned a great deal of money for her owners by fortune



-Definition: A set of beliefs or teachings that provides guidance for conduct and understanding of spiritual truth.

-Mentions: "All Scripture is God

-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness" (2 Timothy 3:16, NIV).


-Definition: A set of principles or doctrines that are authoritatively taught or believed to be true within a religious system.


- "But you must speak what is consistent with sound teaching. Older men are to be self

-controlled, worthy of respect, sensible, and sound in faith, love, and endurance."

- Titus 2:1 (NRSV)

- "Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession."

- Hebrews 3:1 (NRSV)


-Definition: A formal expression of praise or glorification to God, commonly expressed as a hymn or prayer.


- "For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen."

- Romans 11:36 (NIV)

- "To our God and Father be glory forever and ever. Amen."

- Philippians 4:20 (NIV)


-Definition: A silver coin used as currency in the ancient Greek and Roman world, equivalent to the weight of six obols.

-Mentions: "Or suppose a woman has ten silver coins and loses one. Doesn't she light a lamp, sweep the house and search carefully until she finds it?" (Luke 15:8, NIV)

Drink Offering

-Definition: A drink offering was a ceremonial offering of wine or liquid poured out as an offering to God. It was typically poured on a sacrificial offering or directly onto an altar. The drink offering was an important part of various religious ceremonies and symbolized dedication, gratitude, or supplication to God.


- Numbers 15:5

- "And you shall offer a drink offering, a third of a hin, of wine, as a food offering, a pleasing aroma to the Lord."

- Philippians 2:17

- "Even if I am to be poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrificial offering of your faith, I am glad and rejoice with you all."



-Definition: Edom refers to a region and a people in biblical times. It encompassed the territory southeast of Judea and was primarily inhabited by the descendants of Esau, the brother of Jacob. Edom is often associated with the color red, which signified their ancestor's nickname, Esau, meaning "red."

-Mentions: "But I have hated Esau and have laid waste his hill country and left his heritage to jackals of the desert." (Malachi 1:3, ESV)




-Definition: El


-Israel is a Hebrew term that means "God, the God of Israel." It refers to the divine name given to Jacob in the book of Genesis (32:28) when he wrestled with a mysterious being. This name is a reminder of Jacob's transformative encounter and signifies his new identity as one who has prevailed with God.

-Mentions: Genesis 32:28

- "Then the man said, 'Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.'"


-Definition: An elder refers to an older man who holds a position of authority or leadership within a community or religious group, often associated with wisdom and experience.


- 1 Timothy 5:1

-2 (NIV): "Do not rebuke an older man harshly, but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity."


-Definition: The Biblical concept of election refers to God's choosing of individuals or groups for a particular purpose or destiny. It is an act of divine sovereignty wherein God selects or appoints certain individuals or nations to fulfill His will.


- Romans 9:11 (NIV)

- "Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand."


-Definition: The sixth month of the Jewish calendar, which occurs in late summer/early autumn. Elul is a significant month of preparation and repentance leading up to the Jewish High Holidays.

-Mentions: "Go, assemble all the Jews who can be found in Susa, and fast for me. Do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I and my attendants will fast as you do. When this is done, I will go to the king, even though it is against the law. And if I perish, I perish."

- Esther 4:16


-Definition: A unit of dry measure in the Old Testament, approximately equivalent to a bushel or a tenth of an homer.

-Mentions: "But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God. Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel." (Hosea 1:7

-11, KJV)


-Definition: An ancient city located in present

-day Turkey, known for its important role in the early Christian church and as the site of one of the seven churches mentioned in the book of Revelation.

-Mentions: Ephesus is mentioned several times in the Bible, including in the book of Acts. One notable mention is in Acts 19:1

-41, where the apostle Paul visits the city and delivers the message of Christ, which leads to the conversion of many Ephesians.


-Definition: An apron

-like garment typically made of linen and worn by the high priest of Israel. It was adorned with precious gemstones and was an important part of the priestly attire during religious ceremonies.

-Mentions: "And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. You shall speak to all the skillful, whom I have filled with a spirit of skill, that they make Aaron's garments to consecrate him for my priesthood. These are the garments that they shall make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a coat of checker work, a turban, and a sash."

- Exodus 28:2

-4 (ESV)


-Definition: A tribe in Israel, descended from Joseph's son Ephraim, and also used to refer to the northern kingdom of Israel, which consisted mainly of the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh.

-Mentions: "And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction." (Genesis 41:52, KJV)

Epicurean Philosophers

-Definition: Epicurean Philosophers were a philosophical group in ancient Greece founded by Epicurus. They believed that the pursuit of pleasure and the avoidance of pain were the ultimate goals in life. Epicureans emphasized the importance of friendship, simple pleasures, and the absence of fear or anxiety. They rejected the idea of an afterlife and focused on seeking happiness and tranquility in the present life.


- Acts 17:18

- "Some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers also conversed with him. Some said, 'What does this babbler wish to say?' Others said, 'He seems to be a preacher of foreign divinities'—because he was preaching Jesus and the resurrection."

Erasmus’ Greek Text

-Definition: Erasmus’ Greek Text refers to a critical edition of the Greek New Testament compiled by Desiderius Erasmus in the 16th century. This version became influential in the development of subsequent Biblical translations.

-Mentions: One example where Erasmus' Greek Text is used is in 2 Timothy 3:16: "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness." (ESV)


-Definition: Eschatology is the branch of theology that deals with the final events of history, especially concerning the ultimate destiny of humankind. It explores concepts such as death, judgment, heaven, hell, and the end times.


- Revelation 20:11

-15: "Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. From his presence earth and sky fled away, and no place was found for them. And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done. And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead who were in them, and they were judged, each one of them, according to what they had done. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire."

Eternal Life

-Definition: Eternal life refers to the everlasting, divine existence granted to believers by God. It is the blessed state of never

-ending spiritual existence in communion with God, experienced after physical death. Eternal life is a gift given solely by God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ.


- John 3:16 (NIV)

- "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life."


-Definition: Eternity refers to infinite or everlasting time, without a beginning or an end. It points to the timeless nature of God and the eternal existence of souls.


- "Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God." (Psalm 90:2, NIV)

- "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16, NIV)


-Definition: The month of Ethanim is the seventh month in the Hebrew calendar, which corresponds to the months of September to October in the Gregorian calendar.

-Mentions: "The temple that King Solomon built for the Lord was thirty cubits long, fifteen wide, and twenty high. The porch in front of the main hall of the temple was thirty cubits long, corresponding to the width of the temple, and ten cubits deep, corresponding to its depth. The main hall of the temple, which stood in front of the inner sanctuary, was sixty cubits long. He overlaid the inside with pure gold." (1 Kings 6:2



-Definition: A region located in northeastern Africa, historically known for its ancient civilization and involvement in various biblical events.

-Mentions: Acts 8:26

-40 "Then an angel of the Lord said to Philip, 'Go south to the road—the desert road—that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza.' So he started out, and on his way he met an Ethiopian eunuch, an important official in charge of all the treasury of the Kandake (which means “queen of the Ethiopians”). This man had gone to Jerusalem to worship, and on his way home was sitting in his chariot reading the Book of Isaiah, the prophet. The Spirit told Philip, 'Go to that chariot and stay near it.' Then Philip ran up to the chariot and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. 'Do you understand what you are reading?' Philip asked. 'How can I,' he said, 'unless someone explains it to me?' So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him. The eunuch was reading this passage of Scripture: 'He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before its shearer is silent, so he did not open his mouth. In his humiliation, he was deprived of justice. Who can speak of his descendants? For his life was taken from the earth.' The eunuch asked Philip, 'Tell me, please, who is the prophet talking about, himself or someone else?' Then Philip began with that very passage of Scripture and told him the good news about Jesus. As they traveled along the road, they came to some water and the eunuch said, 'Look, here is water. What can stand in the way of my being baptized?' And he gave orders to stop the chariot. Then both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water and Philip baptized him. When they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord suddenly took Philip away, and the eunuch did not see him again, but went on his way rejoicing."


-Definition: A eunuch refers to a man who has been castrated, either partly or entirely, often serving in a role such as a trusted servant or official in the ancient Eastern courts.


-Definition: The Euphrates is a major river in Western Asia, flowing through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. It is one of the most important rivers mentioned in the Bible, often referred to as a boundary or as a significant landmark in biblical accounts.

-Mentions: The Euphrates is mentioned numerous times in the Bible. One such instance is found in Genesis 2:14 which states, "The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."

Eusebius Of Caesarea

-Definition: Eusebius of Caesarea was an early Christian historian and bishop of Caesarea in Palestine during the 4th century. He is best known for his works on early Church history, including his monumental "Ecclesiastical History," which remains one of the most important primary sources for the study of early Christianity.

-Mentions: There are no specific Bible verses that mention Eusebius of Caesarea, as he is a historical figure from the 4th century and not a biblical character.


-Definition: Evangelical refers to a Christian belief system and movement that emphasizes the authority of the Bible, the importance of personal conversion, and the spreading of the Gospel message. Evangelicals focus on the redemptive work of Jesus Christ and place an emphasis on faith, grace, and spiritual regeneration through a personal relationship with God.


- Romans 1:16 (NIV)

- "For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile."

- Matthew 24:14 (NIV)

- "And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come."


-Definition: Excommunication is a religious term referring to the formal expulsion or exclusion of an individual from a religious community or institution, typically as a result of serious doctrinal or moral offenses, with the aim of their repentance and restoration.

-Mentions: 1. 1 Corinthians 5:1


- "It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that even pagans do not tolerate: A man is sleeping with his father’s wife. And you are proud! Shouldn’t you rather have gone into mourning and have put out of your fellowship the man who has been doing this? For my part, even though I am not physically present, I am with you in spirit. As one who is present with you in this way, I have already passed judgment in the name of our Lord Jesus on the one who has been doing this. So, when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present, hand this man over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved on the day of the Lord."2. Titus 3:10

- "Warn a divisive person once, and then warn them a second time. After that, have nothing to do with them."


-Definition: Exegesis refers to the critical interpretation and explanation of a biblical passage or text, aiming to uncover its original meaning and intent through diligent study and analysis.


- 2 Timothy 2:15 (NIV)

- "Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth."(The verse emphasizes the importance of correctly handling and interpreting the Bible, highlighting the need for sound exegesis.)


-Definition: A period of forced separation or banishment from one's home or native land, often as a punishment or consequence of disobedience.

-Mentions: "Now the Lord had brought the king of Babylon against them. He killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or aged. He gave them all into his hand. And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king and of his princes. All these he brought to Babylon. And they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem and burned all its palaces with fire and destroyed all its precious vessels. He took into exile in Babylon those who had escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and to his sons until the establishment of the kingdom of Persia."

- 2 Chronicles 36:17



-Definition: The book of Exodus is the second book of the Bible and describes the story of the Israelites' liberation from slavery in Egypt and their journey to the Promised Land. It details important events such as the ten plagues, the parting of the Red Sea, and the giving of the Ten Commandments.

-Mentions: "And Moses said to the people, 'Fear not, stand firm, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will work for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall never see again'" (Exodus 14:13, ESV).


-Definition: Extinguishers refer to things or actions that put out or extinguish a flame, light, or fire. In a biblical context, extinguishers can symbolize the suppression, quenching, or removal of spiritual or moral light, truth, or fervor.

-Mentions: "Do not quench the Spirit."

- 1 Thessalonians 5:19 (NIV)


-Definition: Faith is a belief or trust in someone or something, particularly in relation to religious convictions. It involves a strong confidence in the unseen and a firm reliance on divine promises.


- Hebrews 11:1 (NIV)

- "Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance about what we do not see."

-9 (NIV)

- "For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God—not by works, so that no one can boast."

False Prophet

-Definition: A person who claims to be a prophet or spokesperson for God, but delivers false or deceptive messages that do not align with God's truth.

-Mentions: "Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves." (Matthew 7:15, ESV)


-Definition: Fasting refers to the act of voluntarily abstaining from food and possibly other indulgences for a specific period of time as an act of devotion, repentance, or seeking spiritual guidance and intervention from God.


- "And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you." (Matthew 6:16

-18, ESV)Please note that different Bible translations might have slightly different wording for the verse mentioned.


-Definition: Fasting is the intentional abstaining from food, drink, or certain activities for a specific period of time, often for religious or spiritual purposes. It involves voluntarily denying oneself physical nourishment as a means of focusing on spiritual growth, seeking guidance from God, expressing repentance, or humbling oneself before Him.

-Mentions: "And when you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that your fasting may not be seen by others but by your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you." (Matthew 6:16

-18, ESV)


-Definition: To understand or comprehend something deeply or fully.

-Mentions: "Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out!"

- Romans 11:33


-Definition: The term "fellowship" refers to the intimate association, communion, and sharing between believers, which is based on their common faith and unity in Christ.


- Acts 2:42

- "And they devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers."

- 1 John 1:3

- "that which we have seen and heard we proclaim also to you, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ."

Festival Of Booths

-Definition: The Festival of Booths, also known as the Feast of Tabernacles or Sukkot, was a week

-long fall festival celebrated by the Israelites to commemorate their forty years of wandering in the wilderness. During this festival, the people would construct temporary booths or shelters and live in them for the duration of the celebration, symbolizing their reliance on and gratitude towards God's provision and protection.


- Leviticus 23:39

-43 (NIV)

- "So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the Lord for seven days; the first day is a day of sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of sabbath rest. On the first day, you are to take branches from luxuriant trees—from palms, willows and other leafy trees—and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. Celebrate this as a festival to the Lord for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month. Live in temporary shelters for seven days: All native

-born Israelites are to live in such shelters so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God."

- Nehemiah 8:14

-17 (NIV)

- "They found written in the Law, which the Lord had commanded through Moses, that the Israelites were to live in temporary shelters during the festival of the seventh month and that they should proclaim this word and spread it throughout their towns and in Jerusalem: 'Go out into the hill country and bring back branches from olive and wild olive trees, and from myrtles, palms and shade trees, to make temporary shelters'... So the people went out and brought back branches and built themselves temporary shelters on their own roofs, in their courtyards, in the courts of the house of God and in the square by the Water Gate and the one by the Gate of Ephraim. The whole company that had returned from exile built temporary shelters and lived in them."

Festival Of Dedication

-Definition: A Jewish holiday, also known as Hanukkah or the Feast of the Dedication, which commemorates the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. It is celebrated over eight days by lighting candles on a menorah.

-Mentions: "At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem. It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple, in the colonnade of Solomon." (John 10:22

-23, ESV)

Festival of Harvest

-Definition: The Festival of Harvest, also known as the Feast of Weeks or Pentecost, is an important Jewish festival that celebrates the giving of the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai. It occurs fifty days after the Passover and commemorates the first fruits of the agricultural season. This harvest festival holds significant religious and cultural importance to the Jewish community.


- "Celebrate the Festival of Harvest with the firstfruits of the crops you sow in your field. Celebrate the Festival of Ingathering at the end of the year when you gather in your crops from the field." (Exodus 23:16, NIV)

- "On the Festival of Harvest, when you present the firstfruits of your labors to the Lord, you shall rejoice before the Lord your God." (Deuteronomy 16:11, ESV)

Festival Of Unleavened Bread

-Definition: The Festival of Unleavened Bread, also known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread, is a significant Jewish observance that commemorates the Exodus from Egypt. During this festival, the Jewish people are commanded to remove all leaven (yeast) from their homes and avoid consuming any leavened products for a specific period of time, usually seven days. It symbolizes the haste with which the Israelites left Egypt, as they did not have time to wait for their bread to rise.

-Mentions: 1. Exodus 12:8: "That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast."2. Mark 14:12: "On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb, Jesus' disciples asked him, 'Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover?'"

Festival of Weeks

-Definition: A religious observance also known as "Shavuot" or "Pentecost," celebrated by the ancient Israelites to commemorate the giving of the Torah (the Law) to Moses on Mount Sinai. It marks the culmination of the seven

-week period that begins with Passover.

-Mentions: "Celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year."

- Exodus 34:22 (NIV)

Fire Holders

-Definition: Fire holders, also known as torchbearers or those who carry torches, were individuals responsible for carrying and maintaining fires or torches in various contexts. They provided light during nighttime gatherings, ceremonies, processions, or other events, often symbolizing guidance, illumination, or the presence of God.

-week period that begins with Passover.


- "And Samson said to them, 'Let me tell you a riddle. If you can give me the answer within the seven days of the feast, I will give you thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes. But if you can't tell me the answer, you must give me thirty linen garments and thirty sets of clothes.' So they said to him, 'Tell us your riddle, so we can hear it.' He replied, 'Out of the eater, something to eat; out of the strong, something sweet.' For three days they could not give the answer. On the fourth day, they said to Samson's wife, 'Coax your husband into explaining the riddle for us, or we will burn you and your father's household to death. Did you invite us here to steal our property?' ... But since you haven't explained it to me, you must tell me the answer.' So she cried to Samson the whole seven days while their feast lasted. So on the seventh day, he finally told her, because she continued to press him. She in turn explained the riddle to her people. Before sunset on the seventh day, the men of the city said to him, 'What is sweeter than honey? What is stronger than a lion?' And he said to them, 'If you hadn't plowed with my young cow, you wouldn't know my riddle now!' Then the Spirit of the Lord came on him. He went down to Ashkelon, struck down thirty of their men, stripped them of everything, and gave their clothes to those who had explained the riddle. In fierce anger, Samson returned to his father's house." (Judges 14:12

-19, NIV)

- "Jesus answered, 'Are there not twelve hours of daylight? Anyone who walks in the daytime will not stumble, for they see by this world's light. It is when a person walks at night that they stumble, for they have no light.'" (John 11:9

-10, NIV)


-Definition: In a biblical context, "firstborn" refers to the first child born to a parent or, more generally, to the first creature or thing brought forth by an individual or group.


- "And she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no guest room available for them." (Luke 2:7, New International Version)

- "And He is the head of the body, the church; He is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything He might have the supremacy." (Colossians 1:18, New International Version)


-Definition: The first and best portion of the harvest or the first produce, offering, or result of a particular kind. It symbolizes consecration and gratitude to God.


- "Honor the Lord with your wealth, with the firstfruits of all your crops."

- Proverbs 3:9 (NIV)

- "But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep."

- 1 Corinthians 15:20 (ESV)


-Definition: The knowledge or awareness of future events before they occur.


- Romans 8:29: "For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters."


-Definition: Forgiveness is the act of pardoning or ceasing to feel resentment towards someone who has wronged you. It involves showing kindness and letting go of anger or revenge.


- "For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you."

- Matthew 6:14 (NIV)

- "Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you."

- Ephesians 4:32 (NIV)


-Definition: Fornication refers to engaging in sexual intercourse outside of marriage, specifically when at least one of the individuals involved is not married. It is generally considered sinful and morally unacceptable according to biblical teachings.

-Mentions: 1. "Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality..." (Galatians 5:19, ESV).2. "Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality..." (1 Corinthians 6:9, ESV).



-Definition: A fortune

-teller is a person who claims to have the ability to predict or reveal future events or hidden knowledge through supernatural or occult means.


- Acts 16:16

-18 (NIV)

- "Once when we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a female slave who had a spirit by which she predicted the future. She earned a great deal of money for her owners by fortune

-telling. She followed Paul and the rest of us, shouting, 'These men are servants of the Most High God, who are telling you the way to be saved.' She kept this up for many days. Finally, Paul became so annoyed that he turned around and said to the spirit, 'In the name of Jesus Christ I command you to come out of her!' At that moment the spirit left her."


-Definition: A fragrant resin obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia, used in religious rituals for its pleasing aroma.

-Mentions: "Then the Lord said to Moses: Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, and pure frankincense with these sweet spices; there shall be equal amounts of each. You shall make it into incense, a perfume, the work of a perfumer, seasoned with salt, pure and holy" (Exodus 30:34

-35, NRSV).

Free Will

-Definition: The concept that humans possess the ability to make choices and act independently, without being compelled or determined by external factors.

-Mentions: "See, I have set before you today life and good, death and evil. If you obey the commandments of the LORD your God that I command you today, by loving the LORD your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the LORD your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it. But if your heart turns away, and you will not hear, but are drawn away to worship other gods and serve them, I declare to you today, that you shall surely perish. You shall not live long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to enter and possess."

- Deuteronomy 30:15



-Definition: A freeman refers to an individual who is not a slave or bound by servitude. In Biblical terms, a freeman is someone who possesses personal freedom and is not subject to the ownership or control of another person.


- "So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed." (John 8:36, ESV)

- "For he who was called in the Lord as a bondservant is a freedman of the Lord. Likewise, he who was free when called is a bondservant of Christ." (1 Corinthians 7:22, ESV)

Fruit of the Spirit

-Definition: The "Fruit of the Spirit" refers to the attributes or qualities that are produced in the life of a believer through the work of the Holy Spirit. These qualities include love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self


-Mentions: "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self

-control; against such things there is no law."

- Galatians 5:22

-23 (ESV)


-Definition: Fundamentalism refers to a religious movement or approach characterized by a strict adherence to foundational or "fundamental" beliefs and principles of a particular faith tradition.

-Mentions: While the term "fundamentalism" itself may not be explicitly mentioned in the Bible, certain principles associated with fundamentalism can be traced throughout. For instance, in 1 Corinthians 15:3

-4, the apostle Paul emphasizes the importance of adhering to the foundational belief in Christ's death, burial, and resurrection: "For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures." This passage emphasizes the central doctrinal elements that are often fundamental to Christian belief.


-Definition: A furnace refers to a container or enclosed structure used for intense heating, often involving the burning of fuel. In biblical contexts, it is primarily associated with processes such as smelting, refining, or the punishment of the wicked.


- Daniel 3:6

- "Whoever does not fall down and worship shall immediately be cast into a burning fiery furnace."



-Definition: Galatia refers to a region in central Anatolia (modern

-day Turkey) which comprised several cities. It was visited by the apostle Paul during his missionary journeys, and he wrote the epistle to the Galatians to address the Christian communities residing there.

-Mentions: "Paul, an apostle—sent not from men nor by a man, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised him from the dead—and all the brothers and sisters with me, To the churches in Galatia..." (Galatians 1:1

-2, NIV)


-Definition: Also referred to as the Valley of Hinnom, Gehenna is a location near Jerusalem that symbolizes a place of punishment and eternal fire in the New Testament. It is used to depict the final destination of the wicked or unrepentant souls.


- Matthew 5:22

- "But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, 'Raca,' is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of Gehenna."

- Mark 9:47

- "And if your eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than to have two eyes and be thrown into Gehenna."

General Revelation

-Definition: General Revelation refers to the knowledge of God's existence and attributes that can be obtained through nature and human conscience. It is available to all people universally, regardless of their faith or religious background. souls.

-Mentions: 1. Romans 1:20

- "For since the creation of the world, God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made so that people are without excuse."2. Psalm 19:1

- "The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands."


-Definition: Refers to any person who is not of Jewish descent or who does not follow the Jewish faith.


- Acts 10:45 (NIV)

- "The circumcised believers who had come with Peter were astonished that the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out even on Gentiles."


-Definition: A unit of weight mentioned in the Bible.

-Mentions:Exodus 30:13

- "Each one who crosses over to those already counted is to give a half shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, which weighs twenty gerahs."

Gifts Of Mercy

-Definition: Gifts of mercy refer to the abilities and resources God has given to believers to show compassion, care, and practical help to those in need. These gifts enable individuals to serve others with kindness, empathy, and selflessness, reflecting the mercy and love of God.


- Romans 12:8 (NIV)

- "if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully."

- 1 Corinthians 12:28 (NIV)

- "And God has placed in the church first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, of helping, of guidance, and of different kinds of tongues."


-Definition: Gilead refers to a region located in the east of the Jordan River, known for its fertile land and abundant natural resources. It was renowned for its balm, spices, and healing properties.

-Mentions:"And the Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard. But Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither. And it came to pass that the Ishmeelites brought Joseph into Egypt. And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes. And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go? And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood. And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it be thy son's coat or no. And he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces. And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days. And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave mourning unto my son. Thus his father wept for him." (Genesis 37:36



-Definition: A term found in the superscription of three Psalms (Psalms 8, 81, 84), implying a musical or structural direction for their performance.

-Mentions:Psalm 8:1 (NIV)

- "For the director of music. According to gittith. A psalm of David."


-Definition: To gather or collect leftover grains or produce after a harvest by systematically gathering what remains.

-Mentions:1. "When you glean the grapes of your vineyard, do not go over it again. It shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow." (Deuteronomy 24:21, ESV)2. "And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the LORD your God." (Leviticus 23:22, ESV)


-Definition: Glorification refers to the ultimate transformation and exaltation of believers in Christ, in which they are fully conformed to His likeness and experience the eternal joy and perfection of heaven.

-Mentions:"And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified."

- Romans 8:30 (ESV)


-Definition: Glory refers to the magnificence, splendor, and honor associated with God's presence, power, and character. It encompasses the divine attributes of majesty, brilliance, and renown.


- "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth." (John 1:14, ESV)

- "For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God." (Romans 3:23, ESV)


-Definition: A long, pointed rod used for prodding and guiding animals, typically oxen or cattle.

-Mentions:"As an earring of gold, and an ornament of fine gold, so is a wise reprover upon an obedient ear." (Proverbs 25:12, KJV)


-Definition: The supreme being and creator of the universe, as described in the Christian and Jewish faith. God is believed to be all

-knowing, all

-powerful, and infinitely good.


- Genesis 1:1 "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth."

- John 3:16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life."

God's Kingdom

-Definition: God's Kingdom refers to the reign and rule of God over all creation. It represents the authority and power of God in establishing His divine sovereignty and justice in the world, as well as His ultimate plan for the redemption of mankind.

-Mentions:1. Matthew 6:33 (NIV)

- "But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well."2. Luke 17:20

-21 (NIV)

- "Once, on being asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, Jesus replied, 'The coming of the kingdom of God is not something that can be observed, nor will people say, 'Here it is,' or 'There it is,' because the kingdom of God is in your midst.'"

Godly Devotion

-Definition: Godly devotion refers to a sincere, wholehearted commitment to God and a life that is in alignment with His teachings and will. It involves living a righteous and morally upright existence, with a deep reverence and respect for God and a desire to please Him in all aspects of life.

-Mentions:"But reject profane and old wives’ fables, and exercise yourself toward godliness. For bodily exercise profits a little, but godliness is profitable for all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come."

- 1 Timothy 4:7

-8 (NKJV)

Good News, The

-Definition: The Good News, also known as the Gospel, refers to the message of salvation and eternal life through faith in Jesus Christ. It is the central theme of the New Testament and emphasizes God's love, forgiveness, and grace for humanity.


- Romans 1:16 (NIV)

- "For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes..."

- Mark 1:1 (NIV)

- "The beginning of the good news about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God..."


-Definition: The term "gospel" comes from the Old English word "godspell," which means "good news" or "good tidings." In the biblical context, it refers to the message of salvation and eternal life through Jesus Christ. The gospel encompasses the teachings, life, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ, as well as the offer of forgiveness of sins and reconciliation with God to all who believe in Him.

-Mentions:"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16, NIV)


-Definition: Grace is a theological concept representing the unmerited favor and unconditional love that God shows to humanity. It is a divine gift, freely given to individuals, regardless of their worthiness or actions.


- "For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God." (Ephesians 2:8, NIV)

- "But he said to me, 'My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.' Therefore I will boast all the more gladly about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may rest on me." (2 Corinthians 12:9, NIV)


-Definition: A burial site or a place where dead bodies are laid to rest. It can also refer to the state of death or the final resting place of the dead.


- Job 17:13 (NIV)

- "If I hope for the grave as my house, if I make my bed in the realm of darkness..."

- Psalm 30:3 (NIV)

- "You, Lord, brought me up from the realm of the dead; you spared me from going down to the pit."

Great Tribulation

-Definition: The Great Tribulation refers to a period of intense suffering and distress that is prophesied in the Bible, particularly in the book of Revelation. It is described as a time of unparalleled tribulation and persecution, marking the end of the current age and the coming of the divine judgment.

-Mentions:"For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be." (Matthew 24:21, New King James Version)


-Definition: Greek refers to the language and culture of the ancient Greeks. It was the language in which the New Testament of the Bible was originally written.

-Mentions:Acts 21:37

-39 "As Paul was about to be brought into the barracks, he said to the tribune, 'May I say something to you?' And he said, 'Do you know Greek? Are you not the Egyptian, then, who recently stirred up a revolt and led the four thousand men of the Assassins out into the wilderness?' Paul replied, 'I am a Jew, from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no obscure city. I beg you, permit me to speak to the people.'"

Guilt Offering

-Definition: The guilt offering, also known as the sin offering, was a type of sacrifice presented to God by individuals or the community to atone for their sins or wrongdoing. It was an act of acknowledging guilt and seeking reconciliation with God. The offering often involved sacrificing an animal as a substitute for the sinner, and the blood of the animal was sprinkled or poured on the altar as a symbolic act of purification.

-Mentions:1. Leviticus 4:27

-31 (NIV)

- "If any member of the community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, when they realize their guilt and the sin they have committed becomes known, they must bring as their offering for the sin they committed a female goat without defect. They are to lay their hand on its head and slaughter it for a sin offering at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered. Then the priest shall take some of the blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering and pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. They shall remove all the fat, just as the fat is removed from the fellowship offering, and the priest shall burn it on the altar as an aroma pleasing to the Lord. In this way, the priest will make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven."2. Leviticus 7:1

-7 (NIV)

- "This is the law of the guilt offering. It is most holy. In the place where they slaughter the burnt offering, they must slaughter the guilt offering, and its blood must be splashed against the sides of the altar. All its fat shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the internal organs, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering presented to the Lord. It is a guilt offering. Any male in a priest’s family may eat it, but it must be eaten in the sanctuary area; it is most holy."


-Definition: Hades refers to the realm of the dead in Greek mythology and is also mentioned in the New Testament of the Bible. It is a place where the souls of the deceased go after death.

-Mentions:"And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted to the heavens? No, you will go down to Hades. For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Sodom, it would have remained to this day." (Matthew 11:23, NIV)


-Definition: Heaven is the dwelling place of God and the eternal abode of the righteous. It represents a state of perfect joy, peace, and communion with God.


- "Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away." (Matthew 24:35, NIV)

- "Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." (Matthew 5:10, NIV)


-Definition: The Hebrew language is a Semitic language spoken by the ancient Israelites and their descendants. It is considered the language in which most of the Old Testament of the Bible was written.


- Genesis 14:13

- "Then one who had escaped came and told Abram the Hebrew..."


-Definition: A place of eternal punishment and separation from God, often depicted as a realm of torment and suffering after death.

-Mentions:"And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire." (Revelation 20:15, ESV)


-Definition: Heresy refers to a belief or opinion that opposes or deviates from essential Christian doctrines as determined by the church. It involves the propagation of false teachings or the rejection of orthodox beliefs, often leading to division or schism within religious communities.

-Mentions:1. "But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who bought them—bringing swift destruction on themselves."

- 2 Peter 2:1 (NIV)2. "I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you to live in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let them be under God’s curse! As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let them be under God’s curse!"

- Galatians 1:6

-9 (NIV)


-Definition: Hermeneutics refers to the study and interpretation of texts, particularly sacred texts such as the Bible. It involves the principles and methods employed to accurately understand and convey the intended meaning of the written word in its historical and cultural context.

-Mentions:"Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth."

- 2 Timothy 2:15 (NIV)


-Definition: In Greek mythology, Hermes is known as the messenger of the gods, as well as the god of trade, thieves, and travelers. He is often depicted with winged sandals and a winged cap, representing his swift and agile nature.

-Mentions:In the Bible, the term "Hermes" is not directly mentioned. However, in Acts 14:12, the apostle Paul is mistakenly referred to as Hermes by the people of Lystra, when they witnessed him performing miracles:"And they began calling Barnabas, Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker." (Acts 14:12, NASB)


-Definition: Herod refers to a name of several kings from the Herodian dynasty who ruled over Palestine during the time of Jesus. The most notable among them is Herod the Great, who was known for his ambitious building projects, including the reconstruction of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. Despite his title as king, Herod was a vassal of the Roman Empire and maintained his position by appeasing his Roman overlords. Herod's rule is often associated with the biblical events surrounding the birth of Jesus and the massacre of the innocent children in Bethlehem as he sought to eliminate the newborn king of the Jews.

-Mentions:Matthew 2:1


Herod, Party Followers Of

-Definition: A group of individuals who were loyal supporters and followers of Herod, a Roman

-appointed ruler over Judea during the time of Jesus. They were known for their allegiance to Herod and often defended his actions and decisions.


- Matthew 14:1

-12 (NIV): "At that time Herod the tetrarch heard the reports about Jesus, and he said to his attendants, 'This is John the Baptist; he has risen from the dead! That is why miraculous powers are at work in him.' Now Herod had arrested John and bound him and put him in prison..."Please note that there are various passages in the Bible that mention Herod and his followers, but Matthew 14:1

-12 provides a specific example related to them.


-Definition: A musical term indicating an instrumental interlude or meditation between verses in a psalm or song.

-Mentions:"My heart is in anguish within me; the terrors of death have fallen on me. Fear and trembling have beset me; horror has overwhelmed me. I said, 'Oh, that I had the wings of a dove! I would fly away and be at rest. I would flee far away and stay in the desert; I would hurry to my place of shelter, far from the tempest and storm.' Confuse the wicked, O Lord, confound their speech, for I see violence and strife in the city. Day and night they prowl about on its walls; malice and abuse are within it. Destructive forces are at work in the city; threats and lies never leave its streets. If an enemy were insulting me, I could endure it; if a foe were rising against me, I could hide. But it is you, a man like myself, my companion, my close friend, with whom I once enjoyed sweet fellowship at the house of God, as we walked about among the worshipers. Let death take my enemies by surprise; let them go down alive to the realm of the dead, for evil finds lodging among them. But I call to God, and the Lord saves me. Evening, morning and noon I cry out in distress, and he hears my voice. He rescues me unharmed from the battle waged against me, even though many oppose me. God, who is enthroned from of old, who does not change—he will hear them and humble them, because they have no fear of God. My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant. His talk is smooth as butter, yet war is in his heart; his words are more soothing than oil, yet they are drawn swords. Cast your cares on the Lord and he will sustain you; he will never let the righteous be shaken. But you, God, will bring down the wicked into the pit of decay; the bloodthirsty and deceitful will not live out half their days. But as for me, I trust in you."

- Psalms 55:4


High Place

-Definition: A location on elevated ground where pagan worship and idolatrous practices took place. High places were often chosen for their commanding view and were associated with the worship of false gods and goddesses.

-Mentions: "And they built high places for Baal in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to offer up their sons and daughters to Molech, though I did not command them, nor did it enter into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin." (Jeremiah 32:35, ESV)

High Priest

-Definition: The term "High Priest" refers to the highest

-ranking priest in the Israelite religious hierarchy. This position held great significance as the High Priest acted as the mediator between God and the people of Israel, performing important religious duties and offering sacrifices on their behalf.


- Exodus 28:1

- "Then bring near to you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the people of Israel, to serve me as priests—Aaron and Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar."

- Hebrews 4:14

- "Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession."


-Definition: A unit of liquid measurement in the ancient Hebrew system, equivalent to approximately 6.66 liters or 1.76 gallons.

-Mentions: Exodus 29:40

- "With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering."


-Definition: Holiness refers to the state of being morally pure, set apart, and dedicated to righteousness. It is a characteristic of God, describing His perfect and untainted nature, and it is also a quality expected of His followers. Holiness involves separation from sin and a commitment to living according to God's commands.


- "Exalt the Lord our God and worship at his holy mountain, for the Lord our God is holy." (Psalm 99:9, NIV)

- "You are to be holy to me because I, the Lord, am holy, and I have set you apart from the nations to be my own." (Leviticus 20:26, NIV)

Holy Spirit

-Definition: The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Holy Trinity, along with God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son. In Christianity, the Holy Spirit is seen as the love between the Father and the Son, and is believed to dwell within believers, guiding, comforting, and empowering them.


- "But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you." (John 14:26, NIV)

- "And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever— the Spirit of truth." (John 14:16

-17a, NIV)


-Definition: Holy, in a biblical context, refers to something or someone that is set apart, consecrated, pure, and morally perfect. It denotes being separate from all that is profane or sinful, and is often used to describe God's character or qualities.

-Mentions:1. "Exalt the Lord our God; worship at his footstool! Holy is he!"

- Psalm 99:5 (ESV)2. "And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and within, and day and night they never cease to say, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!”

- Revelation 4:8 (ESV)


-Definition: A unit of measurement for liquid, equivalent to approximately 6 gallons or 22 liters.


- 2 Kings 7:1

- "Then Elisha said, “Hear the word of the LORD. Thus says the LORD: ‘Tomorrow about this time a seah of fine flour shall be sold for a shekel, and two seahs of barley for a shekel, at the gate of Samaria.’”


-Definition: A confident expectation and desire for something good to happen in the future.

-Mentions: "May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope."

- Romans 15:13


-Definition: Also known as Mount Horeb, it is a significant mountain in the Bible that holds great historical and religious significance. Horeb is often considered to be the same mountain as Mount Sinai and is believed to be the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God.

-Mentions: Exodus 3:1

- "Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father


-law, the priest of Midian. And he led the flock to the back of the desert, and came to Horeb, the mountain of God."


-Definition: A horn in the Bible is often used symbolically to represent power, strength, or honor. It can refer to a physical horn, such as that of an animal, or be used metaphorically to describe the exalted status, authority, or might of individuals or nations.


- "But my horn you have exalted like a wild ox; I am anointed with fresh oil." (Psalm 92:10, NIV)

- "He has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David." (Luke 1:69, NIV)

Horns Of The Altar

-Definition: In biblical times, the "horns of the altar" referred to the four protrusions on the corners of the altar. These horns, made of bronze or overlaid with bronze, were used for various ritual purposes, including offering blood sacrifices and providing a place of refuge for individuals seeking God's mercy and protection.


- Exodus 27:2

- "You shall make horns for it on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze."

- 1 Kings 1:50


- "Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went to take hold of the horns of the altar. It was reported to Solomon: “Look, Adonijah fears King Solomon, and he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Solomon first swear to me that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’”

Hort, Fenton John Anthony

-Definition: Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828

-1892) was a renowned British theologian and biblical scholar, best known for his contributions to the Westcott

-Hort Greek New Testament. Alongside Brooke Foss Westcott, Hort played a significant role in developing the New Testament text used for modern translations. Their work emphasized the study of ancient manuscripts and textual criticism to establish the most accurate representation of the original Greek text.

-Mentions: "And thou shalt study in silence, and in secret places shall thy study and meditation be"

- 1 Timothy 4:13.


-Definition: Hospitality refers to the act of welcoming and receiving guests, strangers, or travelers with warmth, kindness, and generosity.

-Mentions: 1. "Share with the Lord's people who are in need. Practice hospitality."

- Romans 12:13 (NIV)2. "Do not forget to show hospitality to strangers, for by so doing some people have shown hospitality to angels without knowing it."

- Hebrews 13:2 (NIV)

Human Nature

-Definition: Human nature refers to the inherent characteristics, qualities, and tendencies that are common to all human beings. It encompasses various aspects of human behavior, emotions, thoughts, and desires.


- Romans 7:18 (NIV)

- "For I know that good itself does not dwell in me, that is, in my sinful nature. For I have the desire to do what is good, but I cannot carry it out."

- Jeremiah 17:9 (NIV)

- "The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?"


-Definition: Humility is the quality of having a modest or low view of one's own importance. It involves a genuine recognition of one's limitations, weaknesses, and the need for dependence on God.

-Mentions: "Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind regard one another as more important than yourselves." (Philippians 2:3, NASB)


-Definition: Hyperbole is a figure of speech that involves exaggeration for emphasis or dramatic effect. It is used to make a point or illustrate a situation by magnifying or overstating it beyond its literal truth.


- "The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands." (Psalm 19:1)

- "If your right eye causes you to stumble, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell." (Matthew 5:29)


-Definition: a person who pretends to be virtuous or righteous but actually acts in a way that contradicts their stated beliefs or values.


- "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but within are full of dead people's bones and all uncleanness." (Matthew 23:27, ESV)

Hypostatic Union

-Definition: The Hypostatic Union refers to the doctrine in Christian theology that states that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is both fully God and fully human in one person. It teaches that Jesus has two natures – divine and human – that are united in one hypostasis (individual existence or substance).


- Philippians 2:5


- "In your relationships with one another, have the same mindset as Christ Jesus: Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage; rather, he made himself nothing by taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross!"


-Definition: A small aromatic plant with clusters of blue or purple flowers, commonly used for its medicinal properties and in religious rituals for purification purposes.


- Exodus 12:22 (NIV)

- "Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning."

- Leviticus 14:4 (NIV)

- "the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the person to be cleansed."



-Definition: An expression or phrase with a meaning that cannot be deduced from the literal interpretation of its individual words.


- "But he said to them, 'What is this conversation that you are holding with each other as you walk?' And they stood still, looking sad." (Luke 24:17, ESV)


-Definition: Idolatry refers to the worship or reverence of idols or false gods, often involving the attribution of divine power and significance to objects or images created by human hands. It is the act of giving ultimate devotion or placing anything or anyone above the worship of the true God.


- Exodus 20:3-5: "You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourself an idol or worship any other gods..."

- 1 Corinthians 10:14: "Therefore, my dear friends, flee from idolatry."


-Definition: A region located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, corresponding to present-day Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and parts of Slovenia and Albania.

-Mentions: In Romans 15:19, the apostle Paul mentions Illyricum as one of the regions where he proclaimed the gospel: "from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum, I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ." (Romans 15:19, ESV)


-Definition: Immanence refers to the concept of God's presence and activity within the created world. It emphasizes that God is intimately involved in His creation and interacts with it on a direct and personal level.


- "Do I not fill heaven and earth?" declares the LORD. (Jeremiah 23:24, ESV)


-Definition: Imputation refers to the act of attributing or crediting something to someone's account, typically in a legal or theological context. In Christianity, imputation specifically refers to God's act of reckoning or accounting righteousness to believers, even though they are inherently sinful.

-Mentions: "Blessed are those whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered. Blessed is the one whose sin the Lord will never count against them." (Romans 4:7-8, NIV)


-Definition: The concept of God taking on human form, specifically referring to Jesus Christ becoming human.


- "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth." (John 1:14, ESV)


-Definition: A substance made from aromatic gums or spices, often in the form of grains or powder, that is burned to produce a fragrant odor.

-Mentions: Genesis 8:20: "Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it."


-Definition: An indulgence is the remission of temporal punishment due to sin, granted by the Catholic Church. It is believed to release a believer from the consequences of their sins, either in this life or in purgatory.

-Mentions: 1. "Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 18:18)2. "

-Mentions: And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 16:18-19)


-Definition: Infallibility refers to the concept of being incapable of making errors or mistakes. In the context of the Bible, it signifies the belief that Scripture is without fault or falsehood, being completely reliable and trustworthy in conveying divine truths and teachings.

-Mentions: 1. Proverbs 30:5-6: "Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar."2. 2 Timothy 3:16-17: "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work."


-Definition: A divine influence or guidance resulting in the production of sacred texts or the expression of divine truth.


- "All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting, and training in righteousness" - 2 Timothy 3:16 (NIV)


-Definition: Intercession refers to the act of intervening or mediating on behalf of another person or group, usually in prayer. It involves pleading or making requests to God on behalf of others, seeking God's mercy, blessing, or intervention in their lives. Intercession often involves standing in the gap or becoming an advocate for those in need, bringing their needs and concerns before God.


- Romans 8:34 (NIV): "Who then is the one who condemns? No one. Christ Jesus who died—more than that, who was raised to life—is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us."

- 1 Timothy 2:1 (NIV): "I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people."

Interlinear Translations

-Definition: Interlinear translations are versions of the Bible in which the original language, such as Hebrew or Greek, is displayed alongside a direct word for word translation into another language. This allows readers to closely examine the original text while simultaneously understanding the corresponding translated words.

-Mentions: "Then saith he unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God." (Revelation 19:9, Interlinear Translations)


-Definition: Ishmael was the first son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah's handmaid. He was born to fulfill God's promise to Abraham of becoming a father of many nations. Ishmael is considered the patriarch of the Ishmaelites and is mentioned extensively in the Bible.


- Genesis 16:15-16: "So Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram."

- Genesis 21:13: "And also of the son of the bondwoman I will make a nation, because he is your seed."

- Genesis 21:18: "Arise, lift up the lad and hold him with your hand, for I will make him a great nation."


-Definition: Israel refers to various meanings in the Bible. Firstly, Israel is the name given to Jacob, the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham. It also refers to the twelve tribes descended from Jacob. Furthermore, Israel became the name of the Northern Kingdom after the division of Israel and Judah during King Solomon's reign. Lastly, Israel is used as a term symbolizing God's chosen people, the descendants of Jacob.


- Genesis 35:10 (NIV): "God said to him, 'Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.'"


-Definition: A significant figure in the Hebrew Bible, Jacob is the son of Isaac and Rebecca, and the grandson of Abraham. He is also known as Israel and is considered one of the Patriarchs of the Israelite people. Jacob is known for his complex relationships, including his rivalry with his twin brother Esau and his marriage to Leah and Rachel. He is also known for wrestling with God, resulting in his name being changed to Israel, which means "he who struggles with God."

-Mentions: "Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, 'Surely the Lord is in this place, and I did not know it!'" (Genesis 28:16, ESV)


-Definition: Jeduthun was a prominent musician and leader of one of the three divisions of temple musicians appointed by King David. He was well

-known for his skills in playing musical instruments and leading worship in the temple.

-Mentions: 1 Chronicles 25:1 "Moreover, David and the captains of the army separated for the service some of the sons of Asaph, of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with lyres, with harps, and with cymbals."


-Definition: Jehovah is the divine name of God in the Hebrew Bible, often translated as "the LORD" in English translations. It signifies the eternal, self

-existing, and all

-powerful nature of God.

-Mentions: Psalm 83:18: "That they may know that you alone, whose name is the LORD (Jehovah), are the Most High over all the earth."


-Definition: Jerome, also known as Saint Jerome, was a Latin priest, theologian, and historian. He is best known for his translation of the Bible into Latin, known as the Vulgate. He is considered one of the most important figures in the development of Western Christianity.

-Mentions: "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness."

- 2 Timothy 3:16

Jesus Christ

-Definition: Jesus Christ, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. He is believed to be the Son of God and the awaited Savior (Messiah) prophesied in the Old Testament of the Bible. Christians consider him to be the divine incarnation, living a sinless life, performing miracles, teaching divine truths, and ultimately sacrificing himself on the cross for the salvation of humanity.

-Mentions: "She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus because he will save his people from their sins."

- Matthew 1:21


-Definition: A term referred to an individual of Hebrew descent, belonging to the ethnic and religious group originating from the ancient Israelites.


- "For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile." (Romans 1:16, NIV)

- "Joel, Jehu son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Joel, the son of Pedaiah, a son of Amariah, a son of Hezekiah, a son of Manasseh, a son of Hazael, a son of Hallak, a son of Igal, a son of Gedor, a son of Serekiah, a son of Harmaiah, a son of Hasshub, a son of Halkiah, a son of Zerubbabel, a son of Shealtiel, a son of Neri," (Nehemiah 12:13, NIV)

Josephus, Flavius

-Definition: A Jewish historian born in Jerusalem in the first century CE. He is best known for his works "The Jewish War" and "Antiquities of the Jews," which provide valuable historical information about the Jewish people and events during the time of the Bible.


- "Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles. He was Christ; and when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive again the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him; and the tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day." (Antiquities of the Jews, Book 18, Chapter 3)


-Definition: Jubilee refers to a significant event that occurs every 50 years in the biblical context. During the Jubilee, certain special provisions were made for the Israelites, such as the release of slaves, the return of ancestral lands, and the cancelation of debts.

-Mentions: Leviticus 25:10: "Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each of you is to return to your family property and to your own clan."


-Definition: Judah was one of the twelve sons of Jacob and the founder of the Hebrew Tribe of Judah. The name "Judah" means "praise". Judah played a significant role in biblical history, as the tribe from which King David and Jesus Christ descended.


- Genesis 49:8-12: "Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father’s children shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s whelp; from the prey, my son, you have gone up. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; and as a lion, who shall rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh comes; and to Him shall be the obedience of the people. Binding his donkey to the vine, and his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes are darker than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk."

- Matthew 1:2-3: "Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers. Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram."


-Definition: Judaizers were a group of individuals who believed that in order for a person to be saved, they must first become Jewish and follow Jewish customs and traditions, including the observance of the Mosaic law.

-Mentions: "Certain people came down from Judea to Antioch and were teaching the believers: 'Unless you are circumcised, according to the custom taught by Moses, you cannot be saved.'" (Acts 15:1, NIV)


-Definition: In the Bible, judges refers to leaders who were raised up by God to deliver the Israelites from their enemies and govern them during a time of need. These judges played a crucial role in maintaining justice and order among God's people.


- "In those days there was no king in Israel. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes."

- Judges 17:6

- "After him arose Jephthah the Gileadite, who judged Israel twenty

-two years."

- Judges 12:7

Judgment Day

-Definition: The term "Judgment Day" refers to the final day when God will judge all humanity, separating the righteous from the wicked and determining their eternal destiny based on their actions and beliefs.


- Matthew 25:31-32: "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats."

- Revelation 20:12: "And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done."

Judgment Seat

-Definition: The Judgment Seat refers to the place where judgment is given to individuals, often associated with divine judgment. It is a symbolic representation of God's authority and justice in determining the eternal fate of each person based on their deeds and faith.


- Romans 14:10 (NIV): "You, then, why do you judge your brother or sister? Or why do you treat them with contempt? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat."

- 2 Corinthians 5:10 (NIV): "For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad."


-Definition: Justification is the act of God declaring a sinner to be righteous or righteous before Him, based on faith in Jesus Christ and His atoning sacrifice on the cross. It is a legal and righteous declaration by God where the sinner is acquitted of his sins and granted the righteousness of Christ.

-Mentions: Romans 3:24 (NIV): "and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus."

Justin Martyr

-Definition: Justin Martyr, also known as Saint Justin, was an early Christian apologist and martyr. He was born around AD 100 and died around AD 165. Justin Martyr is most renowned for his defense of Christianity against pagan philosophical objections and his efforts to bridge the gap between Greek philosophy and Christian theology.


- Acts 22:20-22: "And when the blood of Stephen your witness was being shed, I myself was standing by and approving and watching over the garments of those who killed him.' And he said to me, ‘Go, for I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’ Up to this word they listened to him. Then they raised their voices and said, 'Away with such a fellow from the earth! For he should not be allowed to live.'"(Note: Although Justin Martyr is not specifically mentioned in the Bible, he was an influential Christian figure in the early days of the faith.)

Kingdom of God

-Definition: The Kingdom of God refers to the reign and rule of God over all creation. It is not limited to a specific physical location but exists wherever God's authority and sovereignty are acknowledged and followed. It represents a realm of righteousness, peace, and joy where God's will is fully realized.


- Matthew 6:33 (NIV: "But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well."

- Mark 1:14-15 (NIV): "After John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God. 'The time has come,' he said. 'The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news!'"

Kingdom of Heaven

-Definition: The Kingdom of Heaven refers to the reign and rule of God, both in heaven and on earth. It represents the spiritual domain where God's will is fulfilled, and those who submit to His authority experience eternal life and fellowship with Him.

-Mentions: "From that time Jesus began to preach, saying, 'Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.'" (Matthew 4:17, ESV)


-Definition: A kodrantes was a small copper coin, worth about 1/64 of a denarius or roughly equivalent to two lepta (the smallest Jewish coin). It was the smallest and least valuable coin in circulation during biblical times.


- "Are not two sparrows sold for a kodrantes? And not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father" (Matthew 10:29, ESV).

- "Truly, I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the offering box. For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on" (Mark 12:43

-44, ESV).

Lake of Fire

-Definition: The Lake of Fire is a symbolic term used in the Book of Revelation to describe the final and eternal destination of the Devil, the beast, the false prophet, and all those who reject God's salvation. It denotes a place of eternal punishment and separation from God.


- "Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire." (Revelation 20:1-15, NIV)

Last Days

-Definition: The period of time that refers to the end of the world or the conclusion of humanity, as mentioned in Christian eschatology. It represents the final era or stage of history leading up to the second coming of Jesus Christ.


- 2 Timothy 3:1

-5 (NIV): "But mark this: There will be terrible times in the last days. People will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self

-control, brutal, not lovers of the good, treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God—having a form of godliness but denying its power."


-Definition: A classical language originating in ancient Rome, Latin was commonly used in the Western world for centuries. It evolved into Ecclesiastical Latin, the language of the Roman Catholic Church, and was utilized in the translation, study, and interpretation of the Bible.

-Mentions: Acts 21:37 (NIV): "Paul asked the commander, 'May I say something to you?' 'Do you know Greek?' he replied. 'Aren't you the Egyptian who started a revolt and led four thousand terrorists out into the wilderness?'"Note: The keyword "Latin" is not specifically mentioned in the Bible.


-Definition: The law refers to the commands, rules, and statutes established by God in the Bible to govern the conduct of His people and to guide them in righteous living.

-Mentions: "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them." (Matthew 5:17, NIV)

Lay Hands On

-Definition: The act of placing hands on someone for a specific purpose, such as healing, blessing, or commissioning.

-Mentions: "These signs will accompany those who believe: In my name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all; they will place their hands on sick people, and they will get well." (Mark 16:17-18, NIV)


-Definition: Refers to a substance, typically yeast, used to make dough ferment and rise. In a metaphorical sense, leaven symbolizes corruption, evil, or false teachings.


- "Jesus said to them, 'Watch and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.'" (Matthew 16:6, ESV)

- "Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed." (1 Corinthians 5:6-7, ESV)

Lebanon Mountain Range

-Definition: The Lebanon Mountain Range, also known as Mount Lebanon or the "White Mountain," is a prominent mountain range in the eastern Mediterranean region of the Middle East. Stretching across modern

-day Lebanon and parts of Syria and Israel, it is characterized by its majestic peaks and dense forests, especially known for its iconic cedar trees.

-Mentions: 1. "The glory of Lebanon shall come to you, the juniper, the fir, and the cypress together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary, and I will make the place of my feet glorious."

- Isaiah 60:13 (ESV)2. "Open your doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour your cedars!"

- Zechariah 11:1b (ESV)


-Definition: Legalism refers to a strict adherence to laws, rules, or regulations as a means of earning salvation or favor with God, rather than relying on faith or grace.


- In Luke 11:42, Jesus rebukes the Pharisees, who were known for their legalistic approach to religious observance: "But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others."

- In Galatians 2:16, the apostle Paul addresses the issue of legalism in relation to justification by faith: "Yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified."

Leningrad Codex

-Definition: Written with italic.

-Mentions: Psalm 119:62 "At midnight I rise to give you thanks for your righteous laws."

Leprosy; Leper

-Definition: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves. It causes disfiguring skin sores, nerve damage, and muscle weakness. In the biblical context, leprosy was considered a severe physical affliction and carried significant social and religious implications.

-Mentions: 1. Leviticus 13:2: "When someone has a swelling or a rash or a shiny spot on their skin that may be a defiling skin disease, they must be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons who is a priest."2. Matthew 8:2: "A man with leprosy came and knelt before him and said, 'Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.'"Please note that the Bible uses different terminologies to describe leprosy, such as "skin disease," "defiling skin disease," or "unclean."


-Definition: A small copper coin used in the time of Jesus, worth about 1/128 of a denarius.

- Mentions:

- Mark 12:42 (NIV): "But a poor widow came and put in two very small copper coins, worth only a few cents, called lepta."


-Definition: A small copper or bronze coin used in ancient Judea, valued at the smallest denomination of currency.

- Mentions:

- Mark 12:42: "[...] a poor widow came and put in two very small copper coins, worth only a few cents", referring to the lepton.


-Definition: A powerful sea creature mentioned in the Bible, often associated with chaos and destruction.

- Mentions:Job 41:1-34 "Can you pull in Leviathan with a fishhook or tie down its tongue with a rope? Can you make a pet of it like a bird or put it on a leash for the young women in your house?..."

Loaves Of Presentation

-Definition: These are twelve loaves of bread that were presented before God in the Holy Place of the Tabernacle and later in the Temple. They were placed on the Table of Showbread every Sabbath as an offering to symbolize God's provision for His people.

- Mentions:

- Leviticus 24:5-6 (NASB): "Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two

-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. You shall set them in two rows, six to a row, on the pure table before the Lord."


-Definition: Locusts are a type of insect belonging to the family Acrididae. They are characterized by their ability to swarm and cause considerable damage to crops and vegetation, often leading to devastating consequences for agricultural communities.

- Mentions:1. Exodus 10:4 (NIV): "If you refuse to let them go, I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow."2. Revelation 9:3

-4 (NIV): "And out of the smoke locusts came down on the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth. They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any plant or tree, but only those people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads."


-Definition: A log refers to a piece of wood, often large and thick, used for various purposes such as building, fuel, or construction. In Biblical context, a log is mentioned as a unit of measurement for timber.

- Mentions:

- "Now the house when it was in building was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building. The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third." (1 Kings 6:7



-Definition: A device used for weaving cloth, typically consisting of a frame with threads stretched vertically upon it and a shuttle that is passed horizontally between the threads to create the fabric.

- Mentions:

- Judges 16:13 (NIV): "Delilah then said to Samson, 'All this time you have been making a fool of me and lying to me. Tell me how you can be tied.' He replied, 'If you weave the seven braids of my head into the fabric on the loom and tighten it with the pin, I'll become as weak as any other man.' So while he was sleeping, Delila;h took the seven braids of his head, wove them into the fabric."

- Proverbs 31:19 (NIV): "In her hand she holds the distaff and grasps the spindle with her fingers. She opens her arms to the poor and extends her hands to the needy."

Lord's Day

-Definition: The term "Lord's Day" refers to Sunday, the first day of the week, which is recognized as a special day of observance for Christians. It commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who rose from the dead on the first day of the week.

- Mentions:

- Revelation 1:10 (NIV): "On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet..."

Lord's Supper

-Definition: The Lord's Supper, also known as Communion or the Eucharist, is a Christian sacrament that commemorates the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It involves the partaking of bread and wine, symbolizing the body and blood of Christ, and is considered a sacred celebration within many Christian traditions.

- Mentions:

- 1 Corinthians 11:23-26: "For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, 'This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.' In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, 'This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.' For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes."

Lord's Evening Meal

-Definition: The Lord's Evening Meal, also known as the Last Supper or the Lord's Supper, is a commemorative event observed by Christians to remember and celebrate Jesus Christ's sacrificial death. It involves partaking of bread and wine, symbolizing the body and blood of Jesus.

- Mentions:

- "For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, 'This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.' In the same way, after supper, he took the cup, saying, 'This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.' For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes."

- 1 Corinthians 11:23

-26 (NIV)


-Definition: A method used in the Bible to determine a decision or make a choice. Lots were often used to select someone for a specific task or to determine God's will in a particular situation.

- Mentions:

- Proverbs 16:33 (NIV): "The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the LORD."

- Acts 1:26 (NIV): "Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles."


-Definition: Love is the selfless and compassionate affection and care for others, demonstrated through actions and attitudes, that stems from a genuine concern for their well


- Mentions:"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16, NIV)

Loyal Love

-Definition: Loyal love, also known as steadfast love or covenant love, refers to the unwavering and unfailing devotion, kindness, and faithfulness that God demonstrates towards humanity, and human beings are called to show towards God and others. It is a love that endures despite circumstances and remains constant.

- Mentions:

- Psalm 36:7: "How precious is your steadfast love, O God! The children of mankind take refuge in the shadow of your wings."

- Psalm 136:26: "Give thanks to the God of heaven, for his steadfast love endures forever."


-Definition: Lucifer, also known as the Morning Star, refers to the fallen angel who rebelled against God and was cast out of heaven. The name "Lucifer" in Latin means "light

-bringer" or "morning star."


- Isaiah 14:12 (KJV): "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!"


-Definition: Strong desire or craving, particularly used in the context of immoral or sexual desires. It often involves an intense longing or unrestrained passion.


- "Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, love for the Father is not in them. For everything in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—comes not from the Father but from the world."

- 1 John 2:15-16 (NIV)

- "For all that is in the world—the desires of the flesh and the desires of the eyes and pride of life—is not from the Father but is from the world."

- 1 John 2:16 (ESV)



-Definition: A region in ancient Greece, located in the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula.

-Mentions: Acts 16:9

- "And a vision appeared to Paul in the night: a man of Macedonia was standing there, urging him and saying, 'Come over to Macedonia and help us.'"


-Definition: The Magi were a group of wise men or astrologers from the East who visited Jesus after his birth. They are traditionally known as the "Three Wise Men" or the "Three Kings." They were highly respected for their knowledge of astronomy and interpretation of dreams.


- "Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, 'Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His star in the East and have come to worship Him.'" (Matthew 2:1

-2, NKJV)


-Definition: Magistrates refer to civil officers who are entrusted with the administration of justice and the maintenance of good order in a specific area or jurisdiction.

-Mentions: 1. "Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment." (Romans 13:1

- "Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod -2, ESV)2. "But Paul said to them, 'They have beaten us publicly, uncondemned, men who are Roman citizens, and have thrown us into prison; and do they now throw us out secretly? No! Let them come themselves and take us out.'" (Acts 16:37, ESV)


-Definition: Mahalath is the name of a specific musical term used in the titles of some psalms. It is believed to refer to a particular style or melody of music that accompanied the psalm.

-Mentions: In Psalm 53, the term "Mahalath" is used in the title, indicating that the psalm was to be sung or performed with this specific musical style. (Psalm 53:1, NIV)


-Definition: Malcam is a term referring to a pagan god worshiped by the Ammonites, a neighboring nation of ancient Israel. This deity was often associated with child sacrifice and was condemned by the Hebrew prophets.

-Mentions: "Have I not destroyed the Ammonites, the people of Ammon, whom Malcam dispossessed before his people Israel? And I will bring them back against the people of Ammon and I will possess them."

- Jeremiah 49:1 (ESV)


-Definition: A supernatural food that God provided for the Israelites during their journey in the wilderness.

-Mentions: "So the LORD said to Moses, 'I will rain down bread from heaven for you. The people are to go out each day and gather enough for that day.'"

- Exodus 16:4


-Definition: Manuscripts refer to handwritten copies of ancient texts, including portions or complete books of the Bible. These copies were created before the invention of the printing press and were meticulously transcribed by scribes. They serve as important historical artifacts for the study and preservation of biblical texts.

-Mentions: "And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself." (Luke 24:27, ESV)


-Definition: A legal and spiritual union between a man and a woman, traditionally intended to last for a lifetime and characterized by fidelity, commitment, and mutual support.


- Ephesians 5:31

- "Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh."

- Mark 10:9

- "What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate."


-Definition: A Hebrew word meaning "instruction" or "discerning." It is often used in the titles or introductions of certain psalms to indicate a poetic or musical setting that conveys a sense of instruction or enlightenment.


- Psalm 32: Instruction from King David

- "A Maskil of David. Blessed is the one whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered."

- Psalm 47: Instruction about God's Sovereignty

- "A Maskil of the Sons of Korah. Clap your hands, all you nations; shout to God with cries of joy."


-Definition: A Hebrew term meaning "contemplation" or "instruction" used in the titles of certain psalms. It indicates that the psalm is intended for instruction or teaching purposes.


- Psalm 32: A Maskil of David.

Masoretic Text

-Definition: The Masoretic Text refers to the authoritative Hebrew text of the Jewish Bible (Tanakh), which includes the Old Testament books of the Christian Bible. It is the traditional text of the Hebrew Bible and serves as the foundation for most modern translations.

-Mentions: Zechariah 3:7

- "This is what the Lord Almighty says: 'If you will walk in obedience to me and keep my requirements, then you will govern my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you a place among these standing here.'"

Measuring Reed

-Definition: A measuring reed is a long, straight rod or staff made of a type of plant material, typically ten to twelve feet long. It was used as a standard measurement tool in ancient times, often for measuring buildings or temple dimensions.


- Ezekiel 40:3 (ESV)

- "When he brought me there, behold, there was a man whose appearance was like bronze, with a linen cord and a measuring reed in his hand. And he was standing in the gateway..."

- Revelation 11:1 (ESV)

- "Then I was given a measuring reed like a staff, and I was told, 'Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there.'"

Medes; Media

-Definition: A people who resided in the region of Media, known for their skilled warriors and feared cavalry.

-Mentions: "That same night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was killed. And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty

-two years old." (Daniel 5:30

-31, ESV)


-Definition: A mediator is a person who stands between two parties to help reconcile their differences or settle a dispute.

-Mentions: "For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus," (1 Timothy 2:5, NIV)

Memorial Tomb

-Definition: A burial place or monument erected to commemorate and honor the memory of a particular person or event.

-Mentions: "So Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt."

- Genesis 50:29


-Definition: Merodach, also known as Marduk, was a Babylonian god and the patron deity of the city of Babylon. He was considered the supreme god of the Babylonian pantheon and was associated with power, fertility, and the creation of the world.

-Mentions: Merodach is mentioned in the book of Jeremiah in the Bible in reference to the downfall of Babylon: "Declare among the nations and proclaim, set up a banner and proclaim, conceal it not, and say: 'Babylon is taken, Bel is put to shame, Merodach is dismayed; her images are put to shame, her idols are dismayed.'"

- Jeremiah 50:2 (ESV)


-Definition: The Messiah refers to the anticipated deliverer or savior in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, who is believed to be sent by God to rescue the Jewish people. The term "Messiah" is derived from the Hebrew word "Māšîaḥ," meaning "anointed one."


- Isaiah 9:6 (NIV)

- "For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace."

- John 1:41 (NIV)

- "The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, 'We have found the Messiah' (that is, the Christ)."Please note that various versions or translations of the Bible may use different phrasings for the keyword "Messiah."


-Definition: A figure of speech that compares one thing to another by stating that one thing is another. It is used to create vivid and imaginative descriptions by drawing similarities between unrelated ideas or concepts.


- "I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener." (John 15:1)

- "Jesus answered, 'I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.'" (John 14:6)


-Definition: A Hebrew term meaning "inscription" or "golden psalm." It refers to a specific type of Hebrew poetry found in the ancient book of Psalms, characterized by its literary and musical qualities.

-Mentions: "Keep me, O God, for in you I take refuge. I say to the LORD, 'You are my Lord; I have no good apart from you.' As for the saints in the land, they are the excellent ones, in whom is all my delight. The sorrows of those who run after another god shall multiply; their drink offerings of blood I will not pour out or take their names on my lips. The LORD is my chosen portion and my cup; you hold my lot. The lines have fallen for me in pleasant places; indeed, I have a beautiful inheritance."

- Psalm 16:1

-6 (ESV)


-Definition: Milcom was a pagan god and the chief deity of the Ammonites, a neighboring people of ancient Israel. He was worshipped through various sacrificial rituals, including the burning of children as offerings.

-Mentions: "And Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and did not wholly follow the LORD, as David his father had done. Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Molech the abomination of the Ammonites, on the mountain east of Jerusalem. And so he did for all his foreign wives, who made offerings and sacrificed to their gods. And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart had turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice."

- 1 Kings 11:6



-Definition: Mildew refers to a destructive plant disease that affects crops, causing discoloration, decay, and a powdery growth on the surface of plants or objects.


- Leviticus 14:33

-35 (NIV): "The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 'When you enter the land of Canaan, which I am giving you as your possession, and I put a spreading mildew in a house in that land, the owner of the house must go and tell the priest, 'I have seen something that looks like mildew in my house.'"

- Leviticus 14:39

-43 (NIV): "The priest is to go outside the house and examine the mildew... If the mildew reappears in the house after the stones have been torn out and the house scraped... the house is unclean... It must be torn down..."


-Definition: A unit of distance equivalent to 1,000 paces or approximately 1.5 kilometers.

-Mentions: In Matthew 5:41, Jesus advises his followers, stating, "And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two."


-Definition: The millennium refers to the prophesied period of one thousand years of peace and righteousness that will occur after the Second Coming of Jesus Christ and the defeat of Satan. It is believed to be a time of harmony, where Christ rules and believers are rewarded for their faithfulness.


- "Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also, I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years." (Revelation 20:4, ESV)


-Definition: A heavy stone used to grind grain into flour.

-Mentions: "But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it would be better for him to have a heavy millstone hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depth of the sea." – Matthew 18:6


-Definition: In biblical times, a mina was a unit of weight and currency. It was equivalent to 50 shekels or approximately 1.25 pounds (0.57 kilograms).

-Mentions: "Then another servant came and said, 'Master, here is your mina; I have kept it laid away in a piece of cloth.'" (Luke 19:20, NIV)

Ministerial Servant

-Definition: A role of service within the Christian congregation, filled by appointed men who assist the congregation in various practical matters and support the elders in their spiritual responsibilities.


- "I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae." (Romans 16:1, ESV)

- "They must hold the mystery of the faith with a clear conscience. And let them also be tested first; then let them serve as deacons if they prove themselves blameless." (1 Timothy 3:9

-10, ESV)


-Definition: A supernatural event that defies natural laws and reveals the divine power of God.


- John 2:11

- "What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him."

- Acts 2:22 1

- "Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know."


-Definition: Extraordinary and supernatural events that surpass the laws of nature, often attributed to divine intervention.


- John 2:11

- "What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory, and his disciples believed in him."

- Acts 2:22

- "Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know."


-Definition: The Mishnah is the first major written collection of Jewish oral traditions and interpretations of the Torah. It is composed of six orders, discussing various topics such as agricultural laws, festivals, family life, and civil and criminal laws.


- Matthew 15:2

- "Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? They don't wash their hands before they eat!" (Here, the term "tradition" refers to oral traditions that were later compiled to form the Mishnah.)


-Definition: A purposeful, intentional task or assignment, often with a religious or spiritual significance, that involves sharing or spreading the message of faith, serving others, or fulfilling a divine calling.


- "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." (Matthew 28:19, ESV)

- "For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them." (Ephesians 2:10, ESV)


-Definition: A purposeful, intentional task or assignment, often with a religious or spiritual significance, that involves sharing or spreading the message of faith, serving others, or fulfilling a divine calling.


- "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." (Matthew 28:19, ESV)


-Definition: Molech was an ancient Canaanite deity associated with child sacrifice. It was depicted as a bull

-headed statue with outstretched arms, where children were placed to be killed as an act of worship.

-Mentions: Leviticus 18:21

- "And you shall not let any of your descendants pass through the fire to Molech, nor shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD."


-Definition: The belief in the existence and worship of only one God.


- "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one." (Deuteronomy 6:4, NIV)

Moral Law

-Definition: Moral Law refers to the ethical standards or principles prescribed by God for human behavior. It is the divine guidance concerning right and wrong, good and evil, and encompasses universal moral values.

-Mentions:1. Romans 2:14


- "For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts."2. James 2:8


- "...You shall love your neighbor as yourself. But if you show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become guilty of all of it."

Morning Star

-Definition: The term "Morning Star" refers to the planet Venus, which appears as a bright star in the early morning sky. Symbolically, it represents Jesus Christ as the bringer of light and hope.

-Mentions:Revelation 22:16

- "I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star."

Mosaic Covenant

-Definition: The Mosaic Covenant refers to the agreement made between God and the Israelites through their leader Moses at Mount Sinai. It outlines the laws, regulations, and commandments that the Israelites were to follow in order to maintain a righteous relationship with God.


- Exodus 34:27


- "Then the LORD said to Moses, 'Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.' So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments."

- Deuteronomy 4:13

- "So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, the Ten Commandments; and He wrote them on two tablets of stone."

Moses, Law Of

-Definition: The Law of Moses refers to the set of commandments, statutes, and ordinances given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai. These laws were specific instructions and regulations intended to govern the moral, religious, and social aspects of ancient Israelite life.

-Mentions:"So Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the judgments. And all the people answered with one voice and said, 'All the words which the LORD has said we will do.'"

- Exodus 24:3

Most Holy

-Definition: The term "Most Holy" refers to the ultimate holiness, sacredness, and purity of God. It designates God as being completely separate and exalted above all creation, without any hint of sin or impurity.

-Mentions:1. Exodus 30:10

- "Once a year Aaron shall make atonement on its horns. This annual atonement must be made with the blood of the atoning sin offering for the generations to come. It is most holy to the LORD." (NIV)2. Psalm 99:9

- "Exalt the LORD our God and worship at his holy mountain, for the LORD our God is holy." (NIV)


-Definition: A raised or elevated area of land, often formed by a natural or artificial accumulation of soil or debris.

-Mentions:"But Laban said to him, “If I have found favor in your eyes, please stay. I have learned by divination that the Lord has blessed me because of you.” He added, “Name your wages, and I will pay them.” Jacob said to him, “You know how I have worked for you and how your livestock has fared under my care. The little you had before I came has increased greatly, and the Lord has blessed you wherever I have been. But now, when may I do something for my own household?” “What shall I give you?” he asked. “Don’t give me anything,” Jacob replied. “But if you will do this one thing for me, I will go on tending your flocks and watching over them: Let me go through all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark

-colored lamb and every spotted or speckled goat. They will be my wages. And my honesty will testify for me in the future, whenever you check on the wages you have paid me. Any goat in my possession that is not speckled or spotted, or any lamb that is not dark

-colored, will be considered stolen.” “Agreed,” said Laban. “Let it be as you have said.” That same day he removed all the male goats that were streaked or spotted, and all the speckled or spotted female goats (all that had white on them) and all the dark

-colored lambs, and he placed them in the care of his sons. Then he put a three

-day journey between himself and Jacob, while Jacob continued to tend the rest of Laban’s flocks. Jacob, however, took fresh

-cut branches from poplar, almond and plane trees and made white stripes on them by peeling the bark and exposing the white inner wood of the branches. Then he placed the peeled branches in all the watering troughs, so that they would be directly in front of the flocks when they came to drink. When the flocks were in heat and came to drink, they mated in front of the branches. And they bore young that were streaked or speckled or spotted. Jacob set apart the young of the flock by themselves, but made the rest face the streaked and dark

-colored animals that belonged to Laban. Thus he made separate flocks for himself and did not put them with Laban’s animals. Whenever the stronger females were in heat, Jacob would place the branches in the troughs in front of the animals so they would mate near the branches, but if the animals were weak, he would not place them there. So the weak animals went to Laban and the strong ones to Jacob. In this way, the man grew exceedingly prosperous and came to own large flocks, and female and male servants, and camels and donkeys." (Genesis 30:27

-43, NIV)

Mount Zion

-Definition: Mount Zion refers to both a physical location and a spiritual symbol in the Bible. Physically, it is a hill in Jerusalem, historically known as the City of David, where the fortress was built. Spiritually, it represents God's presence, His chosen people, and the eternal city of Jerusalem in heaven.

-Mentions:"But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering." (Hebrews 12:22, ESV)


-Definition: Mourning refers to the deep sorrow, sadness, and expression of grief over the loss of someone or something. It involves a period of intense mourning and often includes ceremonies and rituals associated with lamentation and the expression of anguish.


- "Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted." (Matthew 5:4, NIV)

- "He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds. He determines the number of the stars and calls them each by name. Great is our Lord and mighty in power; his understanding has no limit." (Psalm 147:3

-5, NIV)



-Definition: Muth

-Labben is a Hebrew phrase that literally translates to "death of the wise" or "death of a certain son." It is believed to be a musical term used in the titles of some Psalms, indicating the melody or tune to which the particular Psalm was meant to be sung.


- Psalm 9:1

-2 (NIV)

- "I will give thanks to you, Lord, with all my heart; I will tell of all your wonderful deeds. I will be glad and rejoice in you; I will sing the praises of your name, O Most High."

- Psalm 46:1

-3 (NIV)

- "God is our refuge and strength, an ever

-present help in trouble. Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea, though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging."


-Definition: A fragrant gum resin obtained from certain trees and used in ancient times for anointing and embalming.


- Genesis 37:25

- "Then they sat down to eat a meal. And as they raised their eyes and looked, behold, a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing aromatic gum and balm and myrrh, on their way to bring them down to Egypt."

- Matthew 2:11

- "After coming into the house they saw the Child with Mary His mother, and they fell to the ground and worshiped Him. Then, opening their treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh."


-Definition: A divine truth or knowledge that was previously hidden or unknown and is revealed by God.


- Ephesians 3:9 (NIV)

- "and to make plain to everyone the administration of this mystery, which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things."

- Colossians 2:2 (NIV)

- "My goal is that they may be encouraged in heart and united in love, so that they may have the full riches of complete understanding, in order that they may know the mystery of God, namely, Christ,"


-Definition: A traditional or legendary story that typically explains the beliefs, customs, or events of a group of people.

-Mentions:"But have nothing to do with irreverent and silly myths. Rather, train yourself in godliness"

- 1 Timothy 4:7 (ESV)


-Definition: A fragrant and precious ointment made from the aromatic root of the spikenard plant, often used in ancient times for anointing guests or loved ones as a sign of honor and respect.

-Mentions:The significant mention of nard is found in the New Testament in the Gospel of Mark (14:3): "And being in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper, as He sat at the table, a woman came having an alabaster flask of very costly oil of spikenard. Then she broke the flask and poured it on His head." Here, a woman anoints Jesus with expensive nard as an act of deep devotion.

Natural Law

-Definition: Natural Law refers to a set of moral principles or ethical standards that are inherent in the nature of humanity and the world, believed to be discernible through reason and observation of the natural order. It is considered to be universal and unchanging, applicable to all people and societies.

-Mentions:Romans 2:14


- "Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law. They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times even defending them."

Natural Revelation

-Definition: Natural Revelation refers to the knowledge of God and His attributes that can be obtained through observing the natural world and understanding the innate human moral conscience. It is the knowledge of God that can be gained by looking at His creation, such as the beauty and complexity of nature, and by recognizing the existence of a moral law written on the hearts of humans.


- Romans 1:20 (ESV)

- "For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse."

Nature, God's

-Definition: The nature of God refers to His essential characteristics, qualities, and attributes that define His being. It encompasses His divine attributes such as love, holiness, omnipotence, omniscience, and immutability, among others. God's nature is perfect and eternal, and it reveals His essence as the Creator and Sustainer of all things.


- Psalm 19:1

- "The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands."

- Romans 1:20

- "For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse."


-Definition: A term used to refer to Jesus Christ, highlighting his association with the town of Nazareth.

-Mentions:"He went and lived in a town called Nazareth. So was fulfilled what was said through the prophets, that he would be called a Nazarene." (Matthew 2:23, NIV)


-Definition: A person in ancient Israel who took a special vow of consecration to the Lord, committing themselves to a period of abstinence from certain activities and substances, including cutting their hair.

-Mentions: Numbers 6:1


- "The Lord said to Moses, 'Speak to the Israelites and say to them: "If a man or woman wants to make a special vow, a vow of dedication to the Lord as a Nazirite, they must abstain from wine and other fermented drink and must not drink vinegar made from wine or other fermented drink. They must not drink grape juice or eat grapes or raisins. As long as they remain under their Nazirite vow, they must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine, not even the seeds or skins. During the entire period of their Nazirite vow, no razor may be used on their head. They must be holy until the period of their dedication to the Lord is over; they must let their hair grow long. Throughout the period of their dedication to the Lord, the Nazirite must not go near a dead body."'"


-Definition: An enigmatic term used in the title of Psalm 5, possibly indicating the musical instrument or melody to be employed in the performance of the psalm. The exact meaning of the word remains uncertain.


- "To the chief Musician upon Nehiloth, A Psalm of David." (Psalm 5:1, KJV)


-Definition: The Nephilim were a race of giants or powerful beings mentioned in the Bible, specifically in the Book of Genesis. The term "Nephilim" is often believed to derive from the Hebrew root word meaning "fallen ones." They are described as offspring of the "sons of God" and the "daughters of men." The true nature and identity of the Nephilim have been subject to various interpretations and debates among scholars.

-Mentions:"The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went to the daughters of humans and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown." (Genesis 6:4, NIV)


-Aland Greek Text

-Definition: The Nestle

-Aland Greek Text is the standard critical edition of the Greek New Testament. It is a scholarly edition that provides an authoritative and reliable representation of the original Greek manuscripts of the New Testament.

-Mentions: 1 Corinthians 15:3

-4: "For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures." (Nestle

-Aland Greek Text is used by scholars to ensure accuracy in translating and understanding the original Greek wording.)


-Definition: The Nethinim were a group of individuals who served as temple servants or assistants in the Second Temple period in ancient Israel. They were likely descendants of the Gibeonites whom Joshua had assigned to the work of the Tabernacle during the time of the conquest of Canaan.

-Mentions: Ezra 8:20

- "And of the Nethinim, whom David and the princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinim: all of them were expressed by name."

New Moon

-Definition: The New Moon refers to the first visible crescent of the moon after it moves into conjunction with the sun. It marks the beginning of a new lunar month and plays a significant role in religious observances and the Hebrew calendar.

-Mentions: "And in the beginnings of your months, you shall present a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs of the first year without spot" (Numbers 28:11, ESV).

New Testament (Nt)

-Definition: The New Testament refers to the second division of the Christian Bible, containing 27 books that document the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as well as the early Christian community and their teachings.

-Mentions: "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16, ESV)

New World Bible Translation Committee

-Definition: The New World Bible Translation Committee was a group of translators commissioned by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society (the organization associated with Jehovah's Witnesses) to produce the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures. This translation is specific to the beliefs and doctrines of Jehovah's Witnesses and aims to provide an accurate rendering of the Bible into modern English.

-Mentions: "And I saw another angel flying in midheaven, and he had everlasting good news to declare to those who dwell on the earth, to every nation and tribe and tongue and people." (Revelation 14:6, New World Translation)


-Definition: A sect or group of individuals mentioned in the book of Revelation who followed the teachings of a person called Nicolaus. Their exact beliefs and practices are not clearly known, but they are condemned for their immorality and idolatry.

-Mentions: "Yet this you have: you hate the works of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate."

- Revelation 2:6


-Definition: Nisan is the first month of the Hebrew calendar, corresponding to the months of March

-April in the Gregorian calendar. It is a significant month in Jewish history, as it commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and the beginning of their journey to the Promised Land.


- "This month (Nisan) shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you." (Exodus 12:2, NIV)

- "On the fourteenth day of the first month (Nisan) at twilight is the LORD's Passover." (Leviticus 23:5, NASB)



-Definition: An oath is a solemn or formal declaration, often made in the name of God or by invoking divine authority, affirming the truth of a statement or the fulfillment of a promise, and calling on God to witness it.


- Deuteronomy 6:13 (NIV)

- "Fear the Lord your God, serve him only and take your oaths in his name."

- Hebrews 6:16 (NIV)

- "People swear by someone greater than themselves, and the oath confirms what is said and puts an end to all argument."

Old Testament (Ot)

-Definition: The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Bible, is the sacred scripture of Judaism and the first part of the Christian Bible. It consists of religious writings and historical accounts that were originally written in Hebrew and Aramaic.


- Genesis 6:9

- "This is the account of Noah and his family. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God."


-Definition: The last letter of the Greek alphabet, symbolizing the end or finality.

-Mentions: "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty." (Revelation 1:8, ESV)


-Definition: A unit of measure used in the Bible to measure the amount of manna received by the Israelites during their time in the wilderness. It is believed to be equivalent to around 3.6 liters or approximately 1/10th of an ephah.

-Mentions: "When they measured it with an omer, the one who gathered much did not have too much, and the one who gathered little did not have too little. Everyone had gathered just as much as they needed." (Exodus 16:18, NIV)


-Definition: Omnipotence refers to the absolute and unlimited power and authority of God. It signifies God's ability to do all things, without any limitations or constraints.


- "Ah, Sovereign LORD, you have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and outstretched arm. Nothing is too hard for you." (Jeremiah 32:17, NIV)

- "For nothing will be impossible with God." (Luke 1:37, ESV)


-Definition: The attribute of God whereby He is present everywhere at the same time, fully and completely.


- "Am I only a God nearby," declares the Lord, "and not a God far away? Who can hide in secret places so that I cannot see them?" declares the Lord. "Do not I fill heaven and earth?" declares the Lord. (Jeremiah 23:23

-24, NIV)


-Definition: The attribute of God whereby He is present everywhere at the same time, fully and completely.


- Proverbs 15:3 (ESV)

- "The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good."

- Psalm 139:1

-4 (ESV)

- "O LORD, you have searched me and known me! You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways. Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O LORD, you know it altogether."


-Definition: A precious stone often used in ornamental settings, known for its layers of black and white or dark brown and white bands.


- Exodus 25:7

- "onyx stones and other gemstones to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece."

- Ezekiel 28:13

- "You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz, and emerald, chrysolite, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and beryl. Goldwork of tambourines and of flutes were prepared for you on the day you were created."

Original Sin

-Definition: Original sin refers to the state of inherited sinful nature that every human being is born with as a consequence of the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. It is the fallen, sinful condition that separates all humanity from God.


- Romans 5:12 (NIV): "Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned."


-Definition: Orthodoxy refers to the set of beliefs and practices that are considered true and correct within a particular religious tradition or denomination. It encompasses the accepted doctrines, teachings, and customs established by religious authorities.

-Mentions: "Hold fast to the orthodox teaching we passed on to you, both in speech and in practice."

- 1 Timothy 1:13


-Definition: An overseer refers to a person who has been appointed by a church or a group of churches to have authority and leadership in guiding and caring for the spiritual well

-being of the congregation. An overseer is responsible for the oversight, guidance, and pastoral care of the church.


- "The saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a noble task." (1 Timothy 3:1, ESV)

- "Pay careful attention to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood." (Acts 20:28, ESV)


-Definition: Pagan refers to an individual who adheres to a polytheistic belief system, worshiping multiple gods or deities commonly associated with nature, mythology, or other supernatural entities. This term is often used to describe practices or beliefs that are non


-Christian in nature.


- "For they themselves report concerning us the kind of reception we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God" (1 Thessalonians 1:9, ESV).

- "and you shall not intermarry with them, giving your daughters to their sons or taking their daughters for your sons, for they would turn away your sons from following me, to serve other gods. Then the anger of the LORD would be kindled against you, and he would destroy you quickly" (Deuteronomy 7:3

-4, ESV).


-Definition: Papyrus refers to a writing material made from the papyrus plant, commonly used in ancient times. It was made by cutting strips from the stem of the plant, placing them in layers, and pressing them together, resulting in a writing surface.

-Mentions: Exodus 2:3

- "But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile."


-Definition: A parable is a short story or narrative that uses allegory or symbolism to convey a moral or spiritual lesson. It often contains fictional characters, settings, and events, which represent deeper truths or teachings.


- "And he said, 'The kingdom of God is as if a man should scatter seed on the ground. He sleeps and rises night and day, and the seed sprouts and grows; he knows not how.'" (Mark 4:26

-27, ESV)


-Definition: Paradise refers to the biblical concept of a place of ultimate bliss and perfection. It is often described as a state of eternal happiness and peace, free from the troubles and sorrows of the world.

-Mentions:In the book of Luke, Jesus speaks of paradise during his conversation with one of the criminals who was crucified alongside him: "And Jesus said to him, 'Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise.'" (Luke 23:43, ESV)


-Definition: A paradox is a statement or concept that appears to be contradictory or logically impossible, but when analyzed further, reveals a deeper truth.


- "For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it." (Matthew 16:25, NIV)

- "For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted." (Luke 14:11, NIV)


-Definition: a writing material made from the prepared skin of a sheep or goat, used extensively in ancient times for writing texts

-Mentions: 2 Timothy 4:13

- "When you come, bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas, and my scrolls, especially the parchments."

Party Followers Of Herod

-Definition: The Party Followers of Herod were a group of individuals who supported and aligned themselves with Herod, a ruler during the biblical era. They were known for their loyalty to Herod and often worked to maintain and advance his political influence and power.


- Luke 23:12: "That day Herod and Pilate became friends


-before this, they had been enemies."


-Definition: Passover refers to a Jewish festival commemorating the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. It is celebrated annually with a ceremonial meal known as the Seder, during which the story of the Exodus is retold.

-Mentions: Exodus 12:11 (ESV)

- "In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord's Passover."


-Definition: A spiritual leader or shepherd who is responsible for guiding, teaching, and caring for a religious congregation.


- "And he gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ."

- Ephesians 4:11

-12 (NASB)


-Definition: The ability to endure difficult circumstances or delays without becoming frustrated or giving up. It involves maintaining composure and self

-control in the face of challenges.


- Romans 12:12

- "Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer."

- James 5:7


- "Be patient, therefore, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient about it, until it receives the early and the late rains. You also, be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand."


-Definition: A male leader or head of a family or tribe, typically considered to be the ancestor of a lineage or clan.

-Mentions: Genesis 12:5

- "Abram took his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot, all the possessions they had accumulated, and the people they had acquired in Harran, and they set out for the land of Canaan. When they came to the land of Canaan,"


-Definition: Referring to the writings, teachings, or beliefs of the apostle Paul.

-Mentions: Acts 9:15


- "But the Lord said to Ananias, 'Go! This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel. I will show him how much he must suffer for my name.'"


-Definition: In Hebrew, Peniel means "Face of God" or "God's face." It refers to a place mentioned in the Old Testament where Jacob wrestled with a divine being or angel and was given the name Israel.

-Mentions: Genesis 32:30 (NIV)


- "So Jacob called the place Peniel, saying, 'It is because I saw God face to face, and yet my life was spared.'"


-Definition: The Pentateuch refers to the first five books of the Hebrew Bible (or the Old Testament) namely Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. It is also known as the "Five Books of Moses" or the "Torah" in Judaism, and is considered a foundational text in both Judaism and Christianity.


- Genesis 1:1

- "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." (NIV)

- Deuteronomy 5:1

- "Moses summoned all Israel and said: Hear, Israel, the decrees and laws I declare in your hearing today. Learn them and be sure to follow them!" (NIV)


-Definition: Pentecost is a Christian festival celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles and other followers of Jesus. It is often regarded as the birth of the Christian Church.

-Mentions: "When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them." (Acts 2:1

-4, NIV)


-Definition: Perichoresis refers to the concept of mutual indwelling or interpenetration within the Trinity. It describes the perfect unity and intimate relationship between the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, highlighting their distinctiveness and yet their complete oneness in essence and purpose.


- John 17:21 (NIV): "that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me."


-Definition: Perseverance, in the context of the Bible, refers to the act of steadfastly persisting in one's faith and commitment to God, especially in times of trials, tribulations, and challenges. It is the quality of endurance and unwavering loyalty to God's teachings, despite various obstacles or setbacks along the way.


- 2 Timothy 4:7 (NIV)

- "I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith."

- Hebrews 12:1

-2 (NIV)

- "Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith."

Persia; Persians

-Definition: -Definition: Refers to the ancient empire of Persia and its people. Persia was a dominant power in the Near East during biblical times, and the Persians are mentioned in relation to their interactions with the Israelites and other nations.

-Mentions: 1. Daniel 5:28

- "Peres: Your kingdom has been divided and given to the Medes and Persians."2. Ezra 1:1

- "In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD spoken by Jeremiah, the LORD moved the heart of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing."


-Definition: A deadly and contagious epidemic disease, often associated with widespread death and suffering.

-Mentions: "Or if I send pestilence into that land and pour out my wrath upon it with blood, to cut off from it man and beast."

- Ezekiel 14:19 (ESV)


-Definition: A title given to the ancient Egyptian kings or rulers.

-Mentions: 1. Genesis 12:15

- "And when the princes of Pharaoh saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh; so the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house."2. Exodus 5:1

- "Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, 'This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: Let my people go, so that they may hold a festival to me in the wilderness.'"


-Definition: A member of a Jewish sect noted for its strict adherence to ceremonial and dietary laws and its self



- "But go and learn what this means: 'I desire mercy, not sacrifice.' For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners."

- Matthew 9:13

- "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You shut the door of the kingdom of heaven in people's faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let those enter who are trying to."

- Matthew 23:13

Philistia; Philistines

-Definition: A region and people group mentioned in the Bible, known for their conflicts with the Israelites. The Philistines were a coastal people who settled in Philistia, an area located in present

-day southern Israel and the Gaza Strip.


- 1 Samuel 17:1: "Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle and were assembled at Socoh, which belongs to Judah."

- Judges 14:1: "Samson went down to Timnah, and at Timnah he saw one of the daughters of the Philistines."


-Definition: Philo refers to Philo of Alexandria, also known as Philo Judaeus, who was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher. He lived from 20 BCE to 50 CE and sought to reconcile Greek philosophy with Jewish religious thought.


- Acts 18:24

-26 (NKJV): "Now a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of the Lord, though he knew only the baptism of John. So he began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately."(Note: Although Philo himself is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible, this verse mentions Alexandria, where Philo lived, and could be related to his teachings indirectly.)


-Definition: Phoenicia refers to an ancient coastal region located in present

-day Lebanon and parts of Syria. It was known for its thriving maritime trade and renowned for its expert shipbuilding, purple dye production, and skilled sailors.

-Mentions: The Bible mentions Phoenicia in various verses, including:1. Acts 11:19

- "Now those who had been scattered by the persecution that broke out when Stephen was killed traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus and Antioch, spreading the word only among Jews."2. Acts 21:2

- "We found a ship crossing over to Phoenicia, went on board and set sail."


-Definition: A small leather box containing scripture verses, worn by Jewish men during prayer as a reminder of God's commandments.

-Mentions: "And they do all their deeds to be seen by others. For they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long" (Matthew 23:5, ESV).


-Definition: A structural element that provides support and stability in buildings or architecture. In a metaphorical sense, it symbolizes strength, firmness, and the enduring nature of God's presence.

-Mentions: 1. "Then Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar."

- Genesis 28:18 (NIV)2. "To the one who is victorious, I will make a pillar in the temple of my God."

- Revelation 3:12 (NIV)


-Definition: A unit of measure mentioned in the Bible, used specifically for weighing precious metals such as silver or gold. It is believed to be equivalent to the shekel, with the exact weight varying across different time periods and regions.


- Exodus 30:13 (New International Version)"Each one who crosses over to those already counted is to give a half shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, which weighs twenty gerahs. This half shekel is an offering to the Lord."

- 1 Kings 10:17 (New Living Translation)"He also made 300 small shields of hammered gold, with three minas of gold in each shield. The king placed these shields in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon."


-Definition: A pledge refers to a solemn promise, agreement, or commitment made by one party to another. It is a binding agreement that often involves the exchange or guarantee of something valuable. Pledges can be made between individuals, between individuals and God, or between God and humanity.

-Mentions: 1. Genesis 17:9


- "God also said to Abraham, 'As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised.'"2. Deuteronomy 7:12

- "If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then the Lord your God will keep his covenant of love with you, as he swore to your ancestors."


-Definition: Pneumatology refers to the study of the Holy Spirit, examining His nature, role, and work within the realm of Christian theology.

-Mentions: Acts 2:4

- "And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance."


-Definition: Polytheism is the belief in and worship of multiple gods or deities.

-Mentions: Exodus 20:3 (NIV)

- "You shall have no other gods before me."


-Definition: Porneia refers to sexual immorality or sexual misconduct encompassing a range of forbidden sexual activities, including but not limited to adultery, fornication, incest, prostitution, and all forms of sexual behavior considered illicit according to biblical standards.


- "It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality (porneia) among you, and of a kind that even pagans do not tolerate..."

- 1 Corinthians 5:1 (NIV)

- "But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality (porneia), makes her the victim of adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman commits adultery."

- Matthew 5:32 (NIV)


-Definition: A potter is a craftsman who shapes clay into pottery using a potter's wheel or other techniques.

-Mentions: Jeremiah 18:1


- "This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD: 'Go down to the potter’s house, and there I will give you my message.' So I went down to the potter’s house, and I saw him working at the wheel. But the pot he was shaping from the clay was marred in his hands; so, the potter formed it into another pot, shaping it as seemed best to him. Then the word of the LORD came to me. He said, 'Can I not do with you, Israel, as this potter does?' declares the LORD. 'Like clay in the hand of the potter, so are you in my hand, Israel.'"

Praetorian Guard

-Definition: The Praetorian Guard refers to a select group of elite soldiers responsible for protecting high

-ranking officials and the Roman Emperor in ancient Rome. They were handpicked for their loyalty, skill, and physical strength, rendering them a formidable military force.


- Philippians 1:13 (NIV): "As a result, it has become clear throughout the whole palace guard and to everyone else that I am in chains for Christ."


-Definition: The praetorium refers to the official residence or headquarters of a Roman governor or commanding officer. It was often a large, fortified structure and served as the administrative center of Roman authority in a particular region.

-Mentions: In the New Testament, the term "praetorium" is mentioned in several instances, primarily in reference to the place where Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea, conducted the trial of Jesus before his crucifixion. One such mention can be found in Mark 15:16

-20 (NIV): "The soldiers led Jesus away into the palace (that is, the Praetorium) and called together the whole company of soldiers."


-Definition: Prayer is the act of communicating with God, either through spoken words or silent thoughts, expressing one's thoughts, desires, concerns, and gratitude while seeking a deeper connection with the Divine.


- "Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God." (Philippians 4:6, NIV)

- "And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words." (Matthew 6:7, NIV)


-Definition: Predestination is the belief that before the beginning of time, God predetermined and chose certain individuals to be saved and have eternal life.

-Mentions: Ephesians 1:5


- "He predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved."


-Definition: In the Bible, a prefect refers to a regional or provincial ruler or leader who has authority over a specific area and commands a division of troops or officials.

-Mentions: 1. "In those days, a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria."

- Luke 2:1

-22. "And they began to accuse him, saying, 'We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Messiah, a king.' So Pilate asked Jesus, 'Are you the king of the Jews?' 'You have said so,' Jesus replied. Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, 'I find no basis for a charge against this man.'"

- Luke 23:2



-Definition: The act of making ready or getting ready for something, particularly in a spiritual or religious context. It involves taking the necessary steps to be properly equipped or positioned for a specific purpose or event.


- Luke 23:54 (NIV)

- "It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin."

- Mark 14:12 (NIV)

- "On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb, Jesus' disciples asked him, 'Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover?'"


-Definition: The state or fact of being present; the act of being in a particular place at a particular time; the condition of being near or with someone.


- "The Lord is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth." (Psalm 145:18, NIV)

- "You make known to me the path of life; in your presence, there is fullness of joy; at your right hand are pleasures forevermore." (Psalm 16:11, ESV)


-Definition: A religious leader ordained to perform certain rituals and duties within a specific religious tradition, often acting as an intermediary between God and humans.


- Exodus 19:22 (NIV)

- "Even the priests, who approach the Lord, must consecrate themselves, or the Lord will break out against them."

- Leviticus 21:10 (NIV)

- "The high priest, the one among his brothers who has had the anointing oil poured on his head and who has been ordained to wear the priestly garments, must not let his hair become unkempt or tear his clothes."


-Definition: The priesthood refers to the religious office and duties of a priest, who acts as an intermediary between God and humanity, performing sacred rituals and offering sacrifices on behalf of the people.


- "And you shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests."

- Exodus 28:41 (ESV)

- "But you shall be called the priests of the Lord; they shall speak of you as the ministers of our God..."

- Isaiah 61:6 (ESV)


-Definition: A Roman official who served as a governor or magistrate of a province.

-Mentions: Acts 13:7

- "He was an attendant of the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, a man of intelligence, who summoned Barnabas and Saul and sought to hear the word of God."


-Definition: Prophecy refers to a divine message or revelation conveyed by a prophet, a person chosen by God to deliver His words. It involves the foretelling of future events, the proclamation of God's will, and the impartation of spiritual guidance and insight. Prophecy can also serve as a means of edification, exhortation, and consolation for believers.


- "Surely the Sovereign Lord does nothing without revealing his plan to his servants the prophets." (Amos 3:7, NIV)


-Definition: A prophet is an individual chosen by God to speak on His behalf and deliver His messages to the people. Prophets are often revered as spiritual guides and leaders, possessing the ability to foresee future events and provide divine guidance and warnings to the people.

-Mentions: Jeremiah 1:5


- "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations."


-Definition: Propitiation refers to the act of appeasing or satisfying God's wrath and justice by means of an offering or sacrifice. It is a means by which sin is atoned for and God's righteous demands are met.


- Romans 3:25 (ESV)

- "whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God's righteousness because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins."

- 1 John 2:2 (ESV)

- "He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world."

Propitiatory Cover

-Definition: The propitiatory cover is a term used to refer to the lid or cover of the Ark of the Covenant in the Israelite tabernacle and later in the temple. It was made of pure gold and served as a symbolic representation of God's presence and mercy. It was also known as the mercy seat.

-Mentions: Exodus 25:17


- "And you shall make a mercy seat of pure gold... And there I will meet with you, and I will speak with you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the Testimony."


-Definition: A person who converts from one religious belief or opinion to another, particularly someone who converts to Judaism.

-Mentions: Acts 2:10 "Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes,"


-Definition: A prostitute refers to a person who engages in sexual acts in exchange for payment or other material benefits. In biblical context, prostitution often symbolizes spiritual unfaithfulness and idolatry.


- Leviticus 19:29 (NIV)

- "Do not degrade your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the land will turn to prostitution and be filled with wickedness."

- 1 Corinthians 6:15

-16 (NIV)

- "Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ himself? Shall I then take the members of Christ and unite them with a prostitute? Never! Do you not know that he who unites himself with a prostitute is one with her in body? For it is said, 'The two will become one flesh.'"


-Definition: A Christian belonging to a branch of Christianity that originated during the Reformation in the 16th century, specifically protesting against certain beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Protestants emphasize the authority of Scripture, justification by faith, and the priesthood of all believers.


- Romans 1:17

- "For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, 'The righteous shall live by faith.'"


-Definition: A short, concise saying that conveys a moral or practical truth, often based on common sense or experience.

-Mentions: "The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge" (Proverbs 1:7, New International Version).Please note that the Bible has an entire book called "Proverbs" which is a collection of such sayings.


-Definition: Providence refers to the divine guidance and care of God over all creation, controlling events in order to fulfill His ultimate purpose.


- "And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose."

- Romans 8:28

- "The LORD is good to all; he has compassion on all he has made."

- Psalm 145:9


-Definition: A sacred song or hymn, often expressing praise, thanksgiving, or lament, found in the Book of Psalms in the Bible.

-Mentions: "Let everything that has breath praise the LORD. Praise the LORD!" (Psalm 150:6, NIV)


-Definition: Purim is a Jewish holiday observed annually to celebrate the deliverance of the Jewish people as recounted in the Book of Esther. It is a joyous festival marked by feasting, gift

-giving, and merriment.

-Mentions: The festival of Purim is mentioned in the book of Esther in the Bible. Esther 9:26

-28 states, "Therefore these days were called Purim, from the word Pur. Because of all the instructions in this letter, both what they had seen in this regard and what had happened to them, the Jews established and made a custom for themselves and for their future descendants, and for all those who would commit themselves to observe these two days according to what was written concerning them. So they made it an annual commemoration of these days as a time for feasting and happiness, of sending gifts to one another and to the poor."



-Definition: A small Roman coin worth one

-fourth of an as, or one sixty

-fourth of a denarius.

-Mentions: In Mark 12:42, Jesus observes a poor widow who contributes to the temple treasury, stating "Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put more into the treasury than all the others. They all gave out of their wealth; but she, out of her poverty, put in everything—all she had to live on." The Greek term used for the coin the widow offered is lepton, which was the smallest denomination in circulation at that time and is commonly believed to be equivalent to the Roman quadrans.

Queen of Heaven

-Definition: The Queen of Heaven refers to a title given to a deity or female figure who holds a position of supreme power, authority, or sovereignty. In biblical contexts, the term is associated with a pagan goddess worshiped by the ancient Israelites, often considered to be a false deity.


- Jeremiah 7:18 (NIV)

- "The children gather wood, the fathers light the fire, and the women knead the dough and make cakes to offer to the Queen of Heaven. They pour out drink offerings to other gods to arouse my anger."

- Jeremiah 44:17 (NIV)

- "We will certainly do everything we said we would: We will burn incense to the Queen of Heaven and will pour out drink offerings to her just as we and our ancestors, our kings and our officials did in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. At that time we had plenty of food and were well off and suffered no harm."


-Definition: A archaeological site located near the Dead Sea in Israel, where a community of Jews known as the Essenes lived during the Second Temple period from the 2nd century BCE to the 1st century CE. The site is famous for the discovery of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls, which provided valuable insight into ancient Jewish life and religious practices.

-Mentions: "He went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins, as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah, 'The voice of one crying out in the wilderness: 'Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.' Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways made smooth; and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.'" (Luke 3:3

-6, ESV)


-Definition: A term used to address a Jewish teacher or master, indicating respect and authority in matters of religious interpretation and law.


- John 1:38

- Jesus turned and saw them following him and said to them, "What are you seeking?" And they said to him, "Rabbi" (which means Teacher), "where are you staying?"

- John 3:2

- This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do unless God is with him."


-Definition: Rahab was a woman mentioned in the Bible who played a significant role in the story of Joshua. She was a prostitute living in the city of Jericho who housed two Israelite spies sent by Joshua to gather information about the city.


- Joshua 2:1


- "Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. 'Go, look over the land,' he said, 'especially Jericho.' So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there...'"


-Definition: A payment or sacrifice offered to secure the release or freedom of someone who is held captive or enslaved. In a spiritual sense, the concept of ransom is closely tied to the idea of redemption, where Jesus Christ's sacrificial death serves as the ultimate ransom for the salvation of humanity.

-Mentions: Matthew 20:28

- "just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."


-Definition: The Rapture refers to the belief in some Christian traditions that believers in Jesus Christ will be taken up to meet him in the air at his second coming, before a period of tribulation on Earth.

-Mentions: "For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever."

- 1 Thessalonians 4:16

-17 (NIV)


-Definition: Reconciliation refers to the process of restoring a friendly and peaceful relationship between two parties who were previously in conflict or estranged from each other. In a spiritual context, it often refers to the restoration of a broken relationship between God and humanity through forgiveness and the atonement provided by Jesus Christ.


- "All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation." (2 Corinthians 5:18, NIV)

- "For if, while we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life!" (Romans 5:10, NIV)


-Definition: Redemption refers to the act of buying back or delivering someone from bondage, slavery, or captivity. In a spiritual sense, it involves the liberation from sin and the consequences of sin through the payment of a ransom.


- "In him [Jesus] we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace." (Ephesians 1:7, ESV)

- "For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many." (Mark 10:45, ESV)


-Definition: A tall, slender plant that grows near water and has a hollow stem.

-Mentions: "As a canary

-bird by flocks has she become in the midst of her waters, because the Egyptian restraint from nations. Also in her was there no end to reeds" (Ezekiel 31:7, KJV).


-Definition: Regeneration refers to the spiritual transformation and renewal of a person's heart and mind by the power of the Holy Spirit. It is a divine act that brings about a new birth and enables believers to experience a personal relationship with God.

-Mentions: 1. "He saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit" (Titus 3:5, ESV).2. "Jesus said to them, “Truly, I say to you, in the new world, when the Son of Man will sit on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for my name's sake, will receive a hundredfold and will inherit eternal life. But many who are first will be last, and the last first" (Matthew 19:28

-30, ESV).


-Definition: Reincarnation is the belief that an individual's soul is reborn into a new body after death, based on the concept of cyclical or continuous existence. It suggests that the soul undergoes multiple cycles of birth, death, and rebirth until it achieves spiritual enlightenment or a state of liberation.


- Ecclesiastes 12:7 (NIV)

- "and the dust returns to the ground it came from, and the spirit returns to God who gave it."

- Hebrews 9:27 (NIV)

- "Just as people are destined to die once, and after that to face judgment."


-Definition: Religion refers to a set of beliefs, practices, and rituals followed by individuals or a community, typically involving devotion or worship of a deity or deities, and often accompanied by a moral code for guiding behavior.


- James 1:26

-27 (NIV)

- "Those who consider themselves religious and yet do not keep a tight rein on their tongues deceive themselves, and their religion is worthless. Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world."


-Definition: To feel remorse or regret for one's sins, leading to a change of heart and turning away from sinful behavior, with a desire to follow God's will.

-Mentions:"Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord." (Acts 3:19, NIV)


-Definition: Repentance refers to the act of acknowledging one's sins, feeling remorse or regret for them, and turning away from them with the intention to change and lead a righteous life.


- Matthew 3:2

- "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near."

- Acts 2:38

- "Peter replied, 'Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'"


-Definition: The act of coming back to life after death. In Christian theology, it specifically refers to Jesus Christ rising from the dead after his crucifixion.


- "Jesus said to her, 'I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die; and whoever lives by believing in me will never die. Do you believe this?'" (John 11:25

-26, NIV)

- "And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins..." (1 Corinthians 15:17, NIV)


-Definition: The last book of the New Testament, also known as the Apocalypse, containing prophetic visions and symbolic imagery revealing the future events leading up to the end of the world.

-Mentions:Revelation 1:1


- "The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, who testifies to everything he saw—that is, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ."


-Definition: Respect and deep admiration for something or someone, often associated with a sense of awe, honor, and humility.


- "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction."

- Proverbs 1:7

- "Honor everyone. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the emperor."

- 1 Peter 2:17


-Definition: A title meaning "my teacher" or "my master," used by Mary Magdalene to address Jesus after His resurrection.

-Mentions:John 20:16

- "Jesus said to her, 'Mary!' She turned and said to Him, 'Rabboni!' (which is to say, Teacher)."

Rhetorical Question

-Definition: A figure of speech used to make a point or emphasize a statement, where a question is asked for effect or to make a persuasive or rhetorical argument, but no answer is expected or required.


- "What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?" (Romans 8:31, ESV)

- "Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?" (Romans 9:21, ESV)


-Definition: Righteousness refers to the moral and ethical quality of being morally upright, just, and obedient to God's laws.

-Mentions:1. "For the Lord is righteous; he loves righteous deeds; the upright shall behold his face."

- Psalm 11:7 (ESV)2. "But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you."

- Matthew 6:33 (ESV)

Root Word

-Definition: The root word refers to the basic or foundational word from which other words are derived. It is the most primitive form of a word that carries its essential meaning.


- Matthew 13:6 (NIV)

- "But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root."

- Colossians 2:7 (NIV)

- "rooted and built up in him, strengthened in the faith as you were taught, and overflowing with thankfulness."



-Definition: The Sabbath refers to the seventh day of the week, observed as a day of rest and worship in Judaism and Christianity. It is a sacred day set apart for spiritual and physical renewal, characterized by abstaining from work and dedicating time to worship, prayer, and reflection.


- Exodus 20:8


- "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God."

- Mark 2:27

- "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath."


-Definition: A coarse, rough cloth made from goat or camel hair, often worn as a sign of mourning or repentance.

-Mentions:1. "When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry."

- Esther 4:12. "Yet even now," declares the LORD, "return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments." Return to the LORD your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster."

- Joel 2:12



-Definition: A religious ritual or ceremony that symbolizes and represents a sacred element of the Christian faith.


- “And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.’ And likewise, the cup after they had eaten, saying, ‘This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.’” (Luke 22:19

-20, ESV)

- “And when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, ‘This is my body, which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.’” (1 Corinthians 11:24, ESV)

Sacred Pillar

-Definition: A sacred pillar, also known as a standing stone or obelisk, is a vertical stone structure that holds religious or spiritual significance. It is often erected to commemorate an important event or as a symbol of worship.

-Mentions:1. Genesis 28:18

- "Early the next morning Jacob took the stone he had placed under his head and set it up as a pillar and poured oil on top of it."2. Exodus 24:4

- "Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said. He got up early the next morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve sacred pillars, one for each of the twelve tribes of Israel."

Sacred Pole

-Definition: A wooden pole or object that was worshipped as a religious symbol or used in idolatrous practices.


- "They set up sacred pillars and Asherah poles for themselves on every high hill and under every green tree."

- 1 Kings 14:23 (NIV)

- "So they continued to practice all the sins of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit. They did not turn away from them, until the LORD removed Israel from his presence, as he had warned through all his servants the prophets. So, Israel was exiled from their homeland to Assyria until today. Moreover, the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, and settled them in the cities of Samaria in place of the people of Israel. They took possession of Samaria and lived in its cities. When they first lived there, they did not fear the LORD. So, the LORD sent lions among them, which killed some of them. So, they reported to the king of Assyria, 'The nations whom you sent away and settled in the cities of Samaria do not know how to worship the god of that land, so he sent lions among them, and now they are killing them, because they do not know how to worship the god of that land.' So, the king of Assyria issued this order: 'Take one of the priests whom you deported from there. Let him go there and teach them the proper rituals of the god of that land.' So, one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria went and lived in Bethel. He taught them how to fear the LORD. Even so, every nation continued to make gods of its own and put them in the temples on the high places that the people of Samaria had made. Every nation did this in their own cities where they lived."

- 2 Kings 17:22

-29 (ISV)

Sacred Secret

-Definition: The term "Sacred Secret" refers to a hidden or mystery (revelation) that has been divinely disclosed to individuals through God's spirit. It encompasses truths, plans, or purposes that were previously unknown but have now been made known to believers.

-Mentions:Colossians 1:26


- "The mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the Lord's people. To them God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory."

Sacred Service

-Definition: The act of worship and devotion to God, often including various religious rituals and offerings.

-Mentions:Leviticus 23:7


- "On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. For seven days present a food offering to the Lord. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.”


-Definition: Sacrifice refers to an act of offering something valuable or significant to God as an expression of devotion, worship, or atonement for sin. In the Bible, sacrifice involves the shedding of blood, symbolizing the giving up of something precious and the need for cleansing or reconciliation with God.

-Mentions:1. Leviticus 1:2 (NASB): "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When any man of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock."This verse highlights the concept of sacrifice, explaining the procedure for bringing offerings to the Lord, often involving animals as sacrificial offerings.2. Hebrews 9:22 (NASB): "And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness."The verse emphasizes the necessity of sacrifice in obtaining forgiveness, stating that bloodshed is required for cleansing and atonement according to the Law.


-Definition: A member of a Jewish religious sect during the time of Jesus, known for their strict adherence to the written Law of Moses and their denial of the resurrection of the dead.

-Mentions:Matthew 16:1

-12 (Verse 6

- Then Jesus said to them, "Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.")


-Definition: A saint is a person who has lived a life of holiness and has been recognized by the church as being in heaven. Saints are considered to be powerful intercessors and inspiration for faithful believers.

-Mentions:1. Matthew 27:52 (NIV): "and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life."2. Hebrews 12:1 (NIV): "Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us."


-Definition: In Christian theology, saints are individuals who have been recognized for their exceptional holiness and faithfulness in their relationship with God. They are revered as role models for other believers and are often invoked as intercessors in prayers.


- "Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes, to the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints together with all those who in every place call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours." (1 Corinthians 1:1

-2, ESV)

- "But sexual immorality and all impurity or covetousness must not even be named among you, as is proper among saints." (Ephesians 5:3, ESV)


-Definition: Salvation refers to the act, experience, or process of being saved or delivered from sin and the consequences of sin, ultimately leading to eternal life with God. It involves redemption and forgiveness of sins through faith in Jesus Christ, who is recognized as the Savior in Christianity.


- "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16, NIV)

- "For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God—not by works, so that no one can boast." (Ephesians 2:8

-9, NIV)


-Definition: Samaria refers to the capital city of the ancient northern kingdom of Israel, as well as the region surrounding it. It was initially established as the capital by King Omri around 880 BC, and remained so until the destruction of the kingdom in 721 BC. The name Samaria is derived from the Hebrew word "Shomron," and it is located in the mountainous region of central Israel.


- Hosea 7:1

- "Whenever I would heal Israel, the sins of Ephraim are exposed and the crimes of Samaria are revealed. They practice deceit, thieves break into houses, bandits rob in the streets."


-Definition: The term "Samaritan" refers to a member of the Samaritan community, a group of people who inhabited the region of Samaria during biblical times.

-Mentions:In the parable of the Good Samaritan, Jesus uses the example of a compassionate Samaritan to teach about the importance of loving others unconditionally. (Luke 10:30



-Definition: Sanctification refers to the process by which a person is made holy and set apart for God's purposes. It involves being transformed and conformed to the image of Christ, through the work of the Holy Spirit, and involves both an initial act of consecration and a progressive growth towards holiness.


- 1 Thessalonians 4:3

- "For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality."

- 1 Peter 1:15


- "But as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, since it is written, 'You shall be holy, for I am holy.'"


-Definition: A sacred space or a holy place set apart for worship or as a place of refuge or protection.


- Exodus 25:8

- "And let them make me a sanctuary, that I may dwell in their midst."Note: The Bible verse used above is from the English Standard Version (ESV) translation.


-Definition: The Sanhedrin refers to the highest Jewish council and court in ancient Israel. It consisted of seventy

-one members, including the high priest, elders, and scribes, who were responsible for making legal and religious decisions. The Sanhedrin played a significant role in matters of Jewish law and governance during the time of Jesus.

-Mentions:Acts 5:27


- "And when they had brought them, they set them before the council. And the high priest questioned them, saying, 'We strictly charged you not to teach in this name, yet here you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching, and you intend to bring this man's blood upon us.'"


-Definition: Sata refers to a unit of measurement used in ancient times. It was equivalent to approximately six liters or one and a half gallons. This measurement was commonly used for dry goods such as grain, flour, or oil.


- "And she said, Drink, my lord. And she hasted, and let down her pitcher upon her hand, and gave him drink. And when she had done giving him drink, she said, I will draw water for thy camels also, until they have done drinking. And she hasted, and emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran again unto the well to draw water, and drew for all his camels. And the man wondering at her held his peace, to wit whether the Lord had made his journey prosperous or not. And it came to pass, as the camels had done drinking, that the man took a golden earring of half a sata weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold."

- Genesis 24:18

-22 (KJV)Note: In this verse, Abraham's servant gave Rebekah a golden earring of half a sata weight as a gift, emphasizing the value and importance of the measurement.


-Definition: Satan, also known as the Devil, is an evil supernatural being who opposes God and tempts humans to sin.

-Mentions:In the book of Job, Satan appears before God and challenges Job's faith, causing God to allow Satan to test Job's loyalty. (Job 1:6



-Definition: A governor or administrative leader in the Persian Empire.

-Mentions:"And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel and the rest of his colleagues wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the text of the letter was written in Aramaic and translated from Aramaic. Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to King Artaxerxes, as follows

- Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their colleagues, the judges, the lesser governors, the officials, the secretaries, the men of Erech, the Babylonians, the men of Susa, that is, the Elamites, and the rest of the peoples whom the great and honorable Osnappar deported and settled in the city of Samaria, and in the rest of the region beyond the River. Now this is the copy of the letter which they sent to him: 'To King Artaxerxes: Your servants, the men in the region beyond the River, and now—' " (Ezra 4:7

-11, NASB)


-Definition: A ceremonial staff or rod carried by a ruler as a symbol of authority and power.


- "The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes; and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples." (Genesis 49:10)

- "The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your enemies!" (Psalm 110:2)

- "You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions." (Psalm 45:7)

- "The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, 'You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.'" (Psalm 110:4)

- "For you will break the yoke of their burden, and the staff on their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian." (Isaiah 9:4)


-Definition: a means of punishment or suffering inflicted upon someone as a form of discipline or correction.


- Proverbs 19:29 (NIV)

- "Penalties are prepared for mockers, and beatings for the backs of fools."

- Exodus 5:14 (NIV)

- "Pharaoh’s slave drivers beat the Israelite overseers they had appointed, demanding, 'Why haven’t you met your quota of bricks yesterday or today, as before?'"


-Definition: written

-Mentions: "And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, asked him, 'Which commandment is the most important of all?'" (Mark 12:28, ESV)


-Definition: Written records containing sacred and religious texts; the authoritative and inspired Word of God.


- "All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness."

- 2 Timothy 3:16 (ESV)

- "For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope."

- Romans 15:4 (ESV)


-Definition: A long roll of parchment, leather, or papyrus, used for writing or reading.

-Mentions:"Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals." (Revelation 5:1, ESV)


-Definition: A unit of measurement used for dry goods, typically equivalent to about one

-third of an ephah or seven quarts.

-Mentions:"He said to me, 'To the land of Shinar, to build a city and a tower, which he called Babel, till the seah is complete.'"

- Genesis 11:2 (ESV)


-Definition: A mark or symbol used to authenticate, confirm, or secure something, often indicating ownership or authority.

-Mentions:1. "And I saw another angel ascending from the rising of the sun, having the seal of the living God; and he cried out with a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was granted to harm the earth and the sea..." (Revelation 7:2, ESV).2. "Then I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God. And he called with a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm earth and sea..." (Revelation 9:4, ESV).

Seal Ring

-Definition: A seal ring, also known as a signet ring, is a piece of jewelry worn on the finger, typically made of metal and adorned with an engraved design or symbol. It is used as a personal signature or official stamp to authenticate documents or secure containers.


- Genesis 41:42 (NIV)

- "Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph’s finger. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck."

- Esther 3:10 (NIV)

- "So the king took his signet ring from his finger and gave it to Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews."

Second Coming

-Definition: The Second Coming refers to the future event when Jesus Christ will return to the earth in glory and power to judge the living and the dead, establish His eternal kingdom, and fulfill God's plan of redemption.

-Mentions:"For as the lightning comes from the east and shines as far as the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man."

- Matthew 24:27 (ESV)


-Definition: A distinct religious group or denomination that has varying beliefs or practices from other religious groups.


- "For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. And as for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was said to you by God: 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? He is not God of the dead, but of the living." And when the crowd heard it, they were astonished at his teaching. But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together. And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him."

- Matthew 22:30

-35 (ESV)Note: The word "Sect" is not directly mentioned in the Bible, but this verse highlights the existence of different religious groups such as the Pharisees and Sadducees who can be considered as sects.


-Definition: Referring to attitudes, activities, or things that are not related to religious or spiritual matters. It is commonly used to describe anything that is worldly or non


-Mentions:"Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind." (Romans 12:2, NIV)


-Definition: A person gifted with prophetic insight and the ability to see or perceive things beyond the natural realm.

-Mentions:1 Samuel 9:9

- "Formerly in Israel, if someone went to inquire of God, they would say, 'Come, let us go to the seer,' because the prophet of today used to be called a seer."2 Chronicles 16:7

- "At that time Hanani the seer came to King Asa of Judah and said to him, 'Because you relied on the king of Aram and did not rely on the Lord your God, the army of the king of Aram has escaped from your hand.'"


-Definition: Selah is a term found in the Hebrew Bible, specifically in the book of Psalms. Its exact meaning remains uncertain, but it is often interpreted as a musical or liturgical notation indicating a moment of pause, reflection, or emphasis in the text.

-Mentions: Psalm 24:10 "Who is he, this King of glory? The Lord Almighty— he is the King of glory." (Selah)


-Definition: Relating to or denoting a group of languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, that are spoken in the Middle East and other parts of the world.

-Mentions: Genesis 10:21, "And unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born."


-Definition: The Septuagint is the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Old Testament. It was created by Jewish scholars and was widely used in Hellenistic Judaism.


- Genesis 4:8 (NIV): "Now Cain said to his brother Abel, 'Let’s go out to the field.' While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him."


-Definition: Seraphs are angelic beings mentioned in the Bible. They are depicted as having six wings and are described as having a burning, radiant appearance. In Hebrew, the word "seraph" means "burning one."


- "In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. Above him were seraphs, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying." (Isaiah 6:1

-2, NIV)


-Definition: A religious discourse delivered by a preacher to a congregation, often providing moral or spiritual guidance.


- "So he began saying to the crowds who were going out to be baptized by him, 'You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?'" (Luke 3:7, ESV)

- "Now when Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him, and he began to teach them." (Matthew 5:1

-2, NIV)


-Definition: Shebat is the fifth month of the Jewish lunar calendar, corresponding to the months of January and February in the Gregorian calendar. It is the month in which the Jewish festival of Purim is celebrated.

-Mentions:"In the twelfth year of our exile, in the tenth month, on the fifth day of the month, a fugitive from Jerusalem came to me and said, 'The city has been struck down.'"

- Ezekiel 33:21 (ESV)


-Definition: A unit of weight and currency used in the ancient Near East, representing a standard measure of value for goods and services.

-Mentions:Exodus 30:13


- "Each one who is numbered in the census must give half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel is twenty gerahs), half a shekel as an offering to the LORD."


-Definition: Sheminith refers to a term that signifies the eighth in a series or the eighth string of an instrument. It is derived from the Hebrew word "shĕmîynı̂yth."


- "For the choir director: A psalm of David, to be accompanied by a stringed instrument. (Sheminith) O LORD, do not rebuke me in your anger or discipline me in your rage." (Psalm 6:1, NLT)


-Definition: Sheol refers to the place of the dead or the underworld in Hebrew lore and literature, often described as a shadowy realm where the spirits of the deceased reside. In ancient Israelite belief, it was considered the final destination for all individuals, regardless of their moral standing or relationship with God.


- Job 14:13 (NIV)

- "If only you would hide me in the grave [Sheol] and conceal me till your anger has passed! If only you would set me a time and then remember me!"

- Psalm 139:8 (NIV)

- "If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths [Sheol], you are there."


-Definition: Shibah is a Hebrew word that means "oath" or "seven." It refers to a solemn promise or an agreement sealed with an oath, often involving the number seven, symbolizing completeness or perfection.


- "So the place was called Beersheba because the two men swore an oath (Shibah) there."

- Genesis 21:31 (NIV)

- "Jeroboam thought to himself, 'The kingdom will now likely revert to the house of David. If these people go up to offer sacrifices at the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem, they will again give their allegiance to their lord, Rehoboam, king of Judah. They will kill me and return to King Rehoboam.' After seeking advice, the king made two golden calves. He said to the people, 'It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt.' One he set up in Bethel, and the other in Dan. And this thing became a sin; the people came to worship the one at Bethel and went as far as Dan to worship the other. Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites. He instituted a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like the festival held in Judah, and offered sacrifices on the altar. This he did in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves he had made. And at Bethel he also installed priests at the high places he had made. On the fifteenth day of the eighth month, a month of his own choosing, he offered sacrifices on the altar he had built at Bethel. So he instituted the festival for the Israelites and went up to the altar to make offerings."

- 1 Kings 12:26

-33 (NIV)


-Definition: A term found in the title of Habakkuk 3:1, implying a highly emotional form of poetry or music, possibly indicating a passionate, wild, or wandering melody.

-Mentions:"A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet, set to wild and passionate music." (Habakkuk 3:1, NLT)


-Definition: Showbread, also known as "bread of the presence," refers to the 12 loaves of bread that were regularly placed on a table in the Holy Place of the tabernacle and later in the temple. They symbolized the continual and abundant sustenance provided by God for His people.

-Mentions:Leviticus 24:5

-9 "And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve loaves from it; two tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf. And you shall set them in two piles, six in a pile, on the table of pure gold before the Lord. And you shall put pure frankincense on each pile, that it may go with the bread as a memorial portion as a food offering to the Lord. Every Sabbath day Aaron shall arrange it before the Lord regularly; it is from the people of Israel as a covenant forever. And it shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place, since it is for him a most holy portion out of the Lord's food offerings, a perpetual due."


-Definition: Sin refers to the act of disobeying God's commands or going against His will. It represents rebellion and a separation from God's perfect and holy nature, causing a broken relationship with Him and creating spiritual and moral corruption within individuals and the world.

-Mentions:"For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God."

- Romans 3:23

Sin Offering

-Definition: A sacrificial offering made in the Old Testament to atone for sin and seek forgiveness from God.


- Leviticus 4:32

-35: "But if he brings a lamb as his offering for a sin offering, he shall bring a female without blemish and lay his hand on the head of the sin offering and kill it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering."

- Hebrews 10:6: "In burnt offerings and sin offerings you have taken no pleasure."


-Definition: The ninth month of the Jewish calendar, corresponding to part of May and part of June.

-Mentions: "In the second year of his reign, Darius spoke to the Chaldean soothsayers and astrologers: “In the twelfth month, which is Adar, what is the interpretation of the king’s dream?”...Then Daniel went to his house and informed his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, so that they might seek mercy from the God of heaven about this mystery, in order that Daniel and his friends would not be destroyed with the rest of the wise men of Babylon. The mystery was then revealed to Daniel in a vision at night; then Daniel blessed the God of heaven...Then Daniel, who is also called Belteshazzar, was greatly alarmed for a while and his thoughts terrified him. The king said, 'Belteshazzar, let the dream or the interpretation trouble you.' Belteshazzar responded, 'My lord, may the dream be for those who hate you, and its interpretation for your enemies! The tree that you saw, which grew and became strong, with its top touching the sky, visible to the whole earth, whose foliage was beautiful and its fruit abundant, and on which there was provision for all, beneath which animals of the field lived, and in whose branches the birds of the sky nested— 'Now you, king, will become secure in your sovereignty, and with authority sit on a great throne for years to come.' But after a while, O king, that hope disappeared. You were brought down to your knees before people and given instruction to worship an image of gold. You were sentenced to eat pasture grass like cattle, and your body was immersed in dew from heaven, until you acknowledge that the Most High is ruler over human kingdoms and gives them to anyone he wants.'...'All of this came on King Nebuchadnezzar...When the time was completed, I, Nebuchadnezzar, looked up to heaven, and my sanity returned to me. I praised the Most High, and I honored and glorified the one who lives forever..."(Daniel 2:1, 4:16

-18, 24

-25, 26, 32

-34, 36)


-Definition: A simple weapon used for throwing projectiles, typically consisting of a strap or rope with a pouch in the middle to hold the projectile. Slinging was a common method of warfare in biblical times.

-Mentions: 1. "Then David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone; and he slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank into his forehead and he fell on his face to the earth." (1 Samuel 17:49, NKJV)


-Definition: Snuffers were a tool used for trimming or extinguishing the wicks on an oil lamp. They were usually made of metal and had a spring

-loaded mechanism to cut the burnt portion of the wick, ensuring efficient and clean burning of the lamp.


- Exodus 25:38 (NIV): "Its wick trimmers and trays are to be of pure gold."

- Numbers 4:9 (NIV): "They are to take a blue cloth and cover the lampstand that is for light, together with its lamps, its wick trimmers and trays, and all its jars for the olive oil used to supply it."

Son of David

-Definition: A title used to refer to Jesus Christ, emphasizing His lineage and rightful claim to the throne of David. It signifies that Jesus is the promised Messiah, fulfilling the prophecies of the Old Testament.


- "The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham" (Matthew 1:1, New American Standard Bible).

- "But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were shouting in the temple, 'Hosanna to the Son of David,' they became indignant" (Matthew 21:15, New American Standard Bible).

Son of God

-Definition: The title given to Jesus Christ, indicating his divine nature and his unique relationship with God the Father. It affirms Jesus as the second person of the Holy Trinity.

-Mentions: "And the angel answered her, 'The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God.'" (Luke 1:35, ESV)

Son of Man

-Definition: In the Bible, "Son of Man" refers to a Messianic title used by Jesus to describe Himself. It emphasizes both His humanity and divinity, signifying His role as the Anointed One who came to redeem mankind.

-Mentions: 1. Matthew 8:20

- "Jesus replied, 'Foxes have dens and birds have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.'"2. Mark 10:45

- "For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Sons of Aaron

-Definition: The term "Sons of Aaron" refers to the male descendants of Aaron, the brother of Moses and the first high priest of Israel. They were the priests of the Israelite community and played an essential role in conducting religious ceremonies and maintaining the tabernacle or temple.

-Mentions: Exodus 28:1

- "Then bring near to you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the people of Israel, to serve me as priests—Aaron and Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar."


-Definition: Sovereignty refers to the supreme authority and power of God over all creation. It signifies God's absolute control and rule over the universe and all that is in it.


- "Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty, for all that is in the heavens and in the earth is yours. Yours is the kingdom, O LORD, and you are exalted as head above all." (1 Chronicles 29:11, ESV)

- "Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God." (Romans 13:1, ESV)


-Definition: A unit of measurement commonly used in biblical times, equivalent to the width of a person's hand from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger, approximately 9 inches or 22 centimeters.

-Mentions: 1. "Who of you by worrying can add a single span to your life?" (Luke 12:25, NIV)2. "Indeed, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Don’t be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows." (Luke 12:7, NIV)


-Definition: Spelt is a type of wheat grain that was commonly used in biblical times. It is a hardy and nutritious grain with a nutty flavor, and was often ground into flour for making bread.

-Mentions: Ezekiel 4:9

- "Take wheat and barley, beans and lentils, millet and spelt; put them in a storage jar and use them to make bread for yourself."


-Definition: In the Bible, the term "Spirit" refers to the divine essence or presence of God. It signifies the immaterial and eternal nature of God, often associated with His power, guidance, and influence in the world.


- "And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters." (Genesis 1:2, ESV)

- "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness," (Galatians 5:22, ESV)


-Definition: The belief or practice of communication with the spirits of the dead, often through mediums or séances, in attempts to gain information or guidance from the spiritual realm.

-Mentions: "Let no one be found among you who sacrifices their son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead."

- Deuteronomy 18:10

-11 (NIV)

Spiritual Gifts

-Definition: Spiritual gifts are abilities or talents given by the Holy Spirit to believers in order to serve and build up the body of Christ. These gifts are bestowed for the purpose of spreading the gospel, glorifying God, and edifying fellow believers.


- 1 Corinthians 12:4


- "Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills."


-Definition: Refers to goods or valuable possessions that are taken or captured as a result of victory or conquest in battle.

-Mentions: "Do not take any of the spoil and keep it for yourself. Destroy it all so that you will not be tempted by it and bring trouble upon the camp of the Lord."

- Joshua 6:18 (NLT)


-Definition: Stadia refers to a unit of measurement used in ancient times to denote a distance, approximately equivalent to 607 feet or 185 meters.


- "When he had gone about three miles, he saw some of his fellow Jews who had been forced into animal slavery, but he was moved by compassion for them and jumped off his horse to help them."

- Luke 10:33 (NIV)

- "Then I looked up and saw a man with a measuring line in his hand. I asked, 'Where are you going?' He replied, 'I am going to measure Jerusalem, to find out its width and length.'"

- Zechariah 2:1

-2 (NIV)


-Definition: A strong wooden or metal post, driven into the ground to secure something, typically used to refer to a pole or cross used for execution or punishment.


- "And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. And sitting down they watched him there; and set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS." (Matthew 27:35

-37, KJV)


-Definition: A stater was a silver coin used in ancient times as a unit of currency. It was common in the Mediterranean region and was equivalent to four drachmas or two shekels.

-Mentions: Matthew 17:27

- "However, not to give offense to them, go to the sea and cast a hook and take the first fish that comes up, and when you open its mouth you will find a shekel; take that and give it to them for me and for yourself."


-Definition: Stewardship refers to the responsible management and care of resources entrusted to someone's care. It involves the understanding that everything belongs to God and that individuals are called to take care of these resources to fulfill God's purposes.


- 1 Peter 4:10 (NIV)

- "Each of you should use whatever gift you have received to serve others, as faithful stewards of God's grace in its various forms."

- Luke 16:10 (NIV)

- "Whoever can be trusted with very little can also be trusted with much, and whoever is dishonest with very little will also be dishonest with much."


-Definition: Stocks refers to a form of punishment in biblical times where a person's feet and sometimes hands were secured in a wooden device with holes, leaving the individual confined in an uncomfortable and humiliating position. The stocks were commonly used to publicly shame wrongdoers and were a symbol of punishment and humiliation.


- Acts 16:24 (NIV)

- "When he received these orders, he put them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks."


-Definition: written with italic


- "In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, when wine was brought for him, I took the wine and gave it to the king. I had not been sad in his presence before, so the king asked me, 'Why does your face look so sad when you are not ill? This can be nothing but sadness of heart.' I was very much afraid, but I said to the king, 'May the king live forever! Why should my face not look sad when the city where my ancestors are buried lies in ruins, and its gates have been destroyed by fire?'"


-Definition: A place of worship for Jews where they gather for prayer, study of the Torah, and other religious activities. Synagogues serve as community centers and are led by a rabbi.


- "Then Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people." (Matthew 9:35, NKJV)

- "And He was preaching in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and casting out demons." (Mark 1:39, NKJV)


-Definition: A historical region located in the Middle East, bordered by Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, and Jordan to the south. It includes modern

-day Syria, as well as parts of Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel.

-Mentions: "When he (Naaman) came to the hill, he took them from their hand and stored them in the house, and he sent the men away, and they departed. Then he and his servants went in and washed, and he came out with his skin restored like the flesh of a little child, and he was clean. Then he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and he came and stood before him. And he said, 'Behold, I know that there is no God in all the earth but in Israel; so accept now a present from your servant.' But he said, 'As the LORD lives, before whom I stand, I will receive none.' And he urged him to take it, but he refused. Then Naaman said, 'If not, please let there be given to your servant two mule loads of earth, for from now on your servant will not offer burnt offering or sacrifice to any god but the LORD. In this matter may the LORD pardon your servant: when my master goes into the house of Rimmon to worship there, leaning on my arm, and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon, when I bow myself in the house of Rimmon, the LORD pardon your servant in this matter.' He said to him, 'Go in peace.'" (2 Kings 5:24

-19, ESV)


-Definition: The Syrians were a Semitic

-speaking people who inhabited the land of Aram, which corresponds to present

-day Syria and part of modern

-day Lebanon. They were known for their influence in the ancient Near East, particularly during the time of the Old Testament.

-Mentions: Judges 10:6

- "Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord. They served the Baals and the Ashtoreths, and the gods of Aram, the gods of Sidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the Ammonites, and the gods of the Philistines."



-Definition: The tabernacle was the portable sanctuary that served as a place of worship for the Israelites during their journey in the wilderness. It was a holy tent where sacrifices were offered and God's presence dwelled among His people.

-Mentions: "Then have them make a sanctuary for me, and I will dwell among them."

- Exodus 25:8 (NIV)

Tacitus, Publius Cornelius

-Definition: A Roman historian and senator who lived during the first century AD. He is known for his writings on Roman history, particularly the Annals and the Histories.

-Mentions: Tacitus is not directly mentioned in the Bible.


-Definition: A unit of weight or a sum of money mentioned in the Bible. In ancient times, a talent was approximately 75 pounds (34 kilograms) when used as a weight or a large amount of silver or gold when used as currency.


- Exodus 38:25

-26 (NIV): "The silver obtained from those of the community who were counted in the census was 100 talents and 1,775 shekels, according to the sanctuary shekel

- one beka per person, that is, half a shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, from everyone who had crossed over to those counted, twenty years old or more, a total of 603,550 men."

- Matthew 18:24 (NIV): "As he began the settlement, a man who owed him ten thousand bags of gold was brought to him."


-Definition: The Talmud refers to a central text of Rabbinic Judaism, consisting of two separate works

- the Mishnah and the Gemara. It is a compilation of Jewish law and teachings, interpretations, debates, stories, and discussions on a wide range of religious and legal topics.


- Isaiah 29:13

- "And the Lord said: 'Because this people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me, and their fear of me is a commandment taught by men'." (This verse addresses the concept of man

-made laws mentioned in the Talmud.)


-Definition: Tammuz is a Mesopotamian deity associated with vegetation, fertility, and renewal, often depicted as a handsome young shepherd. In biblical times, some Israelites adopted the worship of Tammuz, which was condemned as idolatrous by the prophets.


- Ezekiel 8:14 (NIV)

- "Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD, and I saw women sitting there, mourning the god Tammuz."

Tarshish, Ships Of

-Definition: Refers to the ships of Tarshish, which were large merchant vessels used for long

-distance trading in ancient times.


- "The ships of Tarshish carried your merchandise. So you were filled and heavily laden in the heart of the seas." (Ezekiel 27:25, ESV)

- "For the king had a fleet of ships of Tarshish at sea with the fleet of Hiram. Once every three years the fleet of ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks." (1 Kings 10:22, ESV)


-Definition: In Greek mythology, Tartarus referred to the deep abyss or dungeon where the wicked souls were confined as a place of punishment.

-Mentions:2 Peter 2:4 (NIV)

- "For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them in chains of darkness to be held for judgment;"


-Definition: The tenth month of the Hebrew calendar, corresponding to mid

-December to mid


-Mentions: "Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 'Son of man, write down the name of this day, this very day. The king of Babylon has laid siege to Jerusalem this very day'" (Ezekiel 24:1

-2, Tebeth is the month mentioned).


-Definition: A sacred place dedicated to worship or the presence of a deity, often used to refer to the Jewish temple in Jerusalem.

-Mentions: "For the Lord has chosen Zion; He has desired it for His dwelling place: 'This is My resting place forever; Here I will dwell, for I have desired it. I will abundantly bless her provision; I will satisfy her poor with bread. I will also clothe her priests with salvation, and her saints shall shout aloud for joy. There I will make the horn of David grow; I will prepare a lamp for My anointed. His enemies I will clothe with shame, but upon Himself His crown shall flourish.'" (Psalm 132:13



-Definition: The act of enticing or alluring someone to sin or to go against their beliefs or principles.

-Mentions: "No temptation has overtaken you except what is common to mankind. And God is faithful; he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you can endure it." (1 Corinthians 10:13, NIV)

Ten Commandments

-Definition: These are a set of moral and religious laws given by God to the Israelites through Moses on Mount Sinai. They form the foundation of ethical and divine principles in the Bible.


- "And God spoke all these words, saying, 'I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me.'" (Exodus 20:1

-3, ESV)

- "You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor." (Exodus 20:13

-17, ESV)

Tent Of Meeting

-Definition: The Tent of Meeting refers to a portable structure that served as a place of worship and communication between God and His people, the Israelites, during their journey in the wilderness. It was where Moses met with God, received instructions, and sought His guidance.


- Exodus 33:7: "Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away, calling it the 'Tent of Meeting.' Anyone inquiring of the Lord would go to the Tent of Meeting outside the camp."

Tenth (Tithe)

-Definition: The act of giving or contributing a portion, typically one

-tenth, of one's income or produce to God or the church as an offering.

-Mentions: Leviticus 27:30

- "A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy to the Lord."


-Definition: In biblical times, teraphim were small household idols or figurines that were used for divination or as objects of worship. They were often associated with pagan practices and were believed to possess oracles or provide guidance.

-Mentions: "Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole her father’s household gods [teraphim]." (Genesis 31:19, NIV)


-Definition: A covenant or agreement between God and His people, containing promises, conditions, and provisions for their relationship.

-Mentions: "For this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins." (Matthew 26:28, New International Version)


-Definition: Testimony refers to a spoken or written statement that attests or verifies the truth of something. In the context of the Bible, it often refers to personal accounts or declarations that bear witness to the experiences or revelations of individuals in relation to God's work or truth.


- "And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death." (Revelation 12:11, ESV)

- "He has testified somewhere, 'What is man, that you are mindful of him, or the son of man, that you care for him?'" (Hebrews 2:6, ESV)


-Definition: The Tetragrammaton refers to the four Hebrew letters (Yod, He, Vav, He) that form the personal name of God in the Hebrew Bible. Commonly represented as YHWH or Yahweh, this sacred name is considered to be ineffable and is often translated as "the LORD" in English versions of the Bible.

-Mentions: Exodus 3:14

- "God said to Moses, 'I am who I am.' And he said, 'Say this to the people of Israel: 'I am has sent me to you.'"Note: The Tetragrammaton is used extensively throughout the Old Testament, particularly in passages where God directly addresses individuals or reveals Himself to His people.


-Definition: A title used in the ancient Roman Empire to refer to a ruler who governed one

-quarter of a region or province.

-Mentions: 1. "Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene" (Luke 3:1, NKJV).Note: The Bible verse mentioned above depicts the political structure at the time of John the Baptist's ministry.

Thanksgiving Offering

-Definition: A type of sacrifice or offering given to express gratitude or thankfulness to God for His blessings and provision.


- Leviticus 7:12

- "If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the thanksgiving sacrifice unleavened loaves mixed with oil, unleavened wafers smeared with oil, and loaves of fine flour well mixed with oil."

- Leviticus 22:29

- "And when you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that you may be accepted."


-Definition: Theodicy refers to the theological attempt to explain the coexistence of an all

-loving, all

-powerful God in a world that contains evil and suffering.

-Mentions: "Shall a faultfinder contend with the Almighty? He who argues with God, let him answer it."

- Job 40:2


-Definition: The study of the nature of God, religious beliefs, and religious experience.


- 2 Timothy 3:16


- "All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work."

- 1 Peter 3:15

- "But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have."


-Definition: A theophany refers to an appearance or manifestation of God to humans, often in a visible or audible form.


- Exodus 3:2


- "There the angel of the LORD appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. So Moses thought, 'I will go over and see this strange sight—why the bush does not burn up.'"

- Matthew 17:5

- "While he was still speaking, a bright cloud covered them, and a voice from the cloud said, 'This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased. Listen to him!'"


-Definition: Thessalonica was an important city in ancient Macedonia, located on the Aegean Sea. It served as the capital of the province and was a major commercial and cultural center.

-Mentions: 1. Acts 17:1

"When Paul and his companions had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a Jewish synagogue."2. 1 Thessalonians 1:1

- "Paul, Silas, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace and peace to you."


-Definition: Tishri is the first month of the civil year and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year in the Hebrew calendar. It falls during September

-October in the Gregorian calendar. Tishri is considered a crucial month as it includes important biblical festivals such as Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement).

-Mentions: "Then Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, Joshua son of Jozadak, began to rebuild the house of God in Jerusalem. And the prophets of God were with them, supporting them. At that time Tattenai, the governor of the province Beyond the River, and Shethar

-bozenai and their associates came to them and spoke to them thus: 'Who gave you a decree to build this house and to finish this structure?' They also asked them this: 'What are the names of the men who are building this building?' But the eye of their God was on the elders of the Jews, and they did not stop them until the report should reach Darius and then an answer be returned by letter concerning it."

- Ezra 5:2

-5 (ESV)


-Definition: A tithe refers to one

-tenth (10%) of a person's income or produce that is given as an offering to God. It is a form of giving back to God a portion of what He has blessed us with.


- Leviticus 27:30

- "A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the LORD; it is holy to the LORD."

- Malachi 3:10

- "Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house. Test me in this,” says the LORD Almighty, “and see if I will not throw open the floodgates of heaven and pour out so much blessing that there will not be room enough to store it."


-Definition: The Torah refers to the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, traditionally believed to be written by Moses, and is considered the most sacred text in Judaism. It includes Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

-Mentions: "Do not let this Book of the Law depart from your mouth; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful." (Joshua 1:8, NIV)

Torture Stake

-Definition: A torture stake, often referred to as a "cross," was a method of execution in the Roman Empire, where a person would be nailed or tied to a wooden stake or pole, typically in a crucifixion position. It was used as a form of punishment and humiliation.

-Mentions: "And he bearing his torture stake went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha" (John 19:17, KJV).


-Definition: Traditions refer to customs, practices, or beliefs that have been handed down and maintained within a community or cultural group. These can include rituals, teachings, or ways of life that are preserved over generations.


- Mark 7:8 (NIV)

- "You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to human traditions."

- Colossians 2:8 (NIV)

- "See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the elemental spiritual forces of this world rather than on Christ."


-Definition: The transfiguration refers to the supernatural event in which Jesus Christ's appearance was momentarily changed while talking to Moses and Elijah. This divine transformation revealed His glorious nature to His disciples.


- "After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves. There he was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light." (Matthew 17:1

-2, NIV)

Transgress; Transgression

-Definition: The act of violating a command or law, especially those given by God, resulting in sin or rebellion against Him.


- "The LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And the LORD regretted that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart." (Genesis 6:5

-6, ESV)

- "Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD! O Lord, hear my voice! Let your ears be attentive to the voice of my pleas for mercy! If you, O LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand? But with you there is forgiveness, that you may be feared." (Psalm 130:1

-4, ESV)


-Definition: Written with italic.


- Exodus 12:36

- "The Lord had caused the Egyptians to look favorably on the Israelites, and they gave the Israelites whatever they asked for. So they stripped the Egyptians of their wealth!"Note: The word "caused" in this verse can be understood as "transliterated" in some translations, where it means to influence or move someone or something in a particular way.

Tree Of Life

-Definition: The Tree of Life, mentioned in the Bible, symbolizes eternal life, immortality, and a close relationship with God. It represents the ultimate reward for the righteous and is often associated with the Garden of Eden or the restored paradise in the book of Revelation.


- "Once again, I remind you to rejoice! Let everyone see that you are considerate in all you do. Remember, the Lord is coming soon. Don’t worry about anything; instead, pray about everything. Tell God what you need, and thank him for all he has done. Then you will experience God’s peace, which exceeds anything we can understand. His peace will guard your hearts and minds as you live in Christ Jesus."

- Philippians 4:4

-7 (NLT)

- "Blessed are those who wash their robes. They will be permitted to enter through the gates of the city and eat the fruit from the Tree of Life."

- Revelation 22:14 (NLT)

Tree Of The Knowledge Of Good And Bad

-Definition: This refers to the tree in the Garden of Eden from which Adam and Eve were prohibited to eat, symbolizing their choice between obedience to God's commandments or rebellion against Him.

-Mentions: Genesis 2:17

- "but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die."


-Definition: A form of payment or contribution made by individuals or communities as a sign of allegiance, loyalty, or respect to a ruling authority, usually in the form of goods, money, or services.


- "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's" (Matthew 22:21, ESV).

- "They forced a man coming in from the country, who was passing by, to carry Jesus’s cross. He was Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus" (Mark 15:21, CSB).


-Definition: The doctrine that God exists as three distinct but inseparable persons: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit.

-Mentions: "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." (Matthew 28:19, ESV)

True God, The

-Definition: The True God refers to the one and only deity, who is the ultimate reality and creator of all things. It denotes the absolute and eternal nature of God, highlighting His distinctiveness from all false gods or idols.

-Mentions: "For the LORD your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, mighty, and awe

-inspiring God, showing no partiality and taking no bribe." (Deuteronomy 10:17, Holman Christian Standard Bible)


-Definition: A brass instrument with a flared bell, typically played by blowing air into it through a set of vibrating lips, used for signaling or making music.


- Exodus 19:16: "On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled."

- Joshua 6:4: "And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets."


-Definition: The quality or state of being in accordance with fact or reality; the ultimate reality or reliability of something.


- "Jesus answered, 'I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.'" (John 14:6, NIV)

- "Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free." (John 8:32, NIV)


-Definition: A headdress worn by priests and other religious leaders in ancient times, consisting of a long cloth wound around the head.


- Exodus 39:28 (NIV)

- "They also made the turban, the sacred emblem, out of pure gold, and attached to it the plate inscribed as holy to the Lord."

Tyndale, William

-Definition: William Tyndale was an English scholar and theologian who translated the Bible into English. He is best known for his work in translating the New Testament directly from Greek into English, which became the basis for many subsequent English translations of the Bible.


- John 1:1


- "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God... In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it." (This translation reflects Tyndale's influence in bringing the Bible to the English

-speaking world.)


-Definition: An unbeliever refers to a person who does not have faith or trust in God or the teachings of the Bible.


- 2 Corinthians 4:4 (NIV)

- "The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God."

- John 3:18 (NIV)

- "Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God's one and only Son."


-Definition: written with italic

-Mentions: Acts 27:12

- "Since the harbor was unsuitable to winter in, the majority decided to set sail from there, if by any means they could reach Phoenix, a harbor of Crete, opening toward the southwest and northwest, and winter there in uncia+"


-Definition: Impure, defiled, or contaminated. In the context of the Bible, it refers to anything that is spiritually impure or forbidden by God's law.

-Mentions: Leviticus 11:24


- "Of all the animals that walk on all fours, those that have paws are unclean for you; whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening. Anyone who picks up their carcasses must wash their clothes, and they will be unclean till evening."

Undeserved Kindness

-Definition: Also known as "grace" or "unmerited favor," it refers to acts of kindness, mercy, or forgiveness offered freely and without deserving or earning them.


- Ephesians 2:8


- "For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast."

- Romans 3:24

- "and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus."


-Definition: Unleavened refers to bread or food that does not contain any leavening agents (such as yeast) and is therefore not allowed to rise during the baking process. It is often associated with the Jewish festival of Passover, during which leavened bread is forbidden, and unleavened bread (Matzah) is traditionally eaten as a symbol of haste and the Israelites' swift departure from Egypt.


- Exodus 12:8: "That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast." (NIV)

- Deuteronomy 16:3: "Do not eat it with bread made with yeast, but for seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste—so that all the days of your life you may remember the time of your departure from Egypt." (NIV)

Urim And Thummim

-Definition: The Urim and Thummim were objects used by the Israelites to determine God's will. The exact nature of these objects is unclear, but they were often used in conjunction with the priestly garments to seek divine guidance, with a positive response interpreted as "yes" and a negative response as "no" (1 Samuel 28:6).


- Exodus 28:30

- "Also put the Urim and the Thummim in the breastpiece, so they may be over Aaron’s heart whenever he enters the presence of the Lord. Thus Aaron will always bear the means of making decisions for the Israelites over his heart before the Lord."

- Numbers 27:21

- "He shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the judgment of the Urim before the Lord. At his word they shall go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he and all the people of Israel with him, the whole congregation."


Virgin Birth

-Definition: The supernatural conception of Jesus Christ in the womb of the Virgin Mary, without the involvement of a human father.

-Mentions: Matthew 1:23

- "Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel" (which means, God with us).


-Definition: A solemn promise or commitment made to God, oneself, or others, often involving a specific act, service, or lifestyle.


- Numbers 30:2 (NIV)

- "When a man makes a vow to the Lord or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said."

Vow Offering

-Definition: A sacrifice made by an individual to fulfill a promise or vow made to God.


- "When you make a vow to the Lord your God, you shall not delay fulfilling it, for the Lord your God will surely require it of you, and you will be guilty of sin."

- Deuteronomy 23:21 (ESV)

- "and his offering was one silver plate whose weight was 130 shekels, one silver basin of 70 shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering;"

- Numbers 7:13 (ESV)


-Definition: A Latin translation of the Bible, primarily translated by Saint Jerome in the late 4th century. It became the authoritative version of the Bible in the Western Christian Church.

-Mentions: "Sacred writings, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus."

- 2 Timothy 3:15 (Vulgate)


-Definition: A wadi is a dry riverbed or valley that usually contains water during the rainy season but is typically dry for the rest of the year.


- "Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink." And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel. (Exodus 17:6, ESV)

- "As they went, they came upon a brook or wadi, On the third day they crossed the Wadi Zered, and came upon a camp in the Valley of Arnon." (Numbers 21:13, NRSV)


-Definition: In the context of the Bible, "warp" refers to the crossing or interlacing of the threads on a loom to create the foundation of a fabric. It specifically denotes the lengthwise threads that are tightly stretched on the loom before the weft threads are woven through.

-Mentions:In Exodus 35:35, Bezalel is described as being filled with the Spirit of God to enable him to perform various artistic works, including "weaving of designs, for work in gold, silver, and bronze, in cutting stones for setting and in carving wood, for work in every skilled craft." Here, the process of weaving, which includes the use of the warp threads, is indirectly mentioned as part of the skills endowed by the Spirit of God.


-Definition: A person appointed to stand guard and lookout for potential danger or threats.

-Mentions:1. Isaiah 62:6

- "I have posted watchmen on your walls, Jerusalem; they will never be silent day or night. You who call on the LORD, give yourselves no rest."2. Ezekiel 33:7

- "Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the people of Israel; so hear the word I speak and give them warning from me."

Wave Offering

-Definition: A ritualistic act of presenting a portion of a sacrificial offering to God by waving it back and forth before Him.

-Mentions:-Mentions: Leviticus 7:30 (NIV)

- "With their own hands they are to present the food offering to the Lord; they are to bring the fat, together with the breast, and wave the breast before the Lord as a wave offering."


-Definition: The Way refers to the path or journey one takes in following God's commands and living in accordance with His will.


- "Jesus answered, 'I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.'" (John 14:6, NIV)

- "Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways submit to him, and he will make your paths straight." (Proverbs 3:5

-6, NIV)

Westcott, Brooke Foss

-Definition: Brooke Foss Westcott was an English theologian, biblical scholar, and Bishop of Durham. He is most known for his collaboration with Fenton John Anthony Hort on the critical edition of the New Testament known as the Westcott

-Hort text.


- Matthew 19:14 (NIV)

- "Jesus said, 'Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.'"

- John 1:14 (NIV)

- "The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth."

Wicked One, The

-Definition: Refers to the embodiment of evil or the personification of wickedness. It represents Satan, the chief adversary of God and humanity.


- Matthew 13:19 (New International Version)"When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in their heart. This is the seed sown along the path."


-Definition: A structure or device used for pressing grapes, extracting the juice to make wine.

-Mentions:"I have trodden the winepress alone; from the nations no one was with me. I trampled them in my anger and trod them down in my wrath" (Isaiah 63:3, NIV).


-Definition: A container typically made of animal skin, specially designed to hold and transport wine.

-Mentions:"No one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. No, they pour new wine into new wineskins." (Mark 2:22, NIV)


-Definition: Wisdom refers to the ability to make good judgments and sound decisions based on knowledge, understanding, and experience. It involves discernment, insight, and the application of godly knowledge to life situations.


- Proverbs 4:7 (NIV)

- "The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom. Though it cost all you have, get understanding."

- James 1:5 (NIV)

- "If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to you."


-Definition: Woof refers to the threads that run horizontally in a woven fabric, crossing over and under the warp threads. It is an essential element in the construction of a fabric, providing strength and stability.

-Mentions:In the book of Isaiah, woof is mentioned as a metaphorical representation of human existence and frailty:"All people are like grass,and all their faithfulness is like the flowers of the field.The grass withers and the flowers fall,because the breath of the LORD blows on them.Surely the people are grass.The grass withers and the flowers fall,but the word of our God endures forever." (Isaiah 40:6

-8, NIV)This passage highlights the temporary nature of human life, emphasizing the enduring nature of God's word compared to the fleeting existence of mankind.


-Definition: The world refers to the physical creation or the earthly realm in which humans and other living creatures exist. It can also refer to the people who inhabit the earth, often characterized by their thoughts, values, and behaviors.


- John 3:16

- "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life."

- Romans 12:2

- "Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will."


-Definition: A bitter, poisonous plant that symbolizes calamity, sorrow, and divine punishment.

-Mentions:"The third angel blew his trumpet, and a great star fell from heaven, blazing like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many people died from the water, because it had been made bitter."

- Revelation 8:10



-Definition: Yah is a shortened form of the Hebrew name for God, Yahweh. It is often used as a poetic and abbreviated way of referring to the Lord in the Bible.


- Psalm 68:4 (NIV)

- "Sing to God, sing in praise of his name, extol him who rides on the clouds; rejoice before him—his name is Yah."

- Exodus 15:2 (NIV)

- "The LORD is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation. He is my God, and I will praise him, my father’s God, and I will exalt him."


-Definition: Yahweh is the personal name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible, often translated as "the Lord" or "God." It signifies the all

-powerful Creator and sustainer of the universe, emphasizing his supreme authority and holiness.


- Exodus 3:14 (NIV)

- "God said to Moses, 'I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: 'I am has sent me to you.'''

- Psalm 68:4 (NIV)

- "Sing to God, sing in praise of his name, extol him who rides on the clouds; rejoice before him—his name is the LORD."


-Definition: A wooden frame or harness that connects two animals together for the purpose of pulling a load or working together.

-Mentions:"Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls." (Matthew 11:29, NIV)


-Definition: A zealot is a person who is passionately and fervently devoted to a cause, often to the point of extreme or radical behavior.


- "Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.) Jesus commanded Peter, 'Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?'" (John 18:10

-11, NIV)

- "For I can testify about them that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge." (Romans 10:2, NIV)


-Definition: Zeus refers to the Greek mythological god who was the king of the gods and the ruler of Mount Olympus. He was considered the god of sky and thunder. Zeus was often portrayed as a wise and powerful figure, commanding both the respect and fear of mortals and other gods alike.

-Mentions:Although Zeus is not specifically mentioned in the Bible, the characteristics and role of Zeus can be compared to various references in the Scriptures that describe the sovereignty and power of God. For instance, in Job 37:5, it says, "God thunders wondrously with his voice; he does great things that we cannot comprehend," showcasing the concept of divine power similar to Zeus's thunderbolts. Another verse, in Psalm 47:2, proclaims, "For the Lord, the Most High, is to be feared, a great king over all the earth," highlighting the divine kingship and authority held by Zeus in Greek mythology. Although the Bible does not directly mention Zeus, many verses emphasize the attributes associated with him in Greek mythology.


-Definition: The second month of the ancient Hebrew calendar, corresponding to the modern months of April

-May. It is also known as Iyar.

-Mentions:"In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites had come out of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, the second month, he began to build the temple of the Lord." (1 Kings 6:1, NIV)

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